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Brethren by Nature
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Brethren by Nature: New England Indians, Colonists, and the Origins of American Slavery

Margaret Ellen Newell


This book reveals a little-known aspect of American history: English colonists in New England enslaved thousands of Indians. Massachusetts became the first English colony to legalize slavery in 1641, and the colonists' desire for slaves shaped the major New England Indian wars. When the wartime conquest of Indians ceased, New Englanders turned to the courts to get control of their labor, or imported Indians from Florida and the Carolinas, or simply claimed free Indians as slaves. This book recovers the slaves' own stories and shows how they influenced New England society. Some achieved freedom ... More

Keywords: English colonists, New England, Indians, slavery, freedom, slave economies, Indian slaves, enslavement, eighteenth-century America

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2015 Print ISBN-13: 9780801434150
Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016 DOI:10.7591/cornell/9780801434150.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Margaret Ellen Newell, author
The Ohio State University