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Brethren by NatureNew England Indians, Colonists, and the Origins of American Slavery$
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Margaret Ellen Newell

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780801434150

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801434150.001.0001

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“An Indian to help in the work”

“An Indian to help in the work”

The Importance of Indian Labor in the New England Economy

(p.108) Chapter 5 “An Indian to help in the work”
Brethren by Nature

Margaret Ellen Newell

Cornell University Press

This chapter details English efforts to assert their sovereignty over the Indians. This took the form of pressure on Indians to sign treaties and cede land, as well as a tightening of tributary relations and demands for wampum or other reparations related to the war or to subsequent disputes or “crimes” against the English. The labor needs that drove captive roundups in 1637 and 1638 had hardly slackened, and Indian labor remained an attractive target. Given the lack of regulation surrounding Pequot captivity, many Pequots remained servants as long as their owners declined to free them—or unless they freed themselves.

Keywords:   English colonists, New England, Indian slaves, Indian slavery, slave labor, sovereignty, Pequot Indians

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