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Brethren by NatureNew England Indians, Colonists, and the Origins of American Slavery$
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Margaret Ellen Newell

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780801434150

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801434150.001.0001

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“As good if not better then the Moorish Slaves”

“As good if not better then the Moorish Slaves”

Law, Slavery, and the Second Native Diaspora

Chapter:
(p.159) Chapter 7 “As good if not better then the Moorish Slaves”
Source:
Brethren by Nature
Author(s):

Margaret Ellen Newell

Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:10.7591/cornell/9780801434150.003.0008

This chapter discusses the changes wrought by King Philip's War (1675–76) in law and practice regarding involuntary servitude. Of the more than two thousand Indians reduced to servitude and slavery as captives during the war, the colonists exported approximately one-fourth into the hungry maw of global slave markets throughout the Atlantic, the Caribbean, the Mediterranean, and the Indian Ocean. The rest remained within New England households to work, as auctions distributed them to households all over the region. The war also cemented English sovereignty in southern New England. In the 1650s and 1660s colonial governments in southern New England had asserted sovereignty over the native inhabitants but had not been fully able to enforce these claims. Now, through conquest and treaty, the colonial governments had come to view all the Indians as subject peoples answerable to English courts and laws.

Keywords:   King Philip's War, Indian slaves, Indian slavery, English colonists, Native Americans, sovereignty, New England

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