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Brethren by NatureNew England Indians, Colonists, and the Origins of American Slavery$
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Margaret Ellen Newell

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780801434150

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801434150.001.0001

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To be sold “in any part of ye kings Dominyons”

To be sold “in any part of ye kings Dominyons”

Judicial Enslavement of New England Indians

(p.211) Chapter 9 To be sold “in any part of ye kings Dominyons”
Brethren by Nature

Margaret Ellen Newell

Cornell University Press

This chapter describes English colonists' use of court-ordered servitude and other, even more informal claims to maintain their supply of Indian slaves in the eighteenth century. In order to reduce native people to involuntary servitude in the face of laws and statutes theoretically designed to halt Indian slavery, colonists mobilized the structures of town governance and county courts, as well as the tacit consent of English neighbors. They also exploited relatively new racial categories in New England society—African, mustee, mulatto, Spanish Indian—and assigned Indians to them. In an age where African slavery became more prevalent and King Philip's War had reduced thousands of Native Americans into involuntary servants, even free Indian workers remained at risk for kidnapping and sale as slaves.

Keywords:   Indian slaves, Indian slavery, English colonists, Native Americans, Indian, servitude, informal claims, racial categories

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