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The Enlightenment of Cadwallader ColdenEmpire, Science, and Intellectual Culture in British New York$
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John M. Dixon

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780801448034

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801448034.001.0001

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(p.43) Chapter 3 Intellectuals
The Enlightenment of Cadwallader Colden

John M. Dixon

Cornell University Press

This chapter examines the ideological, social, and political worlds of Cadwallader Colden and other intellectuals in early eighteenth-century New York. It begins by focusing on Robert Hunter, governor of New York and New Jersey, and his correspondence with James Logan. It then considers Colden's move to Manhattan and how he became involved in New York's political and intellectual circles. In particular, it explains how William Burnet's patronage allowed Colden to gain the important offices of provincial surveyor general and councilor. It also looks at Colden's January 1720 letter to Hunter, which contained a historical and social justification for an overhaul of the medical profession along the lines of astronomy. Finally, it analyzes Colden's correspondence to Logan and Burnet's role in the dissemination of Newtonian mathematics around Continental Europe.

Keywords:   intellectuals, Cadwallader Colden, New York, Robert Hunter, James Logan, William Burnet, astronomy, mathematics, Continental Europe, medical profession

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