This chapter examines Cadwallader Colden's arguments against partisanship that was prevalent in eighteenth-century New York. Colden made the case against partisanship by insisting that the volatile politics of his colony could not be reconciled with moderate and enlightened culture. After a period of political pamphleteering and mobilization, Colden decided from the 1740s that excessive local factionalism put order and stability at risk. This chapter discusses the ambivalence of New York elites toward partisanship as well as the tensions caused by partisanship. It considers the election of 1726 and how it helped to initiate a crucial relationship between politics and print/printing in New York, the dispute between mercantile faction and Governor William Burnet, and the conspiracy trials of 1741 that resulted in the execution of thirty blacks and four whites on suspicion of arson.
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