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The French RepublicHistory, Values, Debates$
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Edward Ducler Berenson, Vincent Duclert, and Christophe Prochasson

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780801449017

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801449017.001.0001

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War and the Republic

War and the Republic

Chapter:
(p.56) 6 War and the Republic
Source:
The French Republic
Author(s):

Stéphane Audoin-Rouzeau

, Arthur Goldhammer
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:10.7591/cornell/9780801449017.003.0007

This chapter discusses the influences of war on the French Republic. It argues that the Republic originated in war, which then shaped the representations and practices of the res publica. In particular, World War I had revived the century-old tradition of the embattled Republic, while casting an immense shadow on the nascent century. The chapter argues that the pacifism of the 1920s and 1930s and the Resistance of the 1940s were thus consequences of World War I and its memory, which was as much republican as it was national. The “Great War” is therefore particularly deserving of a place in a critical history of the Republic and of France.

Keywords:   World War I, war, French Republic, critical history, republicanism

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