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The Image before the WeaponA Critical History of the Distinction between Combatant and Civilian$
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Helen M. Kinsella

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780801449031

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801449031.001.0001

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The Algerian Civil War and the 1977 Protocols Additional

The Algerian Civil War and the 1977 Protocols Additional

(p.127) 6 The Algerian Civil War and the 1977 Protocols Additional
The Image before the Weapon

Helen M. Kinsella

Cornell University Press

This chapter discusses another treaty of the laws of war influential to the principle of distinction: the 1977 Protocols Additional to the 1949 Conventions. In this case, the conduct of the wars of decolonization—in particular the 1954–1962 French-Algerian War—had informed the formulation of the 1977 Protocols. The French-Algerian War had altered the way in which wars of national liberation and decolonization were identified and understood, and introduced a new category of combatant (as well as a new category of war) into international humanitarian law. It occupies a seminal place in the history of European decolonization, partly due to the self-appointed task undertaken by the leaders of the liberation struggle, the Algerian Front de Libération Nationale (FLN; National Liberation Front) in particular, to unify and exemplify the larger decolonization struggles of their time.

Keywords:   1977 Protocols, French-Algerian War, decolonization, Algerian Front de Libération Nationale, FLN, wars of decolonization, national liberation

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