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In Uncertain TimesAmerican Foreign Policy after the Berlin Wall and 9/11$
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Melvyn P. Leffler and Jeffrey W. Legro

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780801449093

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801449093.001.0001

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How Did the Experts Do?

How Did the Experts Do?

Chapter:
(p.163) 10 How Did the Experts Do?
Source:
In Uncertain Times
Author(s):

William C. Wohlforth

Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:10.7591/cornell/9780801449093.003.0010

This chapter examines the dilemmas of decision making in uncertain times. It first considers the scholarship on expert evaluation before discussing academic policy advice on the Afghanistan War, the enlargement of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), German reunification within NATO, and the Iraq War. It argues that 9/11 and the fall of the Berlin Wall point to a more qualified role for outside experts in strategic planning. It also highlights the tendency of scholarly experts to prescribe solutions to such matters as German unification and NATO expansion that were likely to have been less wise than those adopted by the policymakers. Finally, it calls for enhanced channels of interaction between the government's strategic planners and the independent expert community.

Keywords:   decision making, academic policy advice, Afghanistan War, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, German reunification, Iraq War, 9/11, Berlin Wall, strategic planning, NATO expansion

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