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In Uncertain TimesAmerican Foreign Policy after the Berlin Wall and 9/11$
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Melvyn P. Leffler and Jeffrey W. Legro

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780801449093

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801449093.001.0001

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Strategy in a Murky World

Strategy in a Murky World

(p.179) Conclusion Strategy in a Murky World
In Uncertain Times

Melvyn P. Leffler

Jeffrey W. Legro

Cornell University Press

This book concludes with an analysis of what the United States did and how it fared during the momentous years that followed the end of the Cold War. It begins by discussing the evolution of strategy from the fall of the Berlin Wall to the onset of Barack Obama's presidency. It then considers the accomplishments and failures of U.S. strategic planning during uncertain times, suggesting that U.S. leaders struggled to address the challenges and opportunities created by the collapse of the Wall and the terrorist attacks of 9/11, yet cites the U.S. response to the events of 1989 as one of the most notable tactical success stories in the history of U.S. diplomacy. It also examines what the repercussions of the Persian Gulf War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 say about U.S. architecture for global affairs. Finally, it outlines some instructive lessons from the record of U.S planning since the end of the Cold War.

Keywords:   strategic planning, United States, Cold War, Berlin Wall, Barack Obama, 9/11, diplomacy, Persian Gulf War, Soviet Union

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