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In Uncertain TimesAmerican Foreign Policy after the Berlin Wall and 9/11$
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Melvyn P. Leffler and Jeffrey W. Legro

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780801449093

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801449093.001.0001

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Shaping the Future

Shaping the Future

Planning at the Pentagon, 1989–93

Chapter:
(p.44) 3 Shaping the Future
Source:
In Uncertain Times
Author(s):

Paul Wolfowitz

Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:10.7591/cornell/9780801449093.003.0003

This chapter examines the purposefulness that undergirded the evolving strategic thinking of U.S. Secretary of Defense Dick Cheney, and of his colleagues and assistants. It considers the Regional Defense Strategy developed by Cheney as well as the Bush administration's arms control initiatives to compete with Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev. It also discusses Cheney's attempt to test Gorbachev's declared willingness to reduce conventional forces in Europe, which was the underlying cause of insecurity and the reason for the North Atlantic Treaty Organization's (NATO) tactical nuclear weapons. The chapter suggests that the Bush administration wanted to preserve old alliances and reassure traditional allies by promising a continuation of the United States's “forward presence.” It concludes by assessing U.S. defense planning in a period of uncertainty caused by the fall of the Berlin Wall and how the collapse of the Soviet Union affected U.S. and NATO nuclear strategies.

Keywords:   arms control, Dick Cheney, Regional Defense Strategy, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, nuclear weapons, United States, defense planning, Berlin Wall, Soviet Union, Europe

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