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Sarajevo, 1941-1945Muslims, Christians, and Jews in Hitler's Europe$
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Emily Greble

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780801449215

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801449215.001.0001

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Conversion and Complicity

Conversion and Complicity

Ethnically Cleansing the Nation

(p.88) 3 Conversion and Complicity
Sarajevo, 1941-1945

Emily Greble

Cornell University Press

This chapter examines the local process of genocide, which reveals that the ensuing discord between the city and ideas of the new order was not just a power struggle with the Ustasha regime but, more fundamentally, an ideological battle to define and protect the values and basis of community. At the forefront of the Ustasha regime's ideological agenda was purifying the nation, an idea that translated into a notoriously brutal genocidal campaign against Serbs, Jews, and Roma. The regime implemented its policies at different tempos and to varying degrees across the state, often leaving the tasks of identifying and removing the so-called pariah groups to local officials. Thus, the character of violence and the experience of victim groups differed from town to town. In Sarajevo, everything from the process of confiscating property to the deportations of Jews had a distinctly local quality. When city leaders realized that the state would not respect their criteria for determining who belonged to the national community, they began to question and, at times, challenge aspects of the regime's genocidal agenda.

Keywords:   Sarajevo, genocide, Utasha regime, local officials, community, ethnic cleansing

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