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Sarajevo, 1941-1945Muslims, Christians, and Jews in Hitler's Europe$
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Emily Greble

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780801449215

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801449215.001.0001

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An Uprising in the Making

An Uprising in the Making

(p.179) 6 An Uprising in the Making
Sarajevo, 1941-1945

Emily Greble

Cornell University Press

This chapter investigates Sarajevo's growing political and social crisis after the capitulation of Italy in September 1943. Sarajevo suffered relatively heavy Allied bombardment that November as the Allies sought to cripple the smaller Axis partners and persuade them to switch sides. The bombing killed hundreds of civilians and left countless more homeless. Furthermore, the escalating civil war severely hampered city supply line. The burgeoning population also grew too large for the available resources. As sectarian violence escalated in the countryside, twenty thousand new Muslim refugees flowed into Sarajevo, nearly doubling the size of the city's community of displaced persons. Typhus and tuberculosis spread like wildfire. Fearful that the expanding insurgency would reach Sarajevo, the Germans and Ustashas cracked down on the town through enhanced police surveillance, censorship, and direct control. Likewise, religious reactionaries and rightist politicians tightened their grip on their communities in hopes of fending off leftist resistance ideas. Religious organizations, cultural societies, humanitarian groups, unions, factories, and youth groups soon became new sites of political activity and agitation, though as late as the fall of 1944, it was not entirely clear who or what they were resisting.

Keywords:   Sarajevo, Muslims, civil war, refugees, Allies, Axis, sectarian violence, Germans, Ustashas, political activity

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