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Planning for EmpireReform Bureaucrats and the Japanese Wartime State$
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Janis Mimura

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780801449260

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801449260.001.0001

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Japan’s Wartime Technocrats

Japan’s Wartime Technocrats

Chapter:
(p.7) 1 Japan’s Wartime Technocrats
Source:
Planning for Empire
Author(s):

Janis Mimura

Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:10.7591/cornell/9780801449260.003.0001

This chapter examines the ideas and strategies of the managerial elite in interwar Japan. During the 1930s, three groups were identified as representing a new political and economic force in Japan. The press referred to them as the “new military men,” “new zaibatsu,” and “new-new bureaucrats” or “reform bureaucrats.” These “new” groups offered innovative, antiliberal approaches toward war, industry, and government that distinguished them from traditional military officers, industrialists, and bureaucrats. The new military men, associated with the army's Control faction, introduced a new scale and type of war mobilization in preparation for “total war.” New zaibatsu industrialists devised a distinct management philosophy and corporate structures for heavy and chemical industries. Reform bureaucrats advocated a new activist, goal-oriented approach toward government and paved the way for unprecedented state control of politics, private industry, and public services based on their vision of the “managerial state.”

Keywords:   interwar Japan, managerial elite, military men, zaibatsu, bureaucrats, war mobilization, total war

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