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Planning for EmpireReform Bureaucrats and the Japanese Wartime State$
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Janis Mimura

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780801449260

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801449260.001.0001

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Military Fascism and Manchukuo, 1930–36

Military Fascism and Manchukuo, 1930–36

(p.41) 2 Military Fascism and Manchukuo, 1930–36
Planning for Empire

Janis Mimura

Cornell University Press

This chapter shows how Manchuria represented an experimental ground for military fascism in the early 1930s. In the first half of the 1930s, military and civilian technocrats lacked the political authority, institutional support, and unified vision to assume the reins of power in Japan and effectively challenge the status quo. Their plans to reform Japan's state and economy were fiercely attacked and sabotaged by business and party leaders. However, the army's invasion and occupation of Manchuria and escalation of conflicts in North China gradually shifted Japan to a wartime footing by the late 1930s and increased the stature and influence of technocrats. Radical young officers and army technocrats promoted fascism in three ways. First, through acts of terror and violence, the officers brought an end to party government and shifted Japanese politics to the right. Second, military technocrats occupied Manchuria and created a new type of fascist state and economy. Third, these groups paved the way for the rise of a new group of technocratic leaders who embraced and later transformed the military's fascist visions and programs.

Keywords:   military fascism, Japanese fascism, Manchuria, fascists, Japan

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