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Planning for EmpireReform Bureaucrats and the Japanese Wartime State$
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Janis Mimura

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780801449260

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801449260.001.0001

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Bureaucratic Visions of Manchukuo, 1933–39

Bureaucratic Visions of Manchukuo, 1933–39

(p.70) 3 Bureaucratic Visions of Manchukuo, 1933–39
Planning for Empire

Janis Mimura

Cornell University Press

This chapter analyzes the process by which reform bureaucrats altered the military's program and strategies of Manchurian development and promoted their own technocratic agenda for Manchukuo. Arriving in Manchuria as young, idealistic bureaucrats who had been educated in the rarefied and sheltered environment of Tokyo Imperial University and groomed for elite careers in Japan's ministries and business, these bureaucrats brought to their new posts a vision of modernizing a backward land by developing its economy and introducing modern efficient administrative techniques. They mingled with an eclectic community of military officers, right-wing activists, and left-wing planners who flourished in Manchuria's unrestricted environment. More important, they formed long-term working relationships with other elite military and civilian technocrats. They actively promoted their own managerial visions by recasting the ideologically rigid programs of Manchukuo's founders into more viable business ventures and devised bold and innovative plans to transform Manchukuo into a techno-fascist state.

Keywords:   Manchuria, industrial development, state-building, Japan, Japanese bureaucrats, technocrats

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