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Planning for EmpireReform Bureaucrats and the Japanese Wartime State$
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Janis Mimura

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780801449260

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801449260.001.0001

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Ideologues of Fascism

Ideologues of Fascism

Okumura Kiwao and Mōri Hideoto

(p.107) 4 Ideologues of Fascism
Planning for Empire

Janis Mimura

Cornell University Press

This chapter focuses on the ideas of Okumura Kiwao and Mōri Hideoto, the acknowledged ideologues of the reform movement. Political insiders described Mōri as the “idea man” at the Cabinet Planning Board and the “bright star” at the Asia Development Board. Working behind the scenes, he served as a central link between military officers, bureaucrats, pan-Asianists, and left-wing intellectuals. Okumura assumed a more public role, first as author of the controversial Electric Power Control Law, and later as deputy chief of propaganda. The chapter examines how Okumura and Mōri combined technocratic planning with the Japanese Volk (minzoku) to formulate their techno-fascist vision of Japan and its Asian empire. It shows that technocratic embrace of fascism did not represent a sudden, radical conversion (tenkō) or reactionary turn to the past, but rather a gradual and considered embrace of new political trends and modern technology.

Keywords:   fascist reform movement, Japanese fascism, Okumura Kiwao, Mōri Hideoto, fascists, reform bureaucrats, technology

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