From Wartime Techno-Fascism to Postwar Managerialism
This epilogue considers the favorable historical conditions for the ascendance of Japanese technocrats and their legacy in the creation of Japan's postwar democratic system. It argues that Japan's transition from wartime techno-fascism to postwar managerialism required a fundamental shift in political and economic goals. Following defeat and occupation, Japan renounced war and empire and reentered the international community as a capitalist trading partner committed to peace and democracy. The state-centered plan of the advanced national defense state was replaced by a society-centered plan aimed at creating a middle-class consumer society. The drivers of growth for the postwar state were no longer the military, munitions industries, and empire, but rather the middle class, civilian industries, and international trade. Economic recovery and growth was also facilitated by Cold War tensions and the outbreak of the Korean War in 1950, which reversed U.S. policy toward strengthening Japan and the sudden rise of overseas demand for Japanese goods.
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