Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The Memory of All Ancient Customs
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

The Memory of All Ancient Customs: Native American Diplomacy in the Colonial Hudson Valley

Tom Arne Midtrod


This book examines the complex patterns of diplomatic, political, and social communication among the American Indian peoples of the Hudson Valley—including the Mahicans, Wappingers, and Esopus Indians—from the early seventeenth century through the American Revolutionary era. By focusing on how members of different Native groups interacted with one another, this book places Indians rather than Europeans on center stage. The book uncovers a vast and multifaceted Native American world that was largely hidden from the eyes of the Dutch and English colonists who gradually displaced the indigenous p ... More

Keywords: American Indians, Hudson Valley, Natives, Native Americans, indigenous people, American Revolutionary War, Iroquois, Mahicans, Wappingers, Esopus Indians

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2012 Print ISBN-13: 9780801449376
Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016 DOI:10.7591/cornell/9780801449376.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Tom Arne Midtrod, author
Assistant Professor of History, the University of Iowa