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The Memory of All Ancient CustomsNative American Diplomacy in the Colonial Hudson Valley$
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Tom Arne Midtrod

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780801449376

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801449376.001.0001

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Ties That Bound

Ties That Bound

(p.21) Chapter 1 Ties That Bound
The Memory of All Ancient Customs

Tom Arne Midtrød

Cornell University Press

This chapter focuses on the kinship connections between Hudson Valley Indians. Strong ties of actual and fictive kinship bound Hudson Valley groups together in a widespread network of intersocietal contact and interaction. Members of one group often had relatives among neighboring peoples, and on a larger level entire peoples were fictive or metaphorical kin. Rooted as they were in daily experience, these relations entailed duties and obligations understandable to all members of society. Spiritual ceremonies and reciprocal exchanges of gifts and favors worked to reinforce and renew these ties. The ties that bound these various people to one another formed the basis for a widespread diplomatic network.

Keywords:   Hudson Valley Indians, Native Americans, American Indians, kinship connections, intersocietal contact, diplomatic network

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