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The Memory of All Ancient CustomsNative American Diplomacy in the Colonial Hudson Valley$
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Tom Arne Midtrod

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780801449376

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801449376.001.0001

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Living with the English

Living with the English

(p.80) Chapter 4 Living with the English
The Memory of All Ancient Customs

Tom Arne Midtrød

Cornell University Press

During the early period of English rule in the Hudson Valley, local Native populations increasingly had to acquiesce to many aspects of foreign rule, and at least acknowledge their dependence on the government of New York. This chapter focuses on how Hudson Valley Indians abandoned their claims to complete equality with the newcomers and began to describe the provincial governor as a father figure and protector. But the Indians' acceptance of foreign domination was far from complete, and in reality colonial authorities often had little control over the affairs of the Natives. The English remained largely on the outside of the Native diplomatic system that continued to function in the Hudson Valley, and had little knowledge of its operation.

Keywords:   English rule, English colonizers, American Indians, Native Americans, Hudson Valley, equality

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