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The Memory of All Ancient CustomsNative American Diplomacy in the Colonial Hudson Valley$
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Tom Arne Midtrod

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780801449376

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801449376.001.0001

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In the Shadow of the Longhouse

In the Shadow of the Longhouse

(p.122) Chapter 6 In the Shadow of the Longhouse
The Memory of All Ancient Customs

Tom Arne Midtrød

Cornell University Press

This chapter considers the relationship of Hudson Valley Indians with the English and Iroquois. From the 1670s onward, Hudson Valley Indians increasingly had to accept the reality of some degree of foreign domination of their homeland, both by the English and the Iroquois. These partners tended to see the peoples of the Valley as their subordinates, often little more than a source of military manpower at their disposal. However, on political terms, at least, the Valley Indians were far from cowed, and through evasion and delay made it impossible for their supposed superiors to place them under extensive control. Internally, Hudson Valley peoples remained in charge of their own affairs, an autonomy facilitated at least in part by the colonial government's general lack of interest in the affairs of these Natives. The Iroquois, too, often remained aloof from Hudson Valley affairs, and while they might on occasion call the Valley Indians to their bidding, for the most part Iroquois interference was fairly limited.

Keywords:   Hudson Valley Indians, English, Iroquois, Native Americans, American Indians

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