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The Memory of All Ancient CustomsNative American Diplomacy in the Colonial Hudson Valley$
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Tom Arne Midtrod

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780801449376

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801449376.001.0001

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War and Disunity

War and Disunity

(p.167) Chapter 8 War and Disunity
The Memory of All Ancient Customs

Tom Arne Midtrød

Cornell University Press

The 1750s and 1760s constituted a period of unrest among the Indians of the Valley, and the Native diplomatic system was weakened by the ongoing imperial and English–Indian conflicts that reverberated throughout eastern North America at this time. These conflicts caused fissures both within individual peoples and in relations among former closely allied groups. These developments were to a large extent the result of the migration of Valley Indians to other areas, especially to the west. Migrants came into contact with and were influenced by new groups of people, and the expatriates in turn exerted influence on their compatriots at home. This chapter shows that those Indians who remained in the Valley were torn between their sympathy with Indians at war with the English in Pennsylvania and other western areas and their need to maintain peaceful relations with the European majority population at home. Faced with these pressures, some chose neutrality or alliance with the English, while others joined the war against these Europeans.

Keywords:   Hudson Valley Indians, Native Americans, diplomatic system, English–Indian conflicts, migration

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