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MacArthur in AsiaThe General and His Staff in the Philippines, Japan, and Korea$
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Hirosh Masuda

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780801449390

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801449390.001.0001

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From the Philippines to Japan, October 1944 to August 1945

From the Philippines to Japan, October 1944 to August 1945

Chapter:
(p.169) 9 From the Philippines to Japan, October 1944 to August 1945
Source:
MacArthur in Asia
Author(s):

Hiroshi Masuda

, Reiko Yamamoto
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:10.7591/cornell/9780801449390.003.0009

MacArthur's successful landing on Leyte meant that he had returned to the Philippines two years and seven months after his infamous withdrawal from Corregidor in March 1942. After setting up a military base at Tacloban on Leyte's northeast coast, he moved around battlefields to free the entire Philippines from Japanese control. For MacArthur, retaking the Philippines was directed at securing a geographically important base for the advance on Japan. At a deeper level, however, it was also designed to wipe out the indignity of having deserted his men when he withdrew from Corregidor. The chapter discusses the advance toward Manila; the recapture of Bataan and Corregidor; the de-Japanization and democratization of the Philippines; the rise of Colonel Courtney Whitney; Japanese surrender; and arrival of a delegation from Japan on August 19, 1945, to discuss the surrender ceremony.

Keywords:   Douglas MacArthur, Leyte, Corregidor, Tacloban, Philippines, Japanese surrender

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