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MacArthur in AsiaThe General and His Staff in the Philippines, Japan, and Korea$
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Hirosh Masuda

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780801449390

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801449390.001.0001

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The Democratization of Japan, August 1945 to April 1950

The Democratization of Japan, August 1945 to April 1950

Chapter:
(p.209) 11 The Democratization of Japan, August 1945 to April 1950
Source:
MacArthur in Asia
Author(s):

Hiroshi Masuda

, Reiko Yamamoto
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:10.7591/cornell/9780801449390.003.0011

This chapter discusses efforts to democratize Japan from August 1945 to April 1950. These include the policy of public purges implemented on the basis of Article 6 of the Potsdam Declaration of July 26, 1945: “there must be eliminated for all time the authority and influence of those have deceived and misled the people of Japan into embarking on world conquest”; the enactment of a new constitution to replace the Meiji Constitution promulgated in 1889; dissolution of the Zaibatsu (or financial cliques) and land reform; educational reforms; the first postwar general election; and the dissolution of the Ministry of Home Affairs.

Keywords:   Douglas MacArthur, democracy, democratization, Japan, public purges, Japanese constitution, land reform, educational reform, general elections, Ministry of Home Affairs

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