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Embryo PoliticsEthics and Policy in Atlantic Democracies$
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Thomas Banchoff

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780801449574

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801449574.001.0001

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First Embryo Research Regimes

First Embryo Research Regimes

(p.70) Chapter 2 First Embryo Research Regimes
Embryo Politics

Thomas Banchoff

Cornell University Press

This chapter focuses on the national embryo research regimes in the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, and France. In all four countries, contrasting national terms of debate combined with electoral shifts and new patterns of interest group politics to generate very different embryo research regimes over the period 1990 to 1995. In the United States, a ban on federal funds for embryo research went hand in hand with a laissez-faire approach in the private sector. Britain instituted a comprehensive policy that was also the most permissive, allowing embryo research—and the creation of embryos for experiments—under careful regulatory oversight. After extended policy debates about the possibility of allowing some research with surplus IVF embryos, both France and Germany imposed restrictive regimes that criminalized all destructive embryo research within their borders.

Keywords:   embryo research, human embryo, research regime, United States, UK, France, Germany, IVF

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