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Bitter ChoicesLoyalty and Betrayal in the Russian Conquest of the North Caucasus$
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Michael Khodarkovsky

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780801449727

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801449727.001.0001

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Interpreter and Administrator

Interpreter and Administrator

Chapter:
(p.105) 7 Interpreter and Administrator
Source:
Bitter Choices
Author(s):

Michael Khodarkovsky

Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:10.7591/cornell/9780801449727.003.0008

This chapter details events following Semën Atarshchikov's arrival in the city of Tiflis in 1836, where he assumed the new post of superintendent of the Karachay people. In the 1830s the Karachays were in the process of coming under the rule of the imperial administration, slowly but inexorably pulled into Russia's political and administrative orbit. To maintain relations with the peaceful peoples, the Russian authorities relied on a pristav, a specially appointed liaison officer. As Russian control of the region increased, however, the position of pristav evolved into that of district superintendent. By the nineteenth century the office of superintendent had evolved into a seat of virtually unlimited power with responsibilities involving taxation, trade, labor services, and extracommunal legal cases among the locals, who invariably saw the office as the source of widespread corruption.

Keywords:   Tiflis, superintendent, Karachays, Semën Atarshchikov, imperial Russia, Russian empire

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