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The Socialist CarAutomobility in the Eastern Bloc$
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Lewis H. Siegelbaum

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780801449918

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801449918.001.0001

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Planning for Mobility

Planning for Mobility

Designing City Centers and New Towns in the USSR and the GDR in the 1960s

(p.71) 4 Planning for Mobility
The Socialist Car

Elke Beyer

Cornell University Press

This chapter examines how planning for mobility, especially automobility, shaped designs for city centers in the USSR and the German Democratic Republic (GDR) during the 1960s. Taking the first All-Union Conference on Urban Planning held in Moscow in 1960, it traces the evolution of urbanist debates in the architectural press and the urban design practice of the two countries. It discusses the general plans for Togliatti in 1968 and Moscow in 1971, both of which represented official approval of a definitive model for the modern Soviet city, and situates the fragmentary realization of these plans within the context of urbanism. The chapter also considers conceptions of space and “utopias of usage” at the root of urban planning and how central urban spaces were engineered and represented as spaces of movement.

Keywords:   mobility, automobility, city centers, USSR, German Democratic Republic, urban design, urbanism, urban planning, urban spaces

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