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We Will Be Satisfied With Nothing LessThe African American Struggle for Equal Rights in the North during Reconstruction$
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Hugh Davis

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780801450099

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801450099.001.0001

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The Equal Rights Struggle in the 1870s

The Equal Rights Struggle in the 1870s

Chapter:
(p.97) 4 The Equal Rights Struggle in the 1870s
Source:
We Will Be Satisfied With Nothing Less
Author(s):

Hugh Davis

Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:10.7591/cornell/9780801450099.003.0004

This chapter concentrates on the first half of the 1870s. It examines how, following the ratification of the Fifteenth Amendment, northern blacks sought to work within the Republican Party at the state level to gain equal access to public schools and, at the federal level, to pressure congressional Republicans to pass Charles Sumner's Civil Rights Bill—especially its school integration clause. The chapter also analyzes the impact of the northern black vote on the outcome of elections and the growing frustration of northern blacks with their treatment by white Republicans. Perhaps the most devastating setback for the northern black equal rights movement occurred when, after years of relentless lobbying by African Americans on behalf of Sumner's Civil Rights Bill, congressional Republicans decided to remove the crucial school integration clause and a few other clauses from the bill in order to ensure its passage before the Democrats assumed control of the House of Representatives in 1875.

Keywords:   northern blacks, African Americans, Republican Party, Civil Rights Bill, Charles Sumner, equal rights, school integration

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