Private Papers and Manuscripts
Aberdeen Papers, British Library, U.K.
Acquisitions Collection, Harriet Beecher Stowe Center, Hartford, Conn.
Anti-Slavery Papers, Rhodes House Library, Oxford, U.K.
Backhouse Papers, David M. Rubenstein Rare Books and Manuscript Library, Duke University, Durham, N.C.
Bandinel Papers, David M. Rubenstein Rare Books and Manuscript Library, Duke University, Durham, N.C.
Beecher-Stowe Family Papers, Schlesinger Library, Cambridge, Mass.
Lydia Maria Child Papers, Microfilms from Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.
Katharine S. Day Collection, Harriet Beecher Stowe Center, Hartford, Conn.
The Gilder-Lehrman Collection, New-York Historical Society, N.Y.
Great Britain Savannah Consulate Papers, David M. Rubenstein Rare Books and Manuscript Library, Duke University, Durham, N.C.
Duff Green Papers, Microfilms from Southern Historical Collection, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Hobhouse Papers, Microfilms from British Library, London, U.K.
Lugard Papers, Rhodes House Library, Oxford, U.K.
Alma Lutz Collection, Schlesinger Library, Cambridge, Mass.
Palmerston Papers, Broadlands Manuscripts, University of Southampton, U.K.
Edwin Parker Journal, Plymouth and West Devon Record Office, U.K.
Marquis of Ripon Papers, David M. Rubenstein Rare Books and Manuscript Library, Duke University, Durham, N.C.
Russell Papers, National Archives, U.K.
Joseph Sturge Papers, British Library, London, U.K.
Lewis Tappan Papers, Microfilms from Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.
Horace Waller Papers, Rhodes House Library, Oxford, U.K.
Horace Waller Papers, Yale Divinity School, New Haven, Conn.
Samuel Wilberforce Papers, David M. Rubenstein Rare Books and Manuscript Library, Duke University, Durham, N.C.
Wilder Scrapbook, David M. Rubenstein Rare Books and Manuscript Library, Duke University, Durham, N.C.
Francis Yates Aglionby Papers, David M. Rubenstein Rare Books and Manuscript Library, Duke University, Durham, N.C.
Colonial Office Papers, National Archives
Foreign Office Papers, National Archives
FO 84/2, 333, 373, 486, 598, 648, 919, 1034, 1141, 1305
Hansard, Parliamentary Debates, 3rd and 4th series
Periodicals and Newspapers
Aberdeen Journal, Aberdeen Weekly Journal, All The Year Round, Anti-Slavery Reporter, Anti-Teapot Review, Birmingham Daily Post, Bristol Mercury and Western Counties Advertiser, British Emancipator, Broad Views, Caledonian Mercury, Central Africa, Chambers’s Edinburgh Journal, Chambers’s Journal, Daily News, Derby Mercury, Dundee Courier and Argus, Economist, Essex County Standard, Examiner, Fortnightly Review, Fraser’s Magazine, Glasgow Herald, Graphic, Hampshire Telegraph and Sussex Chronicle, Household Words, Huddersfield Chronicle and West Yorkshire Advertiser, Illustrated London News, Journal of the Society of Arts, Lancaster Gazette, Law Magazine and Review, Leeds Mercury, Liberator, Liverpool Mercury, Lloyd’s Weekly London Paper, Lloyd’s Weekly Newspaper, Manchester Examiner and Times, Mirror of Literature, Amusement and Instruction, Morning Chronicle, Morning Post, Morning Star, National Review, Nineteenth Century, Northern Echo, North Wales Chronicle, Pall Mall Gazette, Penny Illustrated Paper, People’s Paper, Popular Science Review, Preston Chronicle and Lancashire Advertiser, Proceedings of the Royal Colonial Institute, Punch, Quarterly Review, Reynolds’s Newspaper, Royal Cornwall Gazette, Sheffield and Rotherham Independent, Spectator, Times, Weekly Review and Dramatic Critic, Wesleyan-Methodist Magazine, Westminster Review
Adams, Charles, ed. Slavery, Secession & Civil War: Views from the United Kingdom and Europe (Lanham, Md., 2007).
Anderson-Morshead, A. E. M. The History of the Universities’ Mission to Central Africa, 1859–1896 (London, 1897).
Arch, Joseph. Joseph Arch: The Story of his Life, ed. Countess of Warwick (London, 1898).
Ballad Sheet of “Song composed by H.B. Brown on his escape from slavery,” “The slave’s song,” and “Freedom’s Star” (n.d., n.p.) [JJC, Slavery 2].
Baring, Francis Thornhill. Journals and Correspondence of Francis Thornhill Baring, ed. T. G. Baring, 2 vols. (London, 1902).
Barnard, Frederick L. A Three Years’ Cruize in the Mozambique Channel for the Suppression of the Slave Trade (London, 1848).
Beecham, John. Ashantee and the Gold Coast (London, 1841).
Beecher, Charles. Harriet Beecher Stowe in Europe: The Journal of Charles Beecher, ed. Joseph S. Van Why and Earl French (Hartford, Conn., 1986).
Beecher Stowe, Harriet. A Reply to “The Affectionate Address of the Women of Great Britain and Ireland” (London, 1863).
Beldam, Joseph. A Review of the Late Proposed Measure for the Reduction of the Duties on Sugar (London, 1841).
Bell, Kenneth N., and W. P. Morell, eds. Select Documents on British Colonial Policy, 1830–1860 (Oxford, 1928).
Benton, William Hart. Thirty Years View, 2 vols. (New York, 1856).
Beresford Hope, A. J. B. The American Disruption, 6th ed. (London, 1862).
Bright, John. The Struggle in America in Relation to the Working Men of Britain (n.p., 1863).
British and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society. The Boers and Slavery in South Africa: Statement of the British and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society (London, 1881)
——. Proceedings of the General Anti-Slavery Convention, called by the committee of the British and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society, and held in London, from Friday, June 12th, to Tuesday, June 23rd, 1840 (London, 1841).
——. Proceedings of the General Anti-Slavery Convention, called by the Committee of the British and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society and held in London from Tuesday, June 13th, to Tuesday, June 20th, 1843 (London, 1843).
Brown, John. Slave Life in Georgia: A Narrative of the Life, Sufferings, and Escape of John Brown, a Fugitive Slave, Now in England, ed. L. A. Chamerovzow (London, 1855).
Brown, William Wells. Three Years in Europe; or Places I have seen and People I Have Met (London, 1852).
Burritt, Elihu. Twenty Reasons for the Total Abstinence from Slave Produce (London, n.d. [1853?]).
Buxton, Thomas Fowell. The African Slave Trade (London, 1839).
——. The African Slave Trade and Its Remedy, 2nd ed. (London, 1840).
——. Letter on the Slave Trade to the Lord Viscount Melbourne (London, 1838).
——. The Remedy (London, 1840).
Cairnes, John Elliot. The Slave Power, 2nd ed. (London, 1863).
Carlyle, Thomas. Occasional Discourse on the Nigger Question (London, 1853).
——. Shooting Niagara–and after? (London, 1867).
——. “Thomas Carlyle to Beverley Tucker, 21 Oct. 1850,” reprinted in Harper’s Magazine, Oct. 1885, 797–800.
Carpenter, Russell Lant. Observations on American Slavery, After a Year’s Tour in the United States (London, 1852).
Carter, Sir Gilbert. “The Colony of Lagos.” Proceedings of the Royal Colonial Institute 28 (1896–97), 275–305.
Channing, William E. Thoughts on the Evils of a Spirit of Conquest, and on Slavery (London, 1837).
Church Missionary Society. The Slave Trade of East Africa (London, 1868).
Clarkson, Thomas. The History of the Rise, Progress, and Accomplishment of the Abolition of the African Slave-Trade by the British Parliament (London, 1839 ).
[Cobbe, Frances Power]. Rejoinder to Mrs. Stowe’s Reply to the Address of the Women of England (London, 1863).
Cobden, John C. The White Slaves of England: Compiled from Official Documents (New York, 1860).
Conder, Josiah. The Choir and the Oratory (London, 1837).
Copley, Esther. A History of Slavery and its Abolition, 2nd ed. (London, 1844)
Crowther, Samuel, and Henry Townsend. Slave Trade–African Squadron, Letters from the Rev. Samuel Crowther, A Native of the Yoruba Country, and a Clergyman of the Church of England at Abbeokuta and the Rev. Henry Townsend of the Church Missionary Society at Abbeokuta (London, 1850).
Cruikshank, Brodie. Eighteen Years on the Gold Coast, 2 vols. (London, 1853).
Cruikshank, Robert. The Condition of the West India Slave Contrasted with that of the Infant Slave in our English Factories (London, n.d.).
Denman, Joseph. Practical Remarks on the Slave Trade of the West Coast of Africa (London, 1839).
——. The Slave Trade, The African Squadron and Mr. Hutt’s Committee (N.p, n.d [1849?]).
——. West India Interests, African Emigration, and Slave Trade (Worcester, 1848).
Denman, Lord Thomas. The Destruction of Lagos (London, 1852).
——. Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Bleak House, Slavery and the Slave Trade (London, 1853).
Dickens, Charles. American Notes for General Circulation, ed. Patricia Ingham (London, 2000 ).
Disraeli, Benjamin. Lord George Bentinck (London, 1852).
Ellison, Thomas. Slavery and Secession in America, Historical and Economical; Together with a Practical Scheme of Emancipation, 2nd ed. (London, 1862 ).
Elton, J. Frederic. Travels and Researches Among the Lakes and Mountains and Central Africa: From the Journals of the Late J. Frederic Elton, FRGS, ed. H. B. Cotterill (London, 1879).
Estlin, J. B. A Brief Notice of American Slavery and the Abolition Movement (London, 1853).
Free Church Alliance with Manstealers: Send Back the Money (Glasgow, 1846).
The Free Church and Her Accusers: The Question at Issue (Glasgow, 1846).
Free Trade in Negroes (London, 1849).
Froude, James. The English in the West Indies, Or the Bow of Ulysses, 2 vols. (London, 1888).
Garrison, Wendell Phillips, and Francis Jackson Garrison. William Lloyd Garrison: The Story of his life, told by his children, 4 vols. (New York, 1885–89).
Gordon, Ann D., ed. The Selected Papers of Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony (New Brunswick, N.J., 1997).
Grattan, Thomas Colley. England and the Disrupted States of America (London, 1861).
Hammond, James Henry. Letter of his Excellency Governor Hammond to the Free Church of Glasgow on the Subject of Slavery (Columbia, S.C., 1844).
Haydon, Benjamin Robert. The Diary of Benjamin Robert Haydon, ed. Willard Bissell Pope, 5 vols. (Cambridge, Mass., 1963).
Helps, Sir Arthur. The Spanish Conquest in America and its Relation to the History of Slavery and the Government of the Colonies, 4 vols. (London, 1855–61).
[Helps, Arthur]. “The author of ‘Friends in Council.’ ” A Letter on Uncle Tom’s Cabin (Cambridge, 1852).
Henson, Josiah. Father Henson’s Story of His Own Life (Boston, Mass., 1858).
Hollis, Patricia, ed. Class and Class Conflict in Nineteenth-Century England, 1815–1850 (London, 1976).
Huntley, H. V. Observations upon the Free Trade Policy of England in Connexion with the Sugar Act of 1846 (London, 1849).
Hutchinson, Edward. The Slave Trade of East Africa (London, 1874).
Hutchinson, Thomas. Impressions of Western Africa (London, 1858).
Innes, John. Thoughts on the Present State of the West India Colonies (London, 1840).
James, G. P. R. The Old Dominion, 3 vols. (London, 1856).
Johnston, Sir Harry H. British Central Africa: An Attempt to Give Some Account of the Territories Under British Influence North of the Zambezi (London, 1897).
——. “The British Central Africa Protectorate.” Geographical Journal 5 (1895): 193–214.
——. “British West Africa and the Trade of the Interior.” Proceedings of the Royal Colonial Institute 20 (1889): 90–111.
——. “England’s Work in Central Africa.” Proceedings of the Royal Colonial Institute 28 (1896–97): 50–75.
——.A History of the Colonization of Africa by Alien Races (Cambridge, 1899).
Kidd, Benjamin. Social Evolution (London, 1894).
Kingston, William. Blue Jackets or, Chips of the Old Block: A Narrative of the Gallant Exploits (London, 2006 ).
Laird, Macgregor, and R. A. K. Oldfield. Narrative of an Expedition into the Interior of Africa, 2 vols. (London, 1837).
Landor, Henry. The Best Way to Stop the Slave Trade (London, 1850).
Lecky, W. E. H. The Natural History of European Morals, 2 vols. (London, 1869).
Livingstone, Charles, and David Livingstone. Narrative of an Expedition to the Zambesi and its Tributaries (London, 1865).
Livingstone, David. Livingstone’s Last Journals, ed. Horace Waller, 2 vols. (London, 1874).
——. Missionary Travels and Researches in South Africa (London, 1857).
Lobb, John. The Young People’s Illustrated Edition of Uncle Tom’s Story of his Life (from 1789 to 1877) (London, 1877).
Lothian, Marquis of. The Confederate Secession (London, 1864).
Lovett, William. The Life and Struggles of William Lovett, ed. R. H. Tawney, 2 vols. (New York, 1920 [London, 1876]).
Lugard, Frederick. The Diaries of Lord Lugard, ed. Margery Perham, 4 vols. (Evanston, Ill., 1959).
——. The Rise of Our East African Empire: Early Efforts in Nyasaland and Uganda (London, 1893).
——. “Slavery in All its Forms.” Africa 6 (1933): 1–14.
Lyell, Charles. A Second Visit to the United States of North America, 2 vols. (London, 1849).
——. Travels in North America with Geological Observations on the United States, Canada and Nova Scotia, 2 vols. (London, 1845).
Maine, Henry. Ancient Law: Its Connection with the Early History of Society and its Relation to Modern Ideas, 3rd American ed. (New York, 1873 [London, 1861]).
Marryat, Frederick. A Diary in America, 3 vols. (London, 1839).
Martineau, Harriet. Society in America, 3 vols. (New York, 1966 [London, 1837]).
Marx, Karl, and Frederick Engels. The Collected Works of Karl Marx and Frederick Engels (47 vols. to date, London, 1978–).
The Massacres at Dahomey (n.p., n.d. [1862?]) [JJC, Slavery 2].
Melbourne, Lord. Lord Melbourne’s Papers, ed. L. C. Sanders (London, 1880).
Memorandum by the Earl of Minto. Inserted in Bodleian Library’s copy of T. F. Buxton, A Letter on the Slave Trade (London, 1838), Bod., shelfmark: Bod. 2475 d.67.
Merivale, Herman. Lectures on Colonization and Colonies, 2 vols. (London, 1840–41).
Mill, J. S. Dissertations and Discussions: Political, Philosophical, and Historical, 3 vols. (Boston, 1865 [4 vols., London, 1859–79).
——. Principles of Political Economy, 2 vols. (London, 1848).
Mitchell, D. W. Ten Years Residence in the United States (London, 1862).
Mortimer, Mrs. Favell Lee. Far Off; or Africa and America Described, 2 vols. (London, 1854).
Murray, Amelia. Letters from the United States, Cuba and Canada (London, 1857).
New, Charles. Life, Wanderings, and Labours in Eastern Africa (London, 1874).
Newbury, C. W., ed. British Policy towards West Africa: Select Documents 1875–1914 (Oxford, 1971).
Omnium, Jacob. Is Cheap Sugar The Triumph of Free Trade? (London, 1847).
“One of the Protestant party.” Random Recollections of Exeter Hall (London, 1838).
“Philo-Americanus.” The American Struggle: An Appeal to the People of the North (London, 1862).
“A Plain Man.” The True State of the Question (London, 1792).
“A Poor Peacemaker.” The Slavery Quarrel (London, 1863).
Porter, G. R. The Progress of the Nation, in its Various Social and Economical Relations (London, 1843 ).
“A resident in the West Indies for thirteen years.” The British West India Colonies (London, 1853).
Ritchie, James Ewing. Thoughts on Slavery and Cheap Sugar (London, 1844).
Ripley, C. Peter, ed. The Black Abolitionist Papers, 5 vols. (London, 1985).
Russell, Henry. Henry Russell’s New and Vocal Pictorial Entertainment entitled The Far West or the Emigrants’ Progress from the Old World to the New and Negro Life! (London, n.d.).
Russell, R. W. America Compared with England: The Respective Social Effects of the American and English Systems of Government and Legislation (London, 1849).
Scoble, John. Great Exhibition and American Slavery (n.p., 1850).
——. Texas: Its Claims to be Recognised as an Independent Power by Great Britain Examined in a Series of Letters (London, 1839).
Sherard, Robert Harborough. The Child Slaves of Britain (London, 1905).
——. The White Slaves of England (London, 1895).
Sim, Arthur. The Life and Letters of Arthur Fraser Sim: Priest in the Universities’ Mission to Central Africa (London, 1896).
“Slave Life!” 1852 broadside advertisement [GLC, GLC05508].
Slave Sugar In A Nutshell (London, 1850).
Society for the Extinction of the Slave Trade and for the Civilization of Africa. Prospectus of the Society for the Extinction of the Slave Trade, and for the Civilization of Africa (London, 1840). (p.272)
Spence, James. The American Union (London, 1861).
Stephen, Sir George [“A Barrister”]. Analysis of the Evidence Given Before the Select Committee on the Slave Trade (London, 1850).
——. Antislavery Recollections: In a Series of Letters addressed to Mrs. Beecher Stowe, at Her Request (London, 1854).
——. Introduction to American Slavery Discussed in Congress, ed. George Stephen (London, 1853), i–xxxvi.
——. The Niger Trade Considered in Connection with the African Blockade (London, 1849).
Stevenson, James. The Water Highways of the Interior of Africa, with notes on Slave Hunting and the means of its Suppression (Glasgow, 1883).
Stirling, James. Letters from the Slave States (London, 1857).
Sturge, Joseph, and Thomas Harvey. The West Indies in 1837: Being a Visit to Antigua, Montserrat, Dominica, St. Lucia, Barbados and Jamaica (London, 1838).
Tait, William. Slave-Trade Overruled for the Salvation of Africa (London, 1851).
Taylor, Clare, ed. British and American Abolitionists: An Episode in Transatlantic Understanding (Edinburgh, 1974).
“T. H.” Are the West India Colonies to be Preserved? (London, 1840).
Thomas, Rev. Alfred C. Prayer Sympathy Invoked for America: A Sermon Preached at Cross Street Chapel, Islington (Philadelphia, 1863).
Thompson, George, and Henry C. Wright. The Free Church of Scotland and American Slavery (Edinburgh, 1846).
Tillotson, John. Tales About Animals (London, 1858).
Trimble, Robert. The Negro, North and South (London, 1863).
Trollope, Anthony. The West Indies and the Spanish Main (London, 1859).
Trollope, Frances. Domestic Manners of the Americans, 5th ed. (London, 1839 ).
Turnbull, David. The Jamaica Movement (London, 1849).
——. Travels in the West (London, 1840; facsimile New York, 1969).
Uncle Tom in England (London, 1852).
Uncle Tom’s Cabin Almanack, or Abolitionist Momento (London, 1853).
Waller, Horace. The Case of Our Zanzibar Slaves; Why Not Liberate Them? (London, 1896).
——. Ivory, Apes, Peacocks: An African Contemplation (London, 1891).
——. Nyassaland: Great Britain’s Case against Portugal (London, 1890).
Ward, Samuel Ringgold. Autobiography of a Fugitive Negro: His Anti-Slavery Labours in the United States, Canada and England (London, 1855).
Webster, Daniel. The Works of Daniel Webster, ed. Edward Everett, 6th ed., 6 vols. (Boston, 1853 ).
Whately, Richard. Life and Correspondence of Richard Whately, ed. E. J. Whately, 2 vols. (London, 1866).
Wheeler, George B., ed. The Southern Confederacy and the African Slave Trade: The Correspondence between Professor Cairnes, A.M., and George McHenry Esq. (Dublin, 1863).
Whittier, John Greenleaf. Poems Written During the Progress of the Abolition Question in the United States, Between 1830 and 1838 (Boston, 1837).
Wilberforce, Samuel. Cheap Sugar Means Cheap Slaves (London, 1848).
Willard, Joseph. Letter to an English Friend on the Rebellion in the United States and British Policy (Boston, 1863).
William Craft’s Mission to Dahomey (n.p., n.d. [1863?]) [JJC, Slavery 2].
Williams, James. A Narrative of Events, Since the First of August, 1834, by James Williams, An Apprenticed Labourer in Jamaica, ed. Diana Paton (Durham, N.C., 2001 [London, 1837]).
Wood, Marcus, ed. The Poetry of Slavery: An Anglo-American Anthology (Oxford, 2003).
Adams, Ephraim Douglass. British Interests and Activities in Texas, 1838–1846 (Baltimore, Md., 1910).
Adderley, Rosanne Marion. “New Negroes from Africa”: Slave Trade Abolition and Free African Settlement in the Nineteenth-Century Caribbean (Bloomington, Ind., 2006).
Afigbo, A. E. The Abolition of the Slave Trade in Southeastern Nigeria, 1885–1950 (Rochester, N.Y., 2006).
Ali, Abbas Ibrahim Muhammad. The British, the Slave Trade and Slavery in the Sudan, 1820–1881 (Khartoum, Sudan, 1972).
Allain, Jean. “The Definition of Slavery in International Law.” Howard Law Journal 52 (2009): 239–75.
Allen, Bernard M. “Livingstone and Gordon.” Journal of the Royal African Society 40 (1941): 121–27.
Allen, Richard B. “Suppressing a Nefarious Traffic: Britain and the Abolition of Slave Trading in India and the Western Indian Ocean, 1770–1830.” William and Mary Quarterly, 3rd ser., 66 (2009): 873–94.
Altick, Richard. The English Common Reader: A Social History of the Mass Reading Public, 1800–1900, 2nd ed. (Columbus, Ohio1998).
——. Punch: The Lively Youth of a British Institution 1841–51 (Columbus, Ohio, 1997).
——. The Shows of London (Cambridge, Mass., 1978).
Anderson, Michael. “India, 1858–1930: The Illusion of Free Labor.” In Masters, Servants, and Magistrates in Britain and the Empire, 1562–1955, edited by Douglas Hay and Paul Craven, 422–54 (Chapel Hill, N.C., 2004).
Ansdell, Douglas B. A. “William Lloyd Garrison’s Ambivalent Approach to Labour Reform.” Journal of American Studies 24 (1990): 402–7.
Anstey, Roger T. Britain and the Congo in the Nineteenth Century (Oxford, 1962).
——.“Capitalism and Slavery—A Critique.” Economic History Review, 2nd ser., 21 (1968): 307–20.
Asiegbu, Johnson U. J. “The Dynamics of Freedom: A Study of Liberated African Emigration and British Antislavery Policy.” Journal of Black Studies 7 (1976): 95–106.
——. Slavery and the Politics of Liberation: A Study of Liberated African Emigration and British Anti-Slavery Policy (London, 1969).
Auerbach, Jeffery A. The Great Exhibition of 1851: A Nation on Display (New Haven, Conn., 1999).
Austen, Ralph A., and Woodruff D. Smith. “Images of Africa and British Slave-Trade Abolition: The Transition to an Imperialist Ideology, 1787–1807.” African Historical Studies 2 (1969): 69–83.
Baer, Gabriel. “Slavery in Nineteenth Century Egypt.” Journal of African History 8 (1967): 417–41.
Baker, Colin. “Tax Collection in Malawi: an Administrative History, 1891–1972.” International Journal of African Historical Studies 8 (1975): 40–62.
Bartley, Paula. Prostitution: Prevention and Reform in England, 1860–1914 (London, 2000).
Beachey, R. W. The Slave Trade of Eastern Africa (London, 1976).
Bebbington, D. W. “Review of G. I. T. Machin, Politics and the Churches in Great Britain (Oxford, 1977), and Robert Currie, Alan Gilbert, and Lee Horsley, Churches and Churchgoers: Patterns of Church Growth in the British Isles since 1700 (Oxford, 1977).” HJ 21 (1978): 1013–16.
Beckert, Sven. “Emancipation and Empire: Reconstructing the Worldwide Web of Cotton Production in the Age of the American Civil War.” American Historical Review 109 (2004): 1405–38.
Bell, Duncan. The Idea of Greater Britain: Empire and the Future of World Order, 1860–1900 (Princeton, 2007).
Bellows, Donald. “A Study of British Conservative Reaction to the American Civil War.” Journal of Southern History 51 (1985): 505–26.
Bender, Thomas, ed. The Antislavery Debate: Capitalism and Abolitionism as a Problem in Historical Interpretation (Berkeley, 1992).
Berger, Max. “American Slavery as Seen by British Visitors, 1836–1860.” Journal of Negro History 30 (1945): 181–201.
Berry, Sara. “Hegemony on a Shoestring: Indirect Rule and Access to Agricultural Land.” Africa 62 (1992): 327–55.
Bethell, Leslie. The Abolition of the Brazilian Slave Trade: Britain, Brazil and the Slave Trade Question 1807–1869 (Cambridge, 1970).
——. “Britain, Portugal and the Suppression of the Brazilian Slave Trade: The Origins of Lord Palmerston’s Act of 1839.” EHR 80 (1965): 761–84.
——. “The Independence of Brazil and the Abolition of the Brazilian Slave Trade: Anglo-Brazilian Relations, 1822–1826.” Journal of Latin American Studies 1 (1969): 115–47.
——. “The Mixed Commissions for Suppression of the Slave Trade in the Nineteenth Century.” Journal of African History 7 (1966): 79–93.
Bisset, Alexis. “Wilson Armistead and the Leeds Anti-Slavery Association” (BA thesis, Leeds University, 2007).
Blackett, R. J. M. Beating against the Barriers: The Lives of Six Nineteenth-Century Afro-Americans (Ithaca, N.Y., 1989).
——. Building an Anti-Slavery Wall: Black Americans in the Atlantic Abolitionist Movement, 1830–1860 (Baton Rouge, La., 1983).
——. “Cracks in the Antislavery Wall: Frederick Douglass’s Second Visit to England (1859–60) and the Coming of the Civil War.” In Liberating Sojourn: Frederick Douglass & Transatlantic Reform, edited by Alan J. Rice and Martin Crawford, 187–206 (Athens, Ga., 1999).
——. Divided Hearts: Britain and the American Civil War (Baton Rouge, La., 2001).
Boritt, Gabor S. “Punch Lincoln: Some Thoughts on Cartoons in the Magazine.” Journal of the Abraham Lincoln Association 15 (1994): 1–22.
Bosschep, Chris R. Vanden. Carlyle and the Search for Authority (Columbus, Ohio, 1991).
Boulukos, George. The Grateful Slave: The Emergence of Race in Eighteenth-Century British and American Culture (Cambridge, 2008).
Bradbury, Richard. “Frederick Douglass and the Chartists.” In Liberating Sojourn: Frederick Douglass & Transatlantic Reform, edited by Alan J. Rice and Martin Crawford, 169–86 (Athens, Ga., 1999).
Brantlinger, Patrick. Rule of Darkness: British Literature and Imperialism, 1830–1914 (Ithaca, N.Y., 1988).
Bratton, J. S. “English Ethiopians: British Audiences and Black-Face Acts, 1835–65.” Yearbook of English Studies 11 (1981): 127–42.
Brauer, Kinley J. “The Slavery Problem in the Diplomacy of the American Civil War.” Pacific Historical Review 46 (1977): 439–69.
Brent, Richard. Liberal Anglican Politics: Whiggery, Religion and Reform 1830–1841 (Oxford, 1987).
Bridges, Roy. “Prelude to the Partition of East Africa.” In Imperialism, Decolonisation and Africa, edited by Roy Bridges, 65–113 (Basingstoke, Hampshire, 2000).
Brown, Christopher Leslie. Moral Capital: Foundations of British Abolitionism (Chapel Hill, N.C., 2006).
Brown, Laurence. “Inter-colonial Migration and the Refashioning of Indentured Labour: Arthur Gordon in Trinidad, Mauritius and Fiji (1866–1880).” In Colonial Lives across the British Empire: Imperial Careering in the Long Nineteenth Century, edited by David Lambert and Alan Lester, 204–27 (Cambridge, 2006).
Brown, Robert T. “Fernando Po and the Anti–Sierra Leonean Campaign: 1826–1834.” International Journal of African Studies 6 (1973): 249–64.
Burbank, Jane, and Frederick Cooper. Empires in World History: Power and the Politics of Difference (Princeton, 2010).
Burns, Arthur, and Joanna Innes, eds. Rethinking the Age of Reform: Britain 1780–1850 (Cambridge, 2003).
Burton, Antoinette. “New Narratives of Imperial Politics in the Nineteenth Century.” In At Home with the Empire: Metropolitan Culture and the Imperial World, edited by Catherine Hall and Sonya O. Rose, 212–29 (Cambridge, 2006).
——. “States of Injury: Josephine Butler on Slavery, Citizenship, and the Boer War.” Social Politics 5 (1998): 338–61
Buxton, Sydney. Finance and Politics: An Historical Study 1763–1885, 2 vols. (London, 1888).
Cairns, H. Alan. Prelude to Imperialism: British Reactions to Central African Society 1840–1890 (London, 1965).
Campbell, Duncan Andrew. English Public Opinion and the American Civil War (Wood-bridge, Suffolk, 2003).
——. “Palmerston and the American Civil War.” In Palmerston Studies II, edited by David Brown and Miles Taylor, 144–67 (Southampton, 2007).
Canadian Dictionary of National Biography [DCB/DBS], John English and Réal Bélanger, eds. (2003–present) [http://www.biographi.ca].
Canney, Donald L. Africa Squadron: The U.S. Navy and the Slave Trade, 1842–1861 (Washington, D.C., 2006).
Carey, Brycchan. British Abolitionism and the Rhetoric of Sensibility: Writing, Sentiment, and Slavery, 1760–1807 (Basingstoke, Hampshire, 2005).
Chamberlain, M. E. “Clement Hill’s Memorandum and the British Interest in East Africa.” EHR 87 (1972): 533–47.
Chase, Malcolm. Chartism: A New History (Manchester, 2007).
Claeys, Gregory. “The ‘Left’ and the Critique of Empire, c. 1865–1900: Three Roots of Humanitarian Foreign Policy.” In Victorian Visions of Global Order: Empire and International Relations in Nineteenth-Century Political Thought, edited by Duncan Bell, 239–66 (Cambridge, 2007).
Cole, G. D. H. Chartist Portraits (London, 1941).
Coleman, Deidre. Romantic Colonization and British Anti-Slavery (Cambridge, 2005).
Coleman, Willi. “ ‘Like Hot Lead to Pour on the Americans … ’: Sarah Redmond Parker— From Salem, Mass., to the British Isles.” In Women’s Rights and Transatlantic Antislavery in the Era of Emancipation, edited by Kathryn Kish Sklar and James Brewer Stewart, 173–88 (New Haven, Conn., 2007).
Colley, Linda. Britons: Forging the Nation 1707–1837, rev. ed. (New Haven, Conn., 2009 ).
Collinge, J. M. Office-Holders in Modern Britain: Volume 8: Foreign Office Officials 1782–1870 (London, 1979).
Comaroff, Jean, and John Comaroff. Of Revelation and Revolution, 2 vols. (Chicago, Ill., 1991–97).
Conrad, Robert. “Neither Slave nor Free: The Emancipados of Brazil, 1818–1868.” Hispanic American Review 53 (1973): 50–70.
Cooper, Frederick. “Conditions Analogous to Slavery: Imperialism and Free Labor Ideology in Africa.” In Beyond Slavery: Explorations of Race, Labor, and Citizenship in Postemancipation Societies, edited by Frederick Cooper, Thomas C. Holt, and Rebecca J. Scott, 107–49 (Chapel Hill, N.C., 2000).
——. “From Free Labor to Family Allowances: Labor and African Society in Colonial Discourse.” American Ethnologist 16 (1989): 745–65.
——. From Slaves to Squatters: Plantation Labour and Agriculture in Zanzibar and Coastal Kenya, 1890–1925 (New Haven, Conn., 1980).
——. “Networks, Moral Discourse, and History.” In Intervention and Transnationalism in Africa: Global-Local Networks of Power, edited by Thomas Callaghy, Ronald Kassimir, and Robert Latham, 23–46 (Cambridge, 2001).
——. Plantation Slavery on the East Coast of Africa (Portsmouth, N.H., 1997).
Coupland, Reginald. The Exploitation of East Africa, 1856–1890: The Slave Trade and the Scramble (London, 1939).
Craton, Michael. Sinews of Empire (London, 1974).
Crawford, Martin. The Anglo-American Crisis of the Mid-Nineteenth Century: The Times and America, 1850–62 (Athens, Ga., 1962).
Crofts, Daniel W. A Secession Crisis Enigma: William Henry Hulbert and “The Diary of a Public Man” (Baton Rouge, La., 2010).
Crook, D. P. “Portents of War: English Opinion on Secession.” Journal of American Studies 4 (1971): 163–79.
Crowder, Michael. West Africa under Colonial Rule (London, 1968).
——. Chattel Slavery and Wage Slavery: The Anglo-American Context 1830–60 (Athens, Ga., 1979).
Curthoys, Mark. Governments, Labour, and the Law in Mid-Victorian Britain: The Trade Union Legislation of the 1870s (Oxford, 2004).
Curtin, Philip D. “The British Sugar Duties and West Indian Prosperity.” Journal of Economic History 14 (1954): 157–64.
——. The Image of Africa (London, 1965).
Darwin, John. The Empire Project: The Rise and Fall of the British World-System (Cambridge, 2009).
——. “Imperialism and the Victorians: The Dynamics of Territorial Expansion.” EHR 112 (1997): 614–42.
Davis, David Brion. “Declaring Equality: Sisterhood and Slavery.” In Women’s Rights and Transatlantic Antislavery in the Era of Emancipation, edited by Kathryn Kish Sklar and James Brewer Stewart, 3–18 (New Haven, Conn., 2007).
——. “The Emergence of Immediatism in British and American Antislavery Thought.” Mississippi Valley Historical Review 49 (1962): 209–30.
——. Inhuman Bondage: The Rise and Fall of Slavery in the New World (Oxford, 2006).
——. In the Image of God: Religion, Moral Values, and Our Heritage of Slavery (New Haven, Conn., 2001).
——. The Problem of Slavery in the Age of Revolution 1770–1823 (New York, 1999 [Ithaca, N.Y., 1975]).
——. “Review: Antislavery or Abolition?” Reviews in American History 1 (1973): 95–99.
——. Slavery and Human Progress (New York, 1984).
Desmond, Adrian, and James Moore. Darwin’s Sacred Cause: How a Hatred of Slavery Shaped Darwin’s Views on Human Evolution (Boston, 2009).
Dickie, John. The British Consul: Heir to a Great Tradition (London, 1997).
Dierksheide, Christa. “ ‘Capable of Improvement’: Commerce, Christianity, and the Idea of an Independent Africa, c. 1740–1810.” (Unpublished paper, International Seminar on the History of the Atlantic World, Harvard University, 2006).
Dike, K. Onwuka. Trade and Politics in the Niger Delta (Oxford, 1966 ).
Dimock, Elizabeth. “Women, Missions and Modernity: From Anti-Slavery to Missionary Zeal, 1780s to 1840s.” Itinerario 34 (2010): 53–66.
Dooling, Wayne. Slavery, Emancipation and Colonial Rule in South Africa (Athens, Ohio, 2007).
Dorsey, Joseph C. Slave Traffic in the Age of Abolition: Puerto Rico, West Africa and the Non-Hispanic Caribbean, 1815–59 (Gainesville, Fla., 2003).
Doyle, Mary Ellen. “Joseph Henson’s Narrative: Before and After.” Negro American Literature Forum 8 (1974): 176–83.
Draper, Nicholas. The Price of Emancipation: Slave-Ownership, Compensation and British Society at the End of Slavery (Cambridge, 2010).
Drescher, Seymour. Abolition: A History of Slavery and Antislavery (Cambridge, 2009)
——. “Brazilian Abolition in Comparative Perspective.” In The Abolition of Slavery and the Aftermath of Emancipation in Brazil, edited by Rebecca J. Scott, 23–54 (Durham, N.C., 1995).
——. Capitalism and Antislavery: British Popular Mobilization in Comparative Perspective (New York, 1987).
——. “Cart Whip and Billy Roller: Antislavery and Reform Symbolism in Industrializing Britain.” Journal of Social History 15 (1981): 3–24.
——. “The Ending of the Slave Trade and the Evolution of European Scientific Racism.” Social Science History 14 (1990): 415–50.
——. “John Brown’s Body in Europe.” Journal of American History 80 (1993): 499–524.
——. The Mighty Experiment: Free Labour versus Slavery in British Emancipation (Oxford, 2004).
——. “Women’s Mobilization in the Era of Slave Emancipation: Some Anglo-French Comparisons.” In Women’s Rights and Transatlantic Antislavery in the Era of Emancipation, edited by Kathryn Kish Sklar and James Brewer Stewart, 98–120 (New Haven, Conn., 2007).
Driver, Cecil. Tory Radical: The Life of Richard Oastler (New York, 1946).
Driver, Felix. “Henry Morton Stanley and His Critics: Geography, Exploration and Empire.” Past & Present 133 (1991): 134–166.
Dumett, Raymond. “Joseph Chamberlain, Imperial Finance and Railway Policy in British West Africa in the Late Nineteenth Century.” EHR 90 (1975): 287–321.
——. “Pressure Groups, Bureaucracy, and the Decision-making Process: The Case of Slavery Abolition and Colonial Expansion in the Gold Coast, 1874.” JICH 9 (1981): 193–215.
Dumett, Raymond, and Marion Johnson. “Britain and the Suppression of Slavery in the Gold Coast Colony, Ashanti, and the Northern Territories.” In The End of Slavery in Africa, edited by Suzanne Miers and Richard Roberts, 71–116 (London, 1988).
Elbourne, Elizabeth. Blood Ground: Colonialism, Missions, and the Contest for Christianity in the Cape Colony and Britain, 1799–1853 (Montreal, 2002).
Ellison, Mary. Support for Secession: Lancashire and the Civil War (Chicago, 1972)
Eltis, David. “Abolitionist Perceptions of Society after Slavery.” In Slavery and British Society, 1776–1846, edited by James Walvin, 195–213 (Baton Rouge, La., 1982).
——. Economic Growth and the Ending of the Transatlantic Slave Trade (New York, 1987)
Emery, F. V. “Geography and Imperialism: The Role of Sir Bartle Frere.” Geographical Journal 150 (1984): 342–50.
Emmer, Pieter. “ ‘A Spirit of Independence’ or Lack of Education for the Market? Freedmen and Asian Indentured Labourers in the Post-Emancipation Caribbean, 1834–1917.” Slavery and Abolition 21 (2000): 150–68.
Engerman, Stanley L. “Servants to Slaves: Contract Labour and European Expansion.” In Colonialism and Migration: Indentured Labour before and after Slavery, edited by Pieter Emmer, 263–94 (Dordrecht, Netherlands, 1986).
——. “Slavery, Freedom, and Sen.” Feminist Economics 9 (2003): 185–211.
Enkvist, Niks Erik. “The Octoroon and English Opinions of Slavery.” American Quarterly 8 (1956): 166–70.
Erdem, Yusuf. “Slavery in the Ottoman Empire and Its Demise” (DPhil thesis, Oxford University, 1993)
Etemad, Bouda. “Economic Relations between Europe and black Africa, c.1780–1936: A Quantitative Analysis.” In From Slave Trade to Empire: Europe and the Colonisation of Black Africa, 1780s–1880s, edited by Olivier Pétré-Grenouilleau, 69–81 (Abingdon, Oxfordshire, 2004).
Etherington, Norman. “Frederic Elton and the South African Factor in the Making of Britain’s East African Empire.” JICH 2 (1981): 255–74.
Falola, Toyin. Colonialism and Violence in Nigeria (Bloomington, Ind., 2009).
——. “The End of Slavery among the Yoruba.” Slavery and Abolition 19 (1998): 232–49.
Falola, Toyin, and Matthew M. Heaton. A History of Nigeria (Cambridge, 2008).
Farrison, William. William Wells Brown: Author and Reformer (Chicago, Ill., 1969).
Fehrenbacher, Don. The Slaveholding Republic: An Account of the United States Government’s Relationship with Slavery (New York, 2001).
Fieldhouse, D. K. Economics and Empire 1830–1914 (London, 1973).
Finn, Margot. “Slaves out of Context: Domestic Slavery and the Anglo-Indian Family, c. 1780–1830.” Transactions of the Royal Historical Society 19 (2009): 181–203.
Fisch, Audrey. American Slaves in Victorian England (Cambridge, 2000).
——. “ ‘Exhibiting Uncle Tom in Some Shape or Other’: The Commodification and Reception of Uncle Tom’s Cabin in England.” Nineteenth-Century Contexts 17 (1993): 145–58.
Fisher, Humphrey J. “Review of Johnson U.J. Asiegbu, Slavery and the Politics of Liberation (London, 1969).” Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 34 (1971): 188–90.
Fladeland, Betty. Men and Brothers: Anglo-American Antislavery Cooperation (Chicago, Ill., 1972).
——. “ ‘Our Cause being One and the Same’: Abolitionists and Chartism.” In Slavery and British Society 1776–1846, edited by James Walvin, 69–99 (London, 1982).
Fogel, Robert W. “The Origin and History of Economic Issues in the American Slavery Debate.” In Without Consent or Contract: The Rise and Fall of American Slavery; Evidence and Methods, edited by Robert W. Fogel, Ralph A. Galantine, and Richard L. Manning, 161–63 (New York, 1992).
Follett, Richard R. “After Emancipation: Thomas Fowell Buxton and Evangelical Politics in the 1830s.” PH 27 (2008): 119–29.
Foner, Eric. Free Soil, Free Labor, Free Men: The Ideology of the Republican Party before the Civil War (Oxford, 1970).
Foner, Philip. British Labor and the American Civil War (New York, 1981).
Franzmann, Tom L. “Antislavery and Political Economy in the Early Victorian House of Commons: A Research Note on ‘Capitalist Hegemony’.” Journal of Social History 27 (1994): 579–93.
Freeden, Michael. Ideologies and Political Theory: A Conceptual Approach (Oxford, 1996).
——. “Ideology and Political Theory.” Journal of Political Ideologies 11 (2006): 3–22.
Fulton, Richard D. “The London Times and the Anglo-American Boarding Dispute of 1858.” Nineteenth-Century Contexts 17 (1993): 133–44.
Galbraith, John S. Crown and Charter: The Early Years of the British South Africa Company (Berkeley, 1974).
——. Mackinnon and East Africa 1878–1895: A Study in the “New Imperialism” (Cambridge, 1972).
——. Reluctant Empire: British Policy on the South African Frontier, 1834–1854 (Berkeley, 1963).
Galeson, David W. “The Rise and Fall of Indentured Servitude in the Americas: An Economic Analysis.” Journal of Economic History 44 (1984): 1–26.
Gallagher, John. “Fowell Buxton and the New African Policy, 1838–1842.” Cambridge Historical Journal 10 (1950): 36–58.
Gallagher, John, and Ronald Robinson. “The Imperialism of Free Trade.” Economic History Review, 2nd ser., 6 (1953): 1–15.
Gavin, R. J. “The Bartle Frere Mission to Zanzibar, 1873.” HJ 5 (1962): 122–48.
Geiss, Imanuel. “Free Trade, Internationalization of the Congo Basin, and the Principle of Effective Occupation.” In Bismarck, Europe, and Africa: The Berlin Africa Conference 1884–1885 and the Onset of Partition, edited by Stig Förster, Wolfgang J. Mommsen, and Ronald Robinson, 263–80 (Oxford, 1988).
Gleadle, Kathryn. The Early Feminists: Radical Unitarians and the Emergence of the Women’s Rights Movement (Basingstoke, Hampshire, 1995).
Goldman, Lawrence. “ ‘A Total Misconception’: Lincoln, the Civil War, and the British.” In The Global Lincoln, edited by Richard Carwardine and Jay Sexton, 107–22 (New York, 2011).
Gordon, David M. “The Abolition of the Slave Trade and the Transformation of the South-Central African Interior during the Nineteenth Century.” William and Mary Quarterly, 3rd ser., 66 (2009): 915–38.
Gossman, Norbert J. “William Cuffay: London’s Black Chartist.” Phylon 44 (1983): 56–65.
Grant, Kevin. A Civilised Savagery: Britain and the New Slaveries in Africa, 1884–1926 (New York, 2005).
Green, Abigail. “The British Empire and the Jews.” Past and Present 199 (May 2008): 175–205.
Green, William A. British Slave Emancipation: The Sugar Colonies and the Great Experiment 1830–1865 (Oxford, 1976).
——. “The West Indies and British West African Policy in the Nineteenth Century—A Corrective Comment.” Journal of African History 15 (1974): 247–59.
Griffiths, Tudor. “Bishop Alfred Tucker and the Establishment of a British Protectorate in Uganda 1890–94.” Journal of Religion in Africa 31 (2001): 92–114.
Grogan, Lady. Reginald Bosworth Smith: A Memoir (London, 1909).
Gross, Izhak. “Parliament and the Abolition of Negro Apprenticeship, 1835–1838.” EHR 96 (1981): 560–76.
Hall, Catherine. Civilising Subjects: Metropole and Colony in the English Imagination 1830–67 (Oxford, 2002).
Hall, Catherine, and Sonya O. Rose, eds. At Home with the Empire: Metropolitan Culture and the Imperial World (Cambridge, 2006).
Hamand, Wendy F. “ ‘No Voice from England’: Mrs. Stowe, Mr. Lincoln, and the British in the Civil War.” New England Quarterly 61 (1988): 3–24.
Hamilton, Keith. “Zealots and Helots: The Slave Trade Department of the Nineteenth-Century Foreign Office.” In Slavery, Diplomacy and Empire: Britain and the Suppression of the Slave Trade, 1807–1975, edited by Keith Hamilton and Patrick Salmon, 20–41 (Eastbourne, Sussex, 2009).
Hamilton, Keith, and Patrick Salmon, eds. Slavery, Diplomacy and Empire: Britain and the Suppression of the Slave Trade, 1807–1975 (Eastbourne, Sussex, 2009).
Hammond, Richard J. “Economic Imperialism: Sidelights on a Stereotype.” Journal of Economic History 21 (1961): 582–98.
Hargey, Taj. “Festina Lente: Slavery Policy and Practice in the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan.” Slavery and Abolition 19 (1998): 250–72.
Hargreaves, John D. West Africa Partitioned, 2 vols. (Basingstoke, Hampshire1985).
Harrison, Royden. Before the Socialists: Studies in Labour and Politics, 1861–1881 (London, 1965).
Harwood, Thomas F. “British Evangelical Abolitionism and American Churches in the 1830s.” Journal of Southern History 28 (1962): 287–306.
Haskell, Thomas. “Capitalism and the Origins of Humanitarian Sensibility, I.” In The Antislavery Debate: Capitalism and Abolitionism as a Problem in Historical Explanation, edited by Thomas Bender, 107–35 (Berkeley, 1992).
Heartfield, James. The Aborigines’ Protection Society: Humanitarian Imperialism in Australia, New Zealand, Fiji, Canada, South Africa, and the Congo, 1836–1909 (London, 2011).
Helly, Dorothy O. “ ‘Informed’ Opinion on Tropical Africa in Great Britain, 1860–1890.” African Affairs 68 (1969): 195–217.
——. Livingstone’s Legacy: Horace Waller and Victorian Mythmaking (Athens, Ohio, 1987).
Herbert, Christopher. War of No Pity: The Indian Mutiny and Victorian Trauma (Princeton, 2008).
Heuman, Gad. “The British West Indies.” In The Oxford History of the British Empire, edited by Andrew Porter and Alain Lowe, 3:470–93 (5 vols., Oxford, 1999).
——. The Killing Time: The Morant Bay Rebellion in Jamaica (London, 1994).
Heuman, Gad, and David V. Trotman, eds. Contesting Freedom: Control and Resistance in the Post-Emancipation Caribbean (Warwick, 2005).
Hogendorn, Jan S., and Paul E. Lovejoy. “Keeping Slaves in Place: The Secret Debate on the Slavery Question in Northern Nigeria, 1900–1904.” In The Atlantic Slave Trade: Effects on Economies, Societies, and Peoples in Africa, the Americas, and Europe, edited by Joseph E. Inikori and Stanley L. Engerman, 49–76 (Durham, N.C., 1992).
Hollis, Patricia. “Anti-Slavery and British Working-Class Radicalism in the Years of Reform.” In Anti-slavery, Religion and Reform, edited by Christine Bolt and Seymour Drescher, 294–315 (Folkestone, Kent, 1980).
Holt, Thomas C. “The Essence of the Contract: The Articulation of Race, Gender, and Political Economy in British Emancipation Policy, 1838–1866.” In Beyond Slavery: Explorations of Race, Labor, and Citizenship in Postemancipation Societies, edited by Frederick Cooper, Thomas C. Holt, and Rebecca J. Scott, 33–59 (Chapel Hill, N.C., 2000).
——. The Problem of Freedom: Race, Labor, and Politics in Jamaica and Britain, 1832–1938 (Baltimore, Md., 1992).
Hopkins, Anthony G. “The ‘New International Economic Order’ in the Nineteenth Century: Britain’s First Development Plan for Africa.” In From Slave Trade to Legitimate Commerce, edited by Robin Laws, 240–64 (Cambridge, 1995).
——. “Property Rights and Empire Building: Britain’s Annexation of Lagos, 1861.” Journal of Economic History 40 (1980): 777–98.
Hopper, Matthew S. “Globalization and the Economics of African Slavery in Arabia in the Age of Empire.” Journal of African Development 12 (2010): 125–46.
Howe, Anthony. “Two Faces of British Power: Cobden versus Palmerston.” In Palmerston Studies II, edited by David Brown and Miles Taylor, 168–92 (Southampton, 2007).
Howell, Philip, and David Lambert. “Sir John Pope Hennessy and Colonial Government.” In Colonial Lives across the British Empire: Imperial Careering in the Long Nineteenth Century, edited by David Lambert and Alan Lester, 228–56 (Cambridge, 2006).
Huston, James L. “Abolitionists, Political Economists, and Capitalism.” Journal of the Early Republic 20 (2000): 487–521.
Huzzey, Richard. “British Liberties, American Emancipation and the Democracy of Race.” In The American Experiment and the Idea of Democracy in British Culture, 1776–1914, edited by Ella Dzelzainis and Ruth Livesey (forthcoming).
——. “Free Trade, Free Labour and Slave Sugar in Victorian Britain.” HJ 53 (2010): 359–79.
——. “Gladstone and the Suppression of the Slave Trade.” In William Gladstone: New Studies and Perspectives, edited by Ruth Clayton Windscheffel, Roland Quinault, and Roger Swift (forthcoming, Ashgate, 2012).
Hynes, William G. The Economics of Empire: Britain, Africa and the New Imperialism, 1870–95 (London, 1979).
Igbafe, Philip A. “The Fall of Benin: A Reassessment.” Journal of African History 11 (1970): 385–400.
Innes, Joanna, and Arthur Burns. Introduction to Rethinking the Age of Reform: Britain 1780–1850, edited by Arthur Burns and Joanna Innes, 1–70 (Cambridge, 2003).
Jervey, Edward D., and C. Harold Huber. “The Creole Affair.” Journal of Negro History 65 (1980): 196–211.
Johnston, Alex. The Life and Letters of Sir Harry Johnston (London, 1929).
Jones, Howard. Blue and Grey Diplomacy: A History of Union and Confederate Foreign Relations (Chapel Hill, N.C., 2010).
Jones, Peter. “Palmerston and the Slave Trade” (unpublished article, 2007).
Jones, Ray. The Nineteenth Century Foreign Office (London, 1971).
Jones, William Devereux. “The British Conservatives and the American Civil War.” American Historical Review 58 (1953): 527–43.
Judge, David. “Public Petitions and the House of Commons.” Parliamentary Affairs 31 (1978): 391–405.
Kale, Madhavi. Fragments of Empire: Capital, Slavery, and Indian Indentured Labor in the British Caribbean (Philadelphia, 1998).
Kalinga, Owen J. M. “The Karonga War: Commercial Rivalry and Politics of Survival.” Journal of African History 21 (1980): 209–18.
Kayaoğlu, Turan. Legal Imperialism: Sovereignty and Extraterritoriality in Japan, the Ottoman Empire, and China (Cambridge, 2010).
Keene, Edward. “A Case Study of the Construction of International Hierarchy: British Treaty-Making against the Slave Trade in the Early Nineteenth Century.” International Organization 61 (2007): 311–39.
Kidd, Colin. The Forging of Races: Race and Scripture in the Protestant Atlantic World, 1600–2000 (Cambridge, 2006).
Kielstra, Paul Michael. The Politics of Slave Trade Suppression in Britain and France (Basingstoke, Hampshire, 2000).
Kinealy, Christine. Daniel O’Connell and the Anti-Slavery Movement: “The Saddest People the Sun Sees” (London, 2010).
Kinney, Michelle Anders. “ ‘Doubly Foreign’: British Consuls in the Antebellum South, 1830–1860” (PhD diss., University of Texas at Arlington, 2010).
Kirk, Neville. “In Defence of Class: A Critique of Recent Revisionist Writing upon the Nineteenth-Century English Working Class.” International Review of Social History 32 (1987): 2–47.
Kitson Clark, G. “The Repeal of the Corn Laws and the Politics of the Forties.” Economic History Review, n.s., 4 (1951): 1–13.
Laidlaw, Zoë. Colonial Connections, 1815–45: Patronage, the Information Revolution and Colonial Government (Manchester, 2005).
Lamb, Andrew. A Life on the Ocean Wave: The Story of Henry Russell (Croydon, 2007).
Landry, Henry E. “Slavery and the Slave Trade in Atlantic Diplomacy, 1850–1861.” Journal of Southern History 27 (1961): 184–207.
Laqua, Daniel. “The Tensions of Internationalism: Transnational Anti-Slavery in the 1880s and 1890s.” International History Review 33 (2011): 705–26.
Larsen, Timothy. Friends of Religious Equality: Nonconformist Politics in Mid-Victorian England (Woodbridge, Suffolk, 1999).
Laurence, K. O. Immigration into the West Indies in the 19th Century (St. Lawrence, Barbados, 1971).
Law, Robin. “Abolition and Imperialism: International Law and the British Suppression of the Atlantic Slave Trade.” In Abolitionism and Imperialism in Britain, Africa, and the Atlantic, edited by Derek R. Peterson, 150–74 (Athens, Ohio, 2010).
——. ed., From Slave Trade to “Legitimate” Commerce (Cambridge, 1995).
——. The Oyo Empire, c.1600–c.1836: A West African Imperialism in the Era of the Atlantic Slave Trade (Oxford, 1977).
——. “The White Slaver and the African Prince: European and American Depictions of Pre-Colonial Dahomey.” In Images of Africa, edited by Martin Gray and Robin Law, 22–41 (Stirling, 1990).
Lee, Julia Sun-Joo. The American Slave Narrative and the Victorian Novel (Oxford, 2010).
Lester, Alan. Imperial Networks: Creating Identities in Nineteenth-Century South Africa and Britain (London, 2001).
Lloyd, Christopher. The Navy and the Slave Trade: The Suppression of the African Slave Trade in the Nineteenth Century (London, 1949).
Logan, Deborah A. Harriet Martineau, Victorian Imperialism, and the Civilizing Mission (Farnham, Surrey, 2010).
Lorimer, Douglas A. Colour, Class and the Victorians: English Attitudes to the Negro in the Mid Nineteenth Century (Leicester, 1978).
——. “From Victorian Values to White Virtues: Assimilation and Exclusion in British Racial Discourse, c. 1870–1914.” In Rediscovering the British World, edited by Phillip Buckner and R. Douglas Francis, 109–34 (Calgary, Alberta, 2005).
——. “The Role of Anti-Slavery Sentiment in English Reactions to the American Civil War.” HJ 19 (1976): 405–20.
Louis, William. Roger. Ends of British Imperialism: The Scramble for Empire, Suez, and Decolonization (London, 2006).
Lovejoy, Paul. “Slavery in the Context of Ideology.” In The Ideology of Slavery in Africa, edited by Paul Lovejoy, 11–38 (Beverly Hills, Calif., 1981).
——. Transformations in Slavery: A History of Slavery in Africa, 2nd ed. (Cambridge, 2000 ).
Lovejoy, Paul, and Jan S. Hogendorn. “The Reform of Slavery in Early Colonial Northern Nigeria.” In The End of Slavery in Africa, edited by Suzanne Miers and Richard Roberts, 391–414 (Madison, Wis., 1988).
——. Slow Death for Slavery: The Course of Abolition in Northern Nigeria, 1897–1936 (Cambridge, 1993).
Low, D. A. Buganda in Modern History (London, 1971).
——. Fabrication of Empire: The British and the Uganda Kingdoms (Cambridge, 2009).
Lynn, Martin. “ ‘The Imperialism of Free Trade’ and the Case of West Africa, c.1830–1870.” JICH 15 (1986): 22–40.
Madden, A. F. “The Attitude of the Evangelicals to the Empire and Imperial Problems, 1820–50.” (DPhil. thesis, Oxford University, 1950).
Magee, Gary B., and Andrew S. Thompson. Empire and Globalisation: Networks of People, Goods and Capital in the British World, c. 1850–1914 (Cambridge, 2010).
Mandler, Peter. The English National Character: The History of an Idea from Edmund Burke to Tony Blair (New Haven, Conn., 2006).
Mann, Kristin. Slavery and the Birth of an African City: Lagos, 1760–1900 (Bloomington, Ind., 2007).
Mantena, Karuna. Alibis of Empire: Henry Maine and the Ends of Liberal Imperialism (Princeton, 2010).
Martinez-Fernandez, Luis. Fighting Slavery in the Caribbean: The Life and Times of a British Family in Nineteenth-Century Havana (Armonk, N.Y., 1998).
Mason, John Edwin. Social Death and Resurrection: Slavery and Emancipation in South Africa (Charlottesville, Va., 2008).
Mason, Matthew. “The Battle of the Slaveholding Liberators: Great Britain, the United States, and Slavery in the Early Nineteenth Century.” William and Mary Quarterly, 3rd ser., 59 (2002): 665–96.
——. “Keeping Up Appearances: The International Politics of Slave Trade Abolition in the Nineteenth-Century Atlantic World.” William and Mary Quarterly, 3rd ser., 66 (2009): 809–32.
Mathieson, W. L. Great Britain and the Slave Trade (London, 1929).
Matthew, H. C. G. The Liberal Imperialists: The Ideas and Politics of a Post-Gladstonian Élite (Oxford, 1973).
Maurer, Oscar. “ ‘Punch’ on Slavery and the Civil War in America 1841–1865.” Victorian Studies 1 (1957): 5–28.
Mays, Kelly J. “Slaves in Heaven, Laborers in Hell: Chartist Poets’ Ambivalent Identification with the (Black) Slave.” Victorian Poetry 39 (2001): 137–63.
Mbaeyi, Paul Mmegha. British Military and Naval Forces in West African History, 1807–1874 (New York, 1978).
McKinstry, Leo. Rosebery: Statesman in Turmoil (London, 2005).
McSheffrey, Gerald. “Slavery, Indenture, Legitimate Trade and the Impact of Abolition in the Gold Coast, 1874–1901: A Reappraisal.” Journal of African History 24 (1983): 349–63.
Meer, Sarah. “Competing Representations: Douglass, the Ethiopian Serenaders, and Ethnic Exhibition in London.” In Liberating Sojourn: Frederick Douglass & Transatlantic Reform, edited by Alan J. Rice and Martin Crawford, 141–65 (Athens, Ga., 1999).
——. Uncle Tom Mania: Slavery, Minstrelsy and Transatlantic Culture in the 1850s (Athens, Ga., 2005).
Metcalf, Thomas R. Imperial Connections: India in the Indian Ocean Arena, 1860–1920 (Berkeley, 1998).
Midgley, Clare. “Bringing the Empire Home: Women Activists in Imperial Britain, 1790s–1930s.” In At Home with the Empire: Metropolitan Culture and the Imperial World, edited by Catherine Hall and Sonya O. Rose, 230–50 (Cambridge, 2006).
——. “British Abolition and Feminism in Transatlantic Perspective.” In Women’s Rights and Transatlantic Antislavery in the Era of Emancipation, edited by Kathryn Kish Sklar and James Brewer Stewart, 121–39 (New Haven, Conn., 2007).
——. Feminism and Empire: Women Activists in Imperial Britain, 1790–1865 (Abingdon, Oxfordshire, 2007).
——. Women against Slavery: The British Campaigns, 1780–1870 (London, 1992).
Miers, Suzanne. Britain and the Ending of the Slave Trade (London, 1975).
——. “Slavery and the Slave Trade as International Issues, 1890–1939.” Slavery & Abolition 19 (1998): 16–37.
Miers, Suzanne, and Martin A. Klein. Slavery and Colonial Rule in Africa (London, 1999).
Miers, Suzanne, and Richard Roberts. Introduction to The End of Slavery in Africa, edited by Suzanne Miers and Richard Roberts, 3–70 (London, 1988).
Mitchell, Brian R. British Historical Statistics, 2nd ed. (Cambridge, 1988).
Mitchell, Sally. Francis Power Cobbe: Victorian Feminist, Journalist, Reformer (Charlottesville, Va., 2004).
Mitton, Steven Heath. “The Free World Confronted: The Problem of Slavery and Progress in American Foreign Relations, 1833–1844.” (PhD diss., Louisiana State University, 2005).
Mohapatra, Prabhu P. “Assam and the West Indies, 1860–1920: Immobilizing Plantation Labor.” In Masters, Servants, and Magistrates in Britain and the Empire, 1562–1955, edited by Douglas Hay and Paul Craven, 455–80 (Chapel Hill, 2004).
Morrell, W. P. British Colonial Policy in the Age of Russell and Peel (Oxford, 1930).
Mulligan, William. “British Anti-Slave Trade and Anti-Slavery Policy in East Africa, Arabia, and Turkey in the Late Nineteenth Century.” In Humanitarian Intervention: A History, edited by Brendan Simms and D. J. B. Trim (Cambridge, 2011), 257–280.
——. “The Fugitive Slave Circulars, 1875–76.” JICH 37 (2009): 183–205.
Munro, Doug. “The Labor Trade in Melanesians to Queensland: An Historiographic Essay.” Journal of Social History 28 (1995): 609–25.
Munro, J. Forbes. “Shipping Subsidies and Railway Guarantees: William Mackinnon, Eastern Africa and the Indian Ocean, 1860–93.” Journal of African History 28 (1987): 209–30.
Murphy, Angela. American Slavery, Irish Freedom: Abolition, Immigrant Citizenship, and the Transatlantic Movement for Irish Repeal (Baton Rouge, La., 2010).
Murray, Alexander L. “The Extradition of Fugitive Slaves: A Re-evaluation.” Canadian Historical Review 43 (1962): 298–314.
Murray, David R. Odious Commerce: Britain, Spain and the Abolition of the Cuban Slave Trade (Cambridge, 1980).
Needell, Jeffrey. “The Abolition of the Brazilian Slave Trade in 1850: Historiography, Slave Agency and Statesmanship.” Journal of Latin American Studies 33 (2001): 681–711.
Newbury, Colin. “Great Britain and the Partition of Africa, 1870–1914.” In Oxford History of the British Empire, edited by Andrew Porter, 3:624–50 (5 vols., Oxford, 1999).
——. The Western Slave Coast and Its Rulers (Oxford, 1961)
Newman, Judie. “Stowe’s Sunny Memories of Highland Slavery.” In Special Relationships: Anglo-American Affinities and Antagonisms 1854–1936, edited by Janet Beer and Bridget Bennett, 28–42 (Manchester, 2002).
Nippel, Wilfried. “Marx, Weber, and Classical Slavery.” Classics Ireland 12 (2005): 31–49.
Northrup, David. Indentured Labour in the Age of Imperialism, 1834–1922 (Cambridge, 1995).
Nowatzki, Robert. Representing African Americans in Transatlantic Abolitionism and Blackface Minstrelsy (Baton Rouge, La., 2010).
Nuermberger, Ruth Ketring. The Free Produce Movement: A Quaker Protest against Slavery (New York, 1942).
Nussbaum, Martha. Creating Capabilities: The Human Development Approach (Cambridge, Ma., 2011).
Nwokegi, G. Ugo. “The Slave Emancipation Problematic: Igbo Society and the Colonial Equation.” Comparative Studies in Society and History 40 (1998): 318–55.
Nworah, Kenneth D. “The Aborigines’ Protection Society, 1889–1909: A Pressure-Group in Colonial Policy.” Canadian Journal of African Studies 5 (1971): 79–91.
Nwulia, Moses. Britain and Slavery in East Africa (Washington, D.C., 1975).
Offen, Karen. “How (and Why) the Analogy of Marriage with Slavery Provided the Springboard for Women’s Rights Demands in France, 1640–1848.” In Women’s Rights and Transatlantic Antislavery in the Era of Emancipation, edited by Kathryn Kish Sklar and James Brewer Stewart, 57–81 (New Haven, 2007).
Oldfield, J. R. Chords of Freedom: Commemoration, Ritual and British Transatlantic Slavery (Manchester, 2007).
——. “Palmerston and Anti-Slavery.” In Palmerston Studies II, edited by David Brown and Miles Taylor, 24–38 (Southampton, 2007).
——. Popular Politics and British Anti-Slavery 1787–1807 (London, 1998 [Manchester, 1995]).
Oliver, Roland. Sir Harry Johnston and the Scramble for Africa (London, 1964).
Opare-Akurang, Kwabena. “The Administration of the Abolition Laws, African Responses, and Post-Proclamation Slavery in the Gold Coast, 1874–1940.” Slavery and Abolition 19 (1998): 149–66.
Otte, T. G. “ ‘Avenge England’s Dishonour’: By-elections, Parliament and the Politics of Foreign Policy in 1898.” EHR 121 (2006): 385–428.
——. “ ‘A Course of Unceasing Remonstrance’: British Diplomacy and the Suppression of the Slave Trade in the East.” In Slavery, Diplomacy and Empire: Britain and the Suppression of the Slave Trade, 1807–1975, edited by Keith Hamilton and Patrick Salmon, 93–124 (Eastbourne, Sussex, 2009). (p.284)
——. “The Foreign Office, 1856–1914.” In Imperial Defence: The Old World Order 1856–1956, edited by Greg Kennedy, 9–29 (Abingdon, Oxfordshire, 2008).
Oxford Dictionary of National Biography [ODNB], edited by Lawrence Goldman (Oxford, 2004–present) [http://www.oxforddnb.com].
Parnaby, O. W. Britain and the Labor Trade in the Southwest Pacific (Durham, N.C., 1964).
Perbi, Akosa Admoa. A History of Indigenous Slavery in Ghana (Accra, Ghana, 2004).
Perham, Margery. Lugard: The Years of Adventure, 1858–1898 (London, 1956).
Perraton, H. D. “British Attitudes towards East and West Africa, 1880–1914.” Race & Class 8 (1967): 223–46.
Perreau-Saussine, Amanda. “British Acts of State in English Courts.” British Yearbook of International Law 78 (2008): 176–254.
Persky, Joseph. “Wage Slavery.” History of Political Economy 30 (1998): 627–51.
Petty, Alasdair. “Send Back the Money: Douglass and the Free Church of Scotland.” In Liberating Sojourn: Frederick Douglass & Transatlantic Reform, edited by Alan J. Rice and Martin Crawford, 31–55 (Athens, Ga., 1999).
Phillips, Anne. The Enigma of Colonialism: British Policy in West Africa (London, 1989).
Pickering, Michael. “Mock Blacks and Racial Mockery: The ‘Nigger’ Minstrel and British Imperialism.” In Acts of Supremacy: The British Empire and the Stage, 1790–1930, edited by J. S Bratton, Richard Allen Cave, Brendan Gregory, Heidi J. Holder, and Michael Pickering, 179–236 (Manchester, 1991).
Pilgrim, Elsie. “Anti-Slavery Sentiment in Great Britain 1841–1854: Its Nature and Its Decline, with Special Reference to Its Influence upon British Policy towards the Former Slave Colonies” (PhD thesis, Cambridge University, 1952).
Pitts, Jennifer. “Boundaries of International Law.” In Victorian Visions of Global Order: Empire and International Relations in Nineteenth-Century Political Thought, edited by Duncan Bell, 67–88 (Cambridge, 2007).
Platt, D. C. M. Finance, Trade, and Politics in British Foreign Policy 1815–1914 (Oxford, 1968).
Pollock, John. Gordon: The Man behind the Legend (London, 1993).
Porter, Andrew. “Church History, History of Christianity, Religious History: Some Reflections on British Missionary Enterprise since the Late Eighteenth Century.” Church History 71 (2002): 555–84.
——. “ ‘Commerce and Christianity’: Providence Theory, the Missionary Movement, and the Imperialism of Free Trade, 1842–1860.” HJ 26 (1983): 71–94.
——. “ ‘Commerce and Christianity’: The Rise and Fall of a Nineteenth-Century Missionary Slogan.” HJ 28 (1985): 597–621.
——. Religion versus Empire? British Protestant Missionaries and Overseas Expansion, 1700–1914 (Manchester, 2004).
——. “Trusteeship, Anti-Slavery and Humanitarianism.” In The Oxford History of the British Empire, edited by Andrew Porter, 3:198–221 (5 vols., Oxford, 1999).
Porter, Bernard. The Absent-Minded Imperialists: Empire, Society and Culture in Britain (Oxford, 2004).
——. “Review Article: Imperialism and the Scramble.” JICH 9 (1980): 76–81.
Prakash, Gyan. Bonded Histories: Genealogies of Labor Servitude in Colonial India (Cambridge, 2002 ).
Prochaska, F. K. “Charity Bazaars in Nineteenth-Century England.” Journal of British Studies 16 (1977): 62–84.
Quarles, Benjamin. “Ministers without Portfolio.” Journal of Negro History 39 (1954): 27–42.
——. “Sources of Abolitionist Income.” Mississippi Valley Historical Review 32 (1945): 36–76.
Querishi, Sadiah. “Robert Gordon Latham, Displayed Peoples, and the Natural History of Race, 1854–1866.” HJ 54 (2011): 143–66.
Ratcliffe, Barrie M. “Commerce and Empire: Manchester Merchants and West Africa, 1873–1895.” JICH 7 (1979): 293–320.
Rediker, Marcus. The Slave Ship: A Human History (London, 2007).
Reynolds, K. D. Aristocratic Women and Political Society in Victorian Britain (Oxford, 1998).
Rice, C. Duncan. “ ‘Humanity Sold for Sugar!’ The British Abolitionist Response to Free Trade in Slave-Grown Sugar.” HJ 13 (1970): 402–18.
——. “Literary Sources and British Attitudes to Slavery.” In Anti-Slavery, Religion and Reform, edited by Christine Bolt and Seymour Drescher, 319–34 (Folkestone, Kent, 1980).
——. “The Missionary Context of the British Anti-Slavery Movement.” In Slavery and British Society 1776–1846, edited by James Walvin, 150–63 (London, 1982).
——. The Rise and Fall of Black Slavery (London, 1975).
——. The Scots Abolitionists (Baton Rouge, La., 1981).
Richardson, David. “Background to Annexation: Anglo-African Credit Relations in the Bight of Biafra, 1700–1891.” In From Slave Trade to Empire: Europe and the Colonisation of Black Africa, 1780s–1880s, edited by Olivier Pétré-Grenouilleau, 47–68 (Abingdon, Oxfordshire, 2004).
Robinson, Ronald, John Gallagher, and Alison Denny. Africa and the Victorians: The Official Mind of Imperialism, 2nd ed. (London, 1981).
Roeckell, Leila M. “Bonds over Bondage: British Opposition to the Annexation of Texas.” Journal of the Early Republic 19 (1999): 257–78.
Rose, Jonathan. The Intellectual Life of the British Working Classes (New Haven, Conn., 2002).
Rothman, Adam. “Review of Seymour Drescher, The Mighty Experiment (Oxford, 2002).” Journal of Interdisciplinary History 24 (2004): 634–36.
Rugemar, Edward Bartlett. The Problem of Freedom: The Caribbean Roots of the American Civil War (Baton Rouge, La., 2008).
Runkle, Gerald. “Karl Marx and the American Civil War.” Comparative Studies in Society and History 6 (1964): 117–41.
Schuler, Monica. “Alas, Alas, Kongo”: A Social History of Indentured African Immigration into Jamaica, 1841–1865 (Baltimore, Md., 1980).
Schulyer, Robert Livingston. “The Abolition of British Imperial Preference, 1846–1860.” Political Science Quarterly 33 (1918): 77–92.
Schwartz, Suzanne. “Commerce, Civilization and Christianity: The Development of the Sierra Leone Company.” In Liverpool and Transatlantic Slavery, edited by David Richardson, Suzanne Schwarz, and Anthony J. Tibbles, 252–76 (Liverpool, 2007).
Searle, G. R. Morality and the Market in Victorian Britain (Oxford, 1998).
Sell, Alan. Philosophy, Dissent and Nonconformity (Cambridge, 2004).
Semmel, Bernard. Jamaican Blood and Victorian Conscience: The Governor Eyre Controversy, 2nd ed. (Westport, Conn., 1972).
——. Liberalism and Naval Strategy: Ideology, Interest, and Sea Power during the Pax Britannica (Boston, 1986).
Sen, Amartya. Development as Freedom (Oxford, 1999).
Sewell, William H. “Ideologies and Social Revolutions: Reflections on the French Case.” Journal of Modern History 57 (1985): 57–85.
Sexton, Jay. Debtor Diplomacy: Finance and American Foreign Relations in the Civil War Era 1837–1873 (Oxford, 2005).
Shaikh, Farida. “Judicial Diplomacy: British Officials and the Mixed Commission Courts.” In Slavery, Diplomacy and Empire: Britain and the Suppression of the Slave Trade, 1807–1975, edited by Keith Hamilton and Patrick Salmon, 42–64 (Eastbourne, Sussex, 2009).
Shepperson, George. “Harriet Beecher Stowe and Scotland, 1852–53.” Scottish Historical Review 32 (1953): 40–46.
Sherwood, Marika. After Abolition: Britain and the Slave Trade since 1807 (London, 2007).
Shlomowitz, Ralph. “Markets for Indentured and Time-Expired Melanesian Labour in Queensland, 1863–1906: An Economic Analysis.” Journal of Pacific History 16 (1981): 70–91.
Sikainga, Ahmad Alawad. Slaves into Workers: Emancipation and Labor in Colonial Sudan (Austin, Tex., 1996).
Sklar, Kathryn Kish. “ ‘Women Who Speak for an Entire Nation’: American and British Women Compared at the World Anti-Slavery Convention, London, 1840.” In The Abolitionist Sisterhood: Women’s Political Culture in Antebellum America, edited by John Fagin Yellin and John C. Van Horne, 301–34 (Ithaca, N.Y., 1994).
Sklar, Kathryn Kish, and James Brewer Stewart, eds. Women’s Rights and Transatlantic Antislavery in the Era of Emancipation (New Haven, Conn., 2007).
“Slave Voyages Database,” ed. David Eltis (Atlanta, Ga., 2008–present) [www.slavevoyages.org].
Smallwood, Stephanie. Saltwater Slavery: A Middle Passage from Africa to American Diaspora (Cambridge, Mass., 2007).
Smith, James Patterson. “The Liberals, Race, and Political Reform in the British West Indies, 1866–1874.” Journal of Negro History 79 (1994): 131–46.
Smith, Robert. The Lagos Consulate, 1851–1861 (London, 1978).
——. “The Lagos Consulate, 1851–1861: An Outline.” Journal of African History 15 (1974): 393–416.
Stanley, Brian. The Bible and the Flag: Protestant Missions and British Imperialism in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries (Leicester, 1990).
Steinfeld, Robert J. Coercion, Contract, and Free Labor in the Nineteenth Century (Cambridge, 2001).
Stepan, Nancy. The Idea of Race in Science: Great Britain, 1800–1960 (London, 1982).
Stevenson, Louise L. “Virtue Displayed: The Tie-Ins of Uncle Tom’s Cabin.” [http:///www.iath.virginia.edu/utc/interpret/exhibits/stevenson/steveson.html].
Stone, Harry. “Charles Dickens and Harriet Beecher Stowe.” Nineteenth-century Fiction 12 (1957): 188–202.
Stråth, Bo. “Ideology and History.” Journal of Political Ideologies 11 (2006): 23–42.
Summerson, H. R. T. “An Ancient Squires Family”: The History of the Aglionbys, c. 1130–2002 (Carlisle, 2007).
Swaminathan, Srividhya. Debating the Slave Trade: Rhetoric of British National Identity, 1759–1815 (Farnham, Surrey, 2009).
Temperley, Harold. “Lord Granville’s Unpublished Memorandum on Foreign Policy, 1852.” Cambridge Historical Journal 2 (1928): 298–302.
Temperley, Howard. “Anti-Slavery as Cultural Imperialism.” In Anti-Slavery, Religion and Reform, edited by Christine Bolt and Seymour Drescher, 335–50 (Folkestone, Kent, 1980).
——. British Anti-Slavery 1833–1870 (London, 1972).
——. “The Delegalization of Slavery in British India.” Slavery and Abolition 21 (2000): 169–87.
——. “The Ideology of Antislavery.” In The Abolition of the Atlantic Slave Trade: Origins and Effects in Europe, Africa, and the Americas, edited by David Eltis and James Walvin, 21–35 (Madison, Wis., 1981).
——. “The O’Connell Stevenson Contretemps: A Reflection of the Anglo-American Slavery Issue.” Journal of Negro History 47 (1962): 217–33.
——. White Dreams, Black Africa (New Haven, Conn., 1991).
Teukolsky, Rachel. The Literate Eye: Victorian Art Writing and Modern Aesthetics (Oxford, 2009).
Thompson, Andrew S. The Empire Strikes Back? The Impact of Imperialism on Britain from the Mid-Nineteenth Century (Harlow, Essex, 2005).
——. Imperial Britain: The Empire in British Politics, c. 1880–1932 (Harlow, Essex, 2000).
Thompson, E. P. Customs in Common: Studies in Traditional Popular Culture (New York, 1993).
Thornton, John. Africa and Africans in the Making of the Atlantic World, 1400–1800, 2nd ed. (Cambridge, 1998).
Tinker, Hugh. A New System of Slavery: The Export of Indian Labour Overseas 1830–1920, 2nd ed. (London, 1993 [Oxford, 1974]).
Toledano, Ehud R. As if Silent and Absent: Bonds of Enslavement in the Islamic Middle East (New Haven, 2007).
Trentmann, Frank. “Before ‘Fair Trade’: Empire, Free Trade, and the Moral Economies of Food in the Modern World.” Environment and Planning D: Society and Space 25 (2007): 1079–1102.
——. “Political Culture and Political Economy: Interest, Ideology and Free Trade.” Review of International Political Economy 5 (1998): 217–51.
Turley, David. “Anti-Slavery Activists and Officials: ‘Influence,’ Lobbying and the Slave Trade, 1807–1850.” In Slavery, Diplomacy and Empire: Britain and the Suppression of the Slave Trade, 1807–1975, edited by Keith Hamilton and Patrick Salmon, 81–90 (Eastbourne, Sussex, 2009).
——. “British Antislavery Reassessed.” In Re-thinking the Age of Reform, edited by Joanna Innes and Arthur Burns, 182–99 (Cambridge, 2003).
——. The Culture of English Anti-Slavery, 1780–1860 (London, 1991).
——. “ ‘Free Air’ and Fugitive Slaves: British Abolitionists versus Government over American Fugitives 1834–61.” In Anti-Slavery, Religion and Reform, edited by Caroline Bolt and Seymour Drescher, 163–82 (Folkestone, Kent, 1980).
Turner, Michael. “The Limits of Abolition: Government, Saints and the ‘African Question,’ c.1780–1820.” EHR 112 (1997): 319–57.
Tyrrell, Alexander. Joseph Sturge and the Moral Radical Party in Early Victorian Britain (London, 1987).
——. “Making the Millennium: The Mid-Nineteenth Century Peace Movement.” HJ 21 (1978): 75–95.
——. “The ‘Moral Radical Party’ and the Anglo-Jamaican Campaign for the Abolition of the Negro Apprenticeship System.” EHR 99 (1984): 481–502.
Uba, C. N. “Suppression of the Slave Trade in the Nigerian Emirates.” Journal of African History 32 (1991): 447–70.
Van Alstyne, Richard W. “The British Right of Search and the African Slave Trade.” Journal of Modern History 2 (1930): 37–47.
Van Dijk, Teun A. “Ideology and Discourse Analysis.” Journal of Political Ideologies 11 (2006): 115–40.
Walkowitz, Judith. Prostitution and Victorian Society: Women, Class and the State (Cambridge, 1980).
Walls, Andrew F. “The Legacy of Thomas Fowell Buxton.” International Bulletin of Missionary Research 15 (1991): 74–77.
Waters, Hazel. Racism on the Victorian Stage: Representations of Slavery and the Black Character (Cambridge, 2007).
Williams, Eric. British Historians and the West Indies (London, 1966 ).
——. “Laissez Faire, Sugar and Slavery.” Political Science Quarterly 58 (1943): 67–85.
Wilson, Forrest. Crusader in Crinoline: The Life of Harriet Beecher Stowe (Philadelphia, 1941).
Winks, Robin W. Blacks in Canada, 2nd ed. (London, 1997).
Wolffe, John. “Lord Palmerston and Religion: A Reappraisal.” EHR 120 (2005): 907–36.
Wood, Marcus. Blind Memory: Visual Representations of Slavery in England and America, 1760–1865 (Manchester, 2000).
——. Slavery, Empathy and Pornography (Oxford, 2002).
Wright, J. L. “Nothing Else But Slaves: Britain and the Central Saharan Slave Trade in the Nineteenth Century.” (PhD thesis, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, 1998).
Žižek, Slavoj. The Parallax View (Boston, Mass., 2006).
Zwanenberg, R. M. A. “Anti-Slavery, the Ideology of 19th Century Imperialism in East Africa.” Typescript conference paper, Historical Association of Kenya Annual Conference 1972 (Sterling Memorial Library, Yale University, call number SML DT32.5.V35 1972).