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New Policies for New ResidentsImmigrants, Advocacy, and Governance in Japan and Beyond$
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Deborah J. Milly

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780801452222

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801452222.001.0001

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Changing Japan’s Policies—Slowly

Changing Japan’s Policies—Slowly

Chapter:
(p.60) 3 Changing Japan’s Policies—Slowly
Source:
New Policies for New Residents
Author(s):

Deborah J. Milly

Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:10.7591/cornell/9780801452222.003.0004

This chapter traces the process of national policy change for foreign residents and immigrants in Japan over the past twenty years, highlighting the ways in which advocacy by local governments and civil society groups has been effective in raising issues with national policymakers. Three distinct phases characterize Japan's national policy change process: the debates of the late 1980s and the resultant policy changes associated with the revision of the 1990 Immigration Control and Refugee Recognition Act, a period of piecemeal and fragmented adjustment that lasted from the 1990s to roughly 2003, and the mushrooming of debate and comprehensive proposals for reform. During this process, disparate societal groups and local government groups were promoting proposals for comprehensive changes that finally reached the national agenda through political openings.

Keywords:   national policy change, foreign residents, Refugee Recognition Act, Japan, debate, immigrants

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