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For the Common GoodA New History of Higher Education in America$
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Charles Dorn

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780801452345

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801452345.001.0001

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“To Meet the Training and Retraining Needs of Established Business”

“To Meet the Training and Retraining Needs of Established Business”

Community Colleges in the Northeast and Southwest

Chapter:
(p.200) 10 “To Meet the Training and Retraining Needs of Established Business”
Source:
For the Common Good
Author(s):

Charles Dorn

Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:10.7591/cornell/9780801452345.003.0011

This chapter explores community colleges. The community college is the workhorse of American higher education—and it has never been more popular. Yet community colleges have received relatively little attention from historians, an unfortunate shortcoming both because the community college is the single form of higher education that Americans can lay legitimate claim to having “invented” and because the institution has undergone a remarkable historical transformation. Beginning in the early twentieth century as “junior colleges,” community colleges were designed to provide the first two years of undergraduate study leading to the bachelor's degree. Over time, however, many became training grounds for individuals seeking occupational certification while also serving as resources for small-business development and agents of small-scale technology transfer. The chapter then looks at the cases of the Community College of Rhode Island and Santa Fe Community College to illustrate how a rising ethos of affluence guided the transformation of community colleges.

Keywords:   community colleges, American higher education, junior colleges, undergraduate study, occupational certification, Community College of Rhode Island, Santa Fe Community College, affluence

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