Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
After NewspeakLanguage Culture and Politics in Russia from Gorbachev to Putin$

Michael S. Gorham

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780801452628

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801452628.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM Cornell University Press SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.cornell.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Cornell University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in Cornell for personal use (for details see http://cornell.universitypressscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy/privacy-policy-and-legal-notice). Subscriber: null; date: 20 June 2018

(p.203) Works Cited

(p.203) Works Cited

Source:
After Newspeak
Publisher:
Cornell University Press

Bibliography references:

Abdullaev, Nabi. 2006. “Making Sure Everything Looks Nice.” The Moscow Times (27 October). http://www.themoscowtimes.com/news/article/making-sure-everythinglooks-nice/201357.html (accessed 22 July 2013).

Ageev, Aleksandr. 1995. “Vostavshii ‘Ъ.’” Znamia 4: 184–90.

Aizerman, L. S. 1990. “Uroki literatury kak dialog.” Literatura v shkole 4: 78–86.

“Alisher Usmanov: Krupneishii igrok v svere telekommunikatsii i SMI, priverzhenets Putina.” 2011. Newsru.com (14 December). http://www.newsru.com/background/14dec2011/usmanov.html (accessed 11 July 2012).

Alpatov, V. M. 1991. Istoriia odnogo mifa: Marr i marrizm. Moscow: Nauka.

———. 2000. “What Is Marxism in Linguisitics?” In Materializing Bakhtin: The Bakhtin Circle and Social Theory, edited by Craig Brandist and Galin Tihanov, 173–93. New York: St. Martin’s Press.

Altunian, A. G. 1998. “Politicheskie mneniia” Faddeia Bulgarina: Ideino-stilisticheskii analiz zapisok F. V. Bulgarina k Nikolaiu I. Moscow: Izdatel′stvo URAO.

Amirov, V. M. 1997. Rechevaia agressiia i gumanizatsiia obshcheniia v sredstvakh massovoi informatsii. Ekaterinburg: Ural′skii gos. universitet imeni A. M. Gor′kogo, Fakul′tet zhurnalistiki.

Anderson, Benedict. 1983. Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism. London: Verso Editions.

(p.204) Anderson, Richard D., Jr., Valery I. Chervyakov, and Pavel B. Parshin. 1995. “Words Matter: Linguistic Conditions for Democracy in Russia.” Slavic Review 54, no. 1: 868–95.

Andreev, V. I. 1995. Delovaia ritorika: Prakticheskii kurs delovogo obshcheniia i oratorskogo masterstva. Moscow: Narodnoe obrazovanie.

Andrusenko, Lidiia. 2007. “Nagliadnaia agitatsiia.” Politicheskii zhurnal 30 (29 October). http://www.politjournal.ru/index.php?action=Articles&issue=205&tek=7481&dirid=43 (accessed 19 July 2013).

Anishkin, Valerii. 1997. “Iazyk moi-vrag?” Literaturnaia Rossiia 7 (14 February): 3.

Annushkin, V. I. 1988. “Zachem nuzhna ritorika?” Russkaia rech′ 5: 81–83.

Areshev, Andrei. 2008. “Virtual′naia politika, setevoi elektorat: Blogi stiraiut granitsy mezhdu nabliudateliami i igrokami.” Novaia politika (5 February). http://www.novopol.ru/-virtualnaya-politika-setevoy-elektorat-text36121.html (accessed 22 July 2013).

Asmolov, Gregory. 2010a. “Russian Government to Develop National Search Engine.” Global Voices (6 April). http://globalvoicesonline.org/2010/04/06/kremlyandex/ (accessed 22 July 2013).

———. 2010b. “From ‘Sovereign Democracy’ to ‘Sovereign Internet’?” Global Voices (10 June). http://globalvoicesonline.org/2010/06/13/russia-from-sovereign-democracyto-sovereign-internet/ (accessed 22 July 2013).

———. 2010c. “Flaws and Pitfalls of the Subsidized ‘Social’ Internet Plan.” Global Voices (21 June). http://globalvoicesonline.org/2010/06/21/russia-flaws-and-pitfallsof-the-subsidized-“social”-internet-plan/ (accessed 22 July 2013).

“Auditoriia ‘Iandeksa’ privysila chislo zritelei Pervogo kanala.” 2012. Lenta.ru (25 May). http://lenta.ru/news/2012/05/25/overtake/ (accessed 22 July 2013).

Austin, J. L. 1962. How to Do Things with Words: The William James Lectures Delivered at Harvard University in 1955. Edited by J. O. Urmson. Oxford: Clarendon.

Azimov, P. A., Iu. D. Desheriev, and F. P. Filin, eds. 1972. Problemy dvuiazychiia i mnogoiazychiia. Moscow: Nauka.

Babich, Dmitry. 2006. “The Goodness Inside the Kremlin.” Russian Profile (25 October), as reprinted in Johnson’s Russia List, no. 239 (2006).

Baker, Keith Michael. 1990. Inventing the French Revolution: Essays on French Political Culture in the Eighteenth Century. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Bakhtin, M.M. 1981. “The Epic and the Novel: Towards a Methodology for the Study in the Novel.” In The Dialogic Imagination, edited by Michael Holquist, 3–40. Austin: University of Texas Press.

———. 1986. “The Problem of Speech Genres.” In Speech Genres and Other Late Essays, edited by Caryl Emerson and Michael Holquist, translated by Vern W. McGee, 60–102. Austin: University of Texas Press.

Baldaev, D. S., V. K. Belko, and I. M. Isupov, eds. 1992. Slovartiuremno-lagernoblatnogo zhargona (Rechevoi i graficheskii portret sovetskoi tiurmy). Moscow: Kraia Moskvy.

Balmforth, Tom. 2011. “Russian Protesters Mobilize via Social Networks, as Key Opposition Leaders Jailed.” Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (8 December). http://www.rferl.org/content/russian_protesters_mobilize_online_as_leaders_jailed/24414881.html (accessed 22 July 2013).

(p.205) Baraulina, Anna. 2006. “Kul′t distantsionnogo upravleniia.” Russkii Newsweek 6 (13–19 February): 24–27.

Barkhudarov, S. G. 1951. “Itogi perspektivy perestroika iazykovedcheskoi raboty v svete stalinskogo ucheniia o iazyke.” Russkii iazyk v shkole 5: 1–11.

Baron, Dennis E. 1982. Grammar and Good Taste: Reforming the American Language. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Baudrillard, Jean. 1983. Simulations. New York: Semiotext(e).

———. 1994. Simulacra and Simulation. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Baunov, Aleksandr. 2011. “Partiia zhulikov i vorov: Filologicheskii analiz.” Slon (24 November). http://slon.ru/world/zhuliki_i_vory-714211.xhtml (accessed 22 July 2013).

———. 2013. “Pochemu Putina bol′she ne slushaiut.” Slon (25 April). http://slon.ru/russia/putin_ritor-733404.xhtml (accessed 19 July 2013).

Bekhbulatova, Taisiia, and Sof′ia Samokhina. 2012. “Gubernatory ispolnili svoe naznachenie.” Kommersant″ (31 May). http://www.kommersant.ru/doc/1947363 (accessed 22 July 2013).

Beloded, I. K. 1971. “Problemy izucheniia iazyka V. I. Lenina.” Russkaia rech′ 2: 8–15.

Bennett, Brian P. 2011. Religion and Language in Post-Soviet Russia. New York: Routledge.

Bernaskoni, Elena. 2001. “Iazyk, kak zhenshchina: Ego nado liubit′ i zashchishchat′.” Ekho Planety 8 (16 February): 26.

Bilaniuk, Laada. 2005. Contested Tongues: Language Politics and Cultural Correction in Ukraine. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

Birch, David. 2002. “In Russia, a New Battle of Morals.” Baltimore Sun, 9 December. http://articles.baltimoresun.com/2002-12-09/news/0212090265_1_russian-literaturerussian-culture-putin (accessed 19 July 2013).

Blokhina, N. G. 1993. “Problemy formirovaniia iazykovoi lichnosti uchitelia.” Russkii iazyk v shkole 6: 94–95.

Bogomolov, Iurii. 2000. “Vse-svoi—skazal president.” Izvestiia, 2 November.

Bogomolov, N., ed. 1996. Anti-mir russkoi kultury: Iazyk. Folklor. Literatura. Moscow: Ladomir.

Borenstein, Eliot. 2008. Overkill: Sex and Violence in Contemporary Russian Popular Culture. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

Bourdieu, Pierre. 1984. Distinction: A Social Critique of the Judgment of Taste. Translated by Richard Nice. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

———. 1991. Language and Symbolic Power. Edited by John B. Thompson and translated by Gino Raymond and Matthew Adamson. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

———. 1991. “The Production and Reproduction of Legitimate Language.” In Bourdieu, Language and Symbolic Power, 43–65.

Boym, Svetlana. 1994. Common Places: Mythologies of Everyday Life in Russia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Bruchis, Michael. 1984. “The Language Policy of the CPSU and the Linguistic Situation in Soviet Moldavia.” Soviet Studies 36, no. 1: 108–26.

Brusser, Anna, and Mariia Ossovskaia. 2005. 104 uprazhneniia po diktsii i orfoepii dlia samostoiatelnoi raboty. Moscow: Reglant.

(p.206) Bui, Vasilii. 1995. Russkaia zavetnaia idiomatika (Veselyi slovarkrylatykh vyrazhenii). Moscow: Pomovskii i partnery.

———. 2005. Russkaia zavetnaia idiomatika: Veselyi slovarnarodnykh vyrazhenii. 2nd ed., corrected and expanded. Moscow: Al′ta-Print.

Bukchina, B. Z. 1967. “G 6-18-43 (Spravochnoe biuro Instituta russkogo iazyka AN SSSR).” Russkaia rech′ 1: 99–102.

Burke, Peter. 1987. “Introduction.” In The Social History of Language, edited by Peter Burke and Roy Porter, 1–20. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Cameron, Deborah. 1990. “Demythologizing Sociolinguistics: Why Language Does Not Reflect Society.” In Ideologies of Language, edited by John E. Joseph and Talbot J. Taylor, 79–93. London: Routledge.

———. 1995. Verbal Hygiene: The Politics of Language. London: Routledge.

Cassiday, Julie A. 2000. The Enemy on Trial: Early Soviet Courts on Stage and Screen. DeKalb: Northern Illinois University Press.

Cassiday, Julie A., and Emily D. Johnson. 2013. “A Personality Cult for the Postmodern Age: Reading Vladimir Putin’s Public Persona.” In Goscilo, Putin as Celebrity and Cultural Icon, 37–64.

“Chelovek iz televizora.” 2007. Radio Ekho Moskvy (20 October). http://echo.msk.ru/programs/persontv/55728/index.phtml (accessed 22 July 2013).

Chel′tsova, L. K. 1991. “Kak pisat′: Bog ili bog?” Russkaia rech′ 4: 64–69.

Cherkasov, Gleb. 2012. “‘Vy mozhete pogovorit′, no reshaem my—V etom sut′ stat′i Putina.’” KommersantFM (6 February). http://www.kommersant.ru/doc/1866955 (accessed 19 July 2013).

Chernyshev, V. I. 1911. Pravilnosti chistota russkoi rechi: Opyt russkoi stilisticheskoi grammatiki. St. Petersburg: Tipografiia Morskogo ministerstva.

“Chislo Internet-pol′zovatelei v Rossii vyroslo do 70 millionov chelovek, sostaviv 49% naseleniia.” 2011. Gazeta.ru (26 January). http://www.gazeta.ru/news/lenta/2011/12/26/n_2148486.shtml (accessed 22 July 2013).

Christians, Dagmar. 1983. Die Sprachrubrik der “Literaturnaja Gazeta” von 1964 bis 1978: Dokumentation und Auswertung. Munich: Otto Sagner.

Chudinov, A. P. 2001. Rossiia v metaforicheskom zerkale: Kognitivnoe issledovanie politicheskoi metafory (1991–2000). Ekaterinburg: Uralskii gosudarstvennyi pedagogicheskii universitet.

Colley, Carroll. 2012. “Kremlin’s Planned Internet Ownership Limits Raise State Control Fears.” Financial Times, 28 June. http://blogs.ft.com/beyond-brics/2012/06/27/guest-post-kremlins-planned-internet-ownership-limits-raise-state-control-fears/ (accessed 19 July 2013).

Crowley, Tony. 1996. Language in History: Theories and Texts. London: Routledge.

Dal′, Vladimir. [1882] 1980. Tolkovyi slovarzhivogo velikorusskogo iazyka. Moscow: Russkii iazyk.

Davydov, G. 1998. “Russkoi istorii nuzhen Moisei.” Nezavisimaia gazeta, 16 September.

Deibert, Ronald, and Rafal Rohozinski. 2010. “Control and Subversion in Russian Cyberspace.” In Access Controlled: The Shaping of Power, Rights, and Rule in Cyberspace, edited by Ronald J. Deibert, John G. Palfrey, Rafal Rohozinski, and Jonathan Zittrain, 15–34. Cambridge: MIT Press.

(p.207) Denisova, M. A. 1993. “‘Narod i iazyk odin bez drugogo predstavlen byt′ ne mozhet….’” Russkii iazyk v shkole 5: 68–89.

———. 1997. “Russkoe slovo i russkii mir.” Russkii iazyk v skole 2: 87–93.

XIX Vsesoiuznaia konferentsiia Kommunisticheskoi Partii Sovetskogo Soiuza 28 iiuniia–1 iiuliia 1988 goda: Stenograficheskii otchet. 1988. 2 vols. Moscow: Izdatel′stvo politicheskoi literatury.

Dmitrienko, Dmitrii. 2012. “Naval′nyi za nedeliu nashel 10,000 potentsial′nykh nabliudatelei.” Vedomosti (31 January). http://www.vedomosti.ru/politics/news/1490165/navalnyj_za_nedelyu_nashel_10_000_potencialnyh_nablyudatelej (accessed 22 February 2013).

Dobromyslov, V. A. 1951. “God raboty na osnove trudov I. V. Stalina po iazykoznaniiu.” Russkii iazyk v shkole 4: 1–10.

Dobromyslov, V. A., and N. V. Solov′ev. 1951. “Osnovnye zadachi prepodavaniia russkogo iazyka v shkole v svete ucheniia I. V. Stalina o iazyke.” Russkii iazyk v shkole 1: 15–25.

Dorokhov, Roman and Sergei Smirnov. 2013. “48% ‘V kontakte’ kupil fond Shcherbovich.” Vedomosti (17 April). http://www.vedomosti.ru/companies/news/11258121/ucp_scherbovicha_pokupaet_48_v_kontakte (accessed 18 July 2013).

Dudnikov, A. V. 1988. “Puti perestroiki prepodavaniia rodnogo russkogo iazyka v srednei shkole.” Russkii iazyk v shkole 4: 41–44.

Dziubenko, O. G. 1988. “Obuchenie diskussionnoi rechi.” Russkii iazyk v shkole 6: 30–35.

Dulichenko, Aleksandr D. 1999. Etnosotsiolingvistika “Perestroiki” v SSSR: Antologiia zapechatlennogo vremeni. Munich: Otto Sagner.

Earle, Jonathan. 2013. “Smut-free Web Evokes Censorship Fears,” Moscow Times (5 February). http://www.themoscowtimes.com/news/article/smut-free-web-evokescensorship-fears/475033.html (accessed 22 July 2013).

“Edinoros ne smog zasudit—Naval′nogo za ‘partiiu zhulikov i vorov.’” 2011. Lenta.ru (11 October). http://lenta.ru/news/2011/10/11/navalny/ (accessed 22 July 2013).

“Edinoros opublikoval rolik o ‘partii zhulikov i vorov.’” 2011. Lenta.ru (2 December). http://lenta.ru/news/2011/12/02/bob/ (accessed 22 July 2013).

Elistratov, V. S. 2000. “Argo i kul′ ura.” In Slovarrusskogo argo (materialy 1980–1990-kh gg.), edited by V. S. Elistratov, 574–683. Moscow: Russkie slovari.

———. 2001. “Natsional′nyi iazyk i natsional′naia ideia.” Gramota.ru (2 February). http://www.gramota.ru/biblio/magazines/gramota/28_54 (accessed 22 July 2013).

Emerson, Caryl. 1992. “The Shape of Russian Cultural Criticism in the Post-communist Period.” Canadian Slavonic Papers/Revue canadienne des slavistes 34, no. 4: 353–71.

Emirova, A. M. 1990. “Frazeologiia perestroiki: Tematika i semantika.” Russkii iazyk v shkole 3: 77–81.

“E-nationalism.” 2009. Vedomosti, 29 November.

Enikeeva, Dilara. 1996. “Dusha moia maslenitsa.” Moskovskaia Pravda, 24 February.

Epshtein, Mikhail. 2008. “Glamurnyi god pod znamenem politkonkretnosti.” NG Ex Libris (17 January). http://www.ng.ru/ng_exlibris/2008-01-17/4_slovo.html (accessed 22 July 2013).

Erofeev, Viktor. 2003. “Dirty Words.” The New Yorker, 15 September, 42–48.

(p.208) ———. 2004. “Tsarstvo-mata,” Moskovskie novosti 27 (23 July): 16.

“Evangel′skii tekst i frazeologiia russkogo iazyka.” 1995. Russkii iazyk v shkole 3: 49–52.

Ewing, E. Thomas. 1994. “How Soviet Teachers Taught: Classroom Practices and Stalinist Pedagogy, 1931 to 1939.” East/West Education 15, no. 2: 117–52.

Fairclough, Norman. 2003. “‘Political Correctness’: The Politics of Culture and Language.” Discourse and Society 14, no. 1: 17–28.

Filin, F. P. 1966. “Neskol′ko slov o iazykovoi norme i kul′ture rechi.” Voprosy rechevoi kultury 7: 15–22.

———. 1968. “K probleme sotsial′noi obuslovlennosti iazyka.” In Iayzk i obshchestvo, edited by F. P. Filin, 3–22. Moscow: Nauka.

Filippov, Aleksei. 1999. “Bodalsia kanal s kanalom.” Izvestiia 184 (1 October). http://dlib.eastview.com.lp.hscl.ufl.edu/browse/doc/3177743 (accessed 19 July 2013).

Franklin, Simon. 2002. Writing, Society, and Culture in Early Rus′. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Foucault, Michel. 1972. The Archaeology of Knowledge and the Discourse on Language. New York: Pantheon Books.

Gal, Susan, and Kathryn A. Woolard. 1995. “Constructing Languages and Publics: Authority and Representation.” Pragmatics 5: 129–38.

Ganina, Maia. 2001. “Chtoby ne sgoret′ na vode…. (O russkom iazyke i o russkoi zhizni).” Nash sovremennik 9: 242–51.

Gasparov, Boris. 2004. “Identity in Language?” In National Identity in Russian Culture, edited by Simon Franklin and Emma Widdis, 132–48. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Gavrilov, K., E. Kozievskaia, and E. Iatsenko. 2008. “Russkii iazyk v novykh nezavisimykh gosudarstvakh: Tekushchee sostoianie i perspektivy.” Ekonomicheskoe obozrenie 1: 9–14.

Gellner, Ernest. 1983. Nations and Nationalism. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

“Glasnost′ v rabote sovetov.” 1980. Izvestiia, 15 February.

Gogol′, N. V. [1842] 1951. Mertvye dushi. In Polnoe sobranie sochinenii, vol. 6. Moscow: Izdatel′stvo akademii nauk SSSR.

“Golosui za partiiu zhulikov i vorov!!!” 2011. YouTube. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FAv54E-zrC4&lr=1 (accessed 8 February 2011).

Golovin, B. N. 1956. O kulture russkoi rechi: Nauchno-populiarnyi ocherk. Vologda: Pedogogicheskii institute im. Molotova.

Gorbachev, Mikhail. 1987. Izbrannye rechi i stati. 6 vols. Moscow: Izd. politicheskoi literatury.

———. 1988. Perestroika i novoe myshlenie dlia nashei strany i dlia vsego mira. Moscow: Izd. politicheskoi literatury.

———. 1996. Memoirs. New York: Doubleday.

Gorbachev, Michael, and Zdenek Mlynar. 2002. Conversations with Gorbachev: On Perestroika, the Prague Spring, and the Crossroads of Socialism. Translated by George Shriver. New York: Columbia University Press.

Gorelik, Kristina, and Daisy Sindelar. 2012. “Russian NGOs Say New Bill Will Hurt Cancer Care, Environment, Businesses.” Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (13 July). http://www.rferl.org/content/russia-ngos-bill-foreign-agents-foreign-fundingduma/24644355.html (accessed 13 July 2012).

(p.209) Gorham, Michael S. 1996. “From Charisma to Cant: Models of Public Speaking in Early Soviet Russia.” Canadian Slavonic Papers/Revue canadienne des slavistes 38 (September–December): 331–55.

———. 2000. “Mastering the Perverse: State-Building and Language ‘Purification’ in Early Soviet Russia.” Slavic Review 59: 133–53.

———. 2003. Speaking in Soviet Tongues: Language Culture and the Politics of Voice in Revolutionary Russia. DeKalb: University of Northern Illinois Press.

———. 2006. “Vladimir Putin and the Rise of the New Russian Vulgate.” Groniek: Historisch Tijdschrift 39, no. 172: 297–307.

———. 2011. “Virtual Rusophonia: Language Policy as ‘Soft Power’ in the New Media Age.” Digital Icons: Studies in Russian, Eurasian, and Central European New Media 5: 23–48. http://www.digitalicons.org/issue05/michael-gorham/ (accessed 28 July 2012).

———. 2012. “Medvedev’s New Media Gambit: The Language of Power in 140 Characters or Less.” In Power and Legitimacy: Challenges from Russia, edited by Per-Arne Bodin, Stefan Hedlund, and Elena Namli, 199–219. London: Routledge.

———. 2013. “Putin’s Language.” In Goscilo, Putin as Celebrity and Cultural Icon, 82–103.

———. Forthcoming, 2014. “Politicians Online: The Prospects and Perils of ‘Direct Internet Democracy.’” In Gorham, Lunde, and Paulsen, Digital Russia.

Gorham, Michael S., Ingunn Lunde, and Martin Paulsen. eds. Forthcoming, 2014. Digital Russia: The Language, Culture, and Politics of New Media Communication. New York: Routledge.

Gorny, Evgenii. 2007. “Russkii LiveJournal: Vlianie kul′turnoi identichnosti na razvitie virtual′nogo soobshchestva.” In Konradova, Teubener, and Schmidt, Control + Shift, 109–30. http://www.ruhr-uni-bochum.de/russ-cyb/library/texts/ru/control_shift/Schmidt_Teubener.pdf (accessed 10 February 2012).

Gorodetskaia, Natal′ia, and Maksim Ivanov. 2013. “Obshchestvenniki sistemiziruiut internet.” Kommersant″ (15 July). http://kommersant.ru/doc/2234001 (accessed 19 July 2013).

Goscilo, Helena, ed. 2013. Putin as Celebrity and Cultural Icon. New York: Routledge.

———. “Russia’s Ultimate Celebrity: VVP as VIP Objet d’Art.” In Goscilo, Putin as Celebrity and Cultural Icon, 6–36.

“Gosduma priniala zakonoproekt o razoblachenii ‘inostrannykh agentov’ sredi NKO.” 2012. Pravo.ru (6 July). http://pravo.ru/news/view/74727/ (accessed 10 July 2012).

“Gospoiskovik: Chinovniki ‘slivaiut’ v Internet podrobnosti i vedut podkovernuiu bor′bu.” 2010. CNews.ru (15 July). http://www.internet.cnews.ru/news/top/index.shtml?2010/07/15/401020 (accessed 4 November 2010).

Goux, Jean-Joseph. 1990. Symbolic Economies: After Marx and Freud. Translated by Jennifer Curtis Gage. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

———. 1999. “Cash, Check, or Charge?” In Woodmansee and Osteen, New Economic Criticism, 115–27.

“‘Govorit Moskva….’” 1970. Russkaia rech′ 4: 49–52.

Grachev, M. A. 2001. “V pogone za effektom (Blatnye slova na gazetnoi polose).” Russkaia rech′ 5: 67–72.

Graham, Seth. 2000. “Chernukha and Russian Film.” Studies in Slavic Culture 1: 9–27.

(p.210) Granovskaia, L. M. 1998. “Bibleiskie frazeologizmy: Opyt slovaria.” Russkaia rech′: 1–5.

Graudina, L. K., O. A. Dmitrieva, N. V. Novikova, and E. N. Shiriaev, eds. 1995. My sokhranim tebia, russkaia rech! Moscow: Nauka.

Graudina, L. K., and E. N. Shiriaev, eds. 1994. Kultura parlamentskoi rechi. Moscow: Nauka.

———. 2000. Kultura russkoi rechi: Uchebnik dlia vuzov. Moscow: NORMA.

Grigor′ev, V. P. 1963. “Kul′tura iazyka i iazykovaia politika (Vmesto retsenzii na knigu K. I. Chukovskogo).” Voprosy kultury rechi 4: 5–20.

Grigor′eva, Ekaterina. 2007. “Vladimir Putin: ‘Chtoby stat′ prezidentom, nado uchastvovat′ v vyborakh i pobedit.’” Izvestiia.ru (18 October). http://www.izvestia.ru/russia/article3109471 (accessed 5 August 2013).

Grillo, R. D. 1989. Dominant Languages: Language and Hierarchy in Britain and France. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Grishina, N. S. 2006. “Spravochno-informatsionnye sluzhby russkogo iazyka: Traditsii i sovremennost′.” Russkaia rech′ 6: 47–50.

Gritsenko, A. P. 2007. “Privetstvennoe slovo Predsedatelia VR ARK A. P. Gritsenko na otkrytii Mezhdunarodnoi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii ‘Russkii iazyk v polikul′turnom mire.’” In Gritsenko, Russkii iazyk v polikulturnom mire, 3–8.

Gritsenko, A. P., ed. 2007. Russkii iazyk v polikulturnom mire: Materialy mezhdunarod-noi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii. Simferopol′: Sonat.

Guboglo, M. N. 1998. Iazyki etnicheskoi mobilizatsii. Moscow: Shkola “Iazyki russkoi kul′tury.”

Guseinov, Gasan. 2004. D.S.P.: Sovetskie ideologemy v russkom diskurse 1990-kh. Moscow: Tri kvadrata.

———. 2005. Karta nashei rodiny: Ideologema mezhdu slovom i telom. Moscow: OGI.

———. 2012. Nulevye na konchike iazyka: Kratkii putevoditelpo russkomu diskursu. Moscow: Delo.

Gustafson, Thomas. 1992. Representative Words: Politics, Literature, and the American Language, 1776–1865. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Habermas, Jürgen. [1964] 1974. “The Public Sphere: An Encyclopedia Article.” New German Critique 3: 49–55.

Hall, Stuart. 1990. “Cultural Identity and Disapora.” In Identity: Community, Culture, Difference, edited by J. Rutherford, 222–37. London: Lawrence and Wishart.

———. 1996. “Who Needs ‘Identity’?” In Questions of Cultural Identity, edited by Stuart Hall and Paul Du Gay, 1–17. London: Sage.

Hardt, Michael, and Kathi Weeks, eds. 2000. The Jameson Reader. Oxford, UK: Blackwell.

Hata, Shojun, Koji Abe, and Yosuke Takagi. 2003. Putin: Stairway to Power. Films for the Humanities and Sciences. New York, NY: Film Media Group.

Hodge, Nathan. 2009. “Kremlin Launches ‘School of Bloggers’.” Wired (27 May). http://www.wired.com/dangerroom/2009/05/kremlin-launches-school-of-bloggers/ (accessed 18 July 2013).

Hughes, Geoffrey. 2010. Political Correctness: A History of Semantics and Culture. West Sussex, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.

(p.211) Hunt, Lynn. 1984. Politics, Culture, and Class in the French Revolution. Berkeley: University of California Press.

“Ia idu nabliudatelem na vybory.” 2012. YouTube. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HGwOmBsAAwQ (accessed 15 February 2012).

Iakovlev, Aleksandr. 2001. Omut pamiati: Ot Stolypina do Putina. Moscow: Vagrius.

Iatsenko, E. V., E. V. Kozievskaia, and K. A. Gavrilov, eds. 2008. Russkii iazyk v novykh nezavisimykh gosudarstvakh. http://www.fundeh.org/publications/books/2/ (accessed 6 June 2010).

Iatsiuk, T. A. 1991. “‘Terminotvorchestvo’ totalitarnogo pravosudiia.” Russkaia rech′ 3: 52–57.

“Iazyk gazety.” 1969. Russkaia rech′ 3: 48–66, and 4: 66–82.

Iazyk moi—vrag moi: O grekhe prazdnosloviia. 2000. Moscow: Blago.

Iazyk moi—vrag moi: O grekhe slovom. 1998. Moscow: Izdatel′stvo “Otchii dom.”

Iazykovod. n.d. Tsentr tvorcheskogo razvitiia russkogo iazyka. http://www.russkoeslovo.org/yazykovod (accessed 4 November 2008).

Il′inskaia, I. S., ed. 1969. Kniga o russkom iazyke. Moscow: Izdatel′stvo “Znanie.”

International Forum: The 2005 Federation Law on the Russian Language. 2006. Russian Language Journal 56: 1–100.

“Internet v Rossii: dinamika proniknoveniia. Vesna 2013.” 2013. FOM Internet (11 June). http://runet.fom.ru/posts/10950 (accessed 22 July 2013).

“Interv′iu ital′ianskim informatsionnomu agentstvu ANSA, gazete Korere della sera I telekomanii RAI.” 2003. Kremlin.ru, 3 November. http://archive.kremlin.ru/appears/2003/11/03/2200_type63379_54926.shtml (accessed 12 May 2011).

“Interv′iu Prezidenta Rossii telekanalu RTR v sviazi s tragediei na atomnoi podvodnoi lodke ‘Kursk.’” 2000. Kremlin.ru, 23 August. http://archive.kremlin.ru/text/appears/2000/08/28834 (accessed 24 April 2013).

Ioann, Mitropolit Sankt-Peterburgskii i Ladozhskii. 1995. “Vremeni ostaetsia vse men′she i men′she.” Sovetskaia Rossiia, 4 December.

“Istochnik dukhovnogo obogashcheniia.” 1986. Russkaia rech′ 5: 3–10.

“Itogi 2011: Vlast′ ot bloga.” 2012. Public.ru. http://www.public.ru/blogsmi2011 (accessed 24 August 2012).

Iugov, A. 1959. “Epokha i iazykovoi ‘piatachok.’” Literaturnaia gazeta, 15–17 January.

Ivanitskaia, Nadezhda, and Ivan Filippov. 2008. “Suverennyi Internet: Gosudarstvo ne khochet davat′ inostrannym investoram svobodu vladeniia Internet-provaiderami, a takzhe tipografiiami i pechatnymi SMI.” Vedomosti, 5 March.

Ivanova, S. F. 1991a. “Ritorika zavoevyvaet mesto v shkole.” Russkii iazyk v shkole 2: 8–13.

———. 1991b. “Esli bez ritoriki….” Narodnoe obrazovanie 6: 50–52.

Ivanova, V. F. 1998. “Vesti iz Orfograficheskoi komissii RAN.” Russkaia rech′ 6: 48–51.

“Iz shestodneva Ioanna Ekzarkha Bolgarskogo.” 1998. Russkaia rech′, vols. 1–6.

“Iz ust reformatora: Do sikh por begut murashki po spine, kogda ia slyshu gimn SSSR….” 1996. Sovetskaia Rossiia, 14 May.

Jameson, Fredric. [1984] 1991. Postmodernism, or, The Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism. Durham: Duke University Press.

(p.212) Joseph, John E. 2006. “‘The Grammatical Being Called a Nation’: History and the Construction of Political and Linguistic Nationalism.” In Language and History: Integrationist Perspectives, edited by Nigel Love, 120–41. London: Routledge.

Kalashnikov, V. 1986. “Sila glasnosti.” Kommunist 13: 46–56.

Kalashnikova, Marina. 2000. “Polnomochnyi predstavitel′ Prezidenta v Privolzhskom Federal′nom Okruge Sergei Kirienko schitaet, chto institut polpredov—promezhutochnyi.” Nezavisimaia gazeta, 25 October.

Kantor, Iulii. 2000. “Naselenie—288 millionov.” Izvestiia, 27 October.

Karta pomoshchi. n.d. http://russian-fires.ru/ (accessed 10 February 2012).

“K chitateliu.” 1968. Russkaia rech′ 1: 3–4.

Kara-Murza, E. S. 2001. “Chto v imeni tebe moem.” In “‘Divnyi novyi mir’ rossiiskoi reklamy: Sotsiokul′turnye, stilisticheskie i kul′turno-rechevye aspekty, part 7.” grammota.ru. http://www.gramota.ru/biblio/magazines/gramota/advertizing/28_47 (accessed 2 July 2012).

Karaulov, Iu. N. 1987. Russkii iazyk i iazykovaia lichnost′. Moscow: Nauka.

Kazumova, Emiliia and Natal′ia Fil′kina. 2007. “Eto priamo Putin kakoi-to!” Pressmon.com (22 October). http://www.pressmon.com/cgi-bin/press_view.cgi?id=2115342 (accessed 22 July 2013).

Khan-Pira, Er. 1990. “Stalinizm i stalinshchina.” Russkaia rech′ 2: 142–45.

Kharchenko, V. K. 1997. “Molodezhi o skvernoslovii.” Russkii iazyk v shkole 1: 97–101.

Kharitonov, Valerii. 1994. “Antei, sgoniaemyi s zemli (Besedy o russkom). Moskva 2: 116–19.

Kitaev-Smyk, L. A. 2005. “Seksual′no-verbal′nye zashchita i agressiia (Maternaia rech′ i maternaia rugan′).” In Rechevaia agressiia v sovremennoi kulture: Sbornik nauchnykh trudov, edited by M. V. Zagidullina, 17–21. Cheliabinsk: Cheliabinskii gosudarstvennyi universitet.

Kobzev, Artem. 2012. “Protiv zhulikov i vorov.” Moskovskie novosti, 13 December.

Kolesov, V. V. 2001. Kak nashe slovo otozvettsa. St. Petersburg: Ivan Fedorov.

———. 2004a. Iazyk i mentalnost′. St Petersburg: Peterburgskoe vostokovedenie.

———. 2004b. Slovo i delo: Iz istorii russkikh slov. St. Petersburg: St. Petersburg University Press.

Kolymagin, Boris. 1998. “Iazyk tserkvi.” Literaturnaia gazeta, 30 November.

Koniaev, N. 2007. “Polittekhnologicheskie itogi: God russkogo iazyka.” December. http://www.voskres.ru/idea/konjaev2.htm (accessed 23 April 2008).

Konradova, Natal′ia, Katy Teubener, and Henrike Schmidt, eds. 2007. Control + Shift: Publichnoe i lichnoe v russkom Internete. http://www.ruhr-uni-bochum.de/russ-cyb/library/texts/ru/control_shift/Schmidt_Teubener.pdf (accessed 10 February 2012).

“Konstitutsiia Soiuza Sovetskikh Sotsialisticheskikh Respublik.” 1977. Istoricheskii fakultet MGU (7 October). http://www.hist.msu.ru/ER/Etext/cnst1977.htm (accessed 7 November 2011).

“Kontseptsiia vneshnei politiki 2010 Rossiiskoi Federatsii.” 2008. Kremlin.ru (12 July). http://archive.kremlin.ru/text/docs/2008/07/204108.shtml (accessed 7 June 2010).

Korchenkova, Natal′ia and Sof′ia Samokhina. 2013. “Primaia liniia sobrala ne vsekh.” Kommersant″ (30 April). http://kommersant.ru/doc/2182375 (accessed 18 July 2013).

Korolev, Anatolii. 2001. “Oskorblenie sakral′nogo: Matershchina—magiia novogo vremeni.” Literaturnaia gazeta, 11 April, p. 12.

(p.213) Koroleva, Marina. 2003. Govorim po-russki s Marinoi Korolevoi. Moscow: Slovo.

Koselleck, Reinhart. 2002. The Practice of Conceptual History: Timing History, Spacing Concepts. Translated by Todd Samuel Presner et al. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Kostomarov, V. G. 1959. “Otkuda slovo ‘stiliaga’?” Voprosy kultury rechi 2: 168–75.

———. 1961. “Zheleznyi zanaves.” Voprosy kultury rechi 3: 194–201.

———. 1966. “Aktual′nye voprosy kul′tury rechi.” Voprosy kultury rechi 7: 11–14.

———. 1994. Iazykovoi vkus epokhi: Iz nabliudenii nad rechevoi praktikoi mass-media. Moscow: Pedagogika Press.

———. 1999. “Bez russkogo iazyka u nas net budushchego.” Russkaia rech′ 4: 3–10.

Kostomarov, V. G., and L. I. Skvortsov, eds. 1970. Aktualnye problemy kultury rechi. Moscow: Nauka.

Kotriakhov, N. V., and L. E. Holmes. 1993. Teoriia i praktika trudovoi shkoly v Rossii (1917–1932 gg). Kirov: Kirovskii gosudarstvennyi pedagogicheskii institute im. V. I. Lenina.

Kozenko, Andrei, and Lolita Gruzdeva. 2012. “K Vladimiru Putinu obratilis′ iazykom plakata.” Kommersant″ (1 February). http://www.kommersant.ru/doc/1863345 (accessed 6 February 2012).

Kozhemiako, Viktor. 1995. “Chto predlagaet chitateliam Aleksandr Prokhanov Zavtra.” Sovetskaia Rossiia, 4 December.

Kozhin, A. N. 1969. “Voennoe slovo v rechi V. I. Lenina.” Russkaia rech′ 4: 3–6.

———. 1973. “Slovo Ia. M. Sverdlova-propagandista.” Russkaia rech′ 1: 84–86.

Kramer, Andrew E. 2011. “Russian Site Smokes Out Corruption.” New York Times, 27 March. http://www.nytimes.com/2011/03/28/business/global/28investor.html?pagewanted=all (accessed 20 February 2012).

Kratkii politicheskii slovar′. 1989. Moscow: Izd. Politicheskoi literatury.

“Kremlin Allies’ Expanding Control of Runet Provokes Only Limited Opposition.” 2010. U.S. Office of the Director of National Intelligence: Open Source Center (28 February). http://www.fas.org/irp/dni/osc/runet.pdf (accessed 3 May 2010).

Krongauz, Maksim. 2003. “Slovo pod lupoi.” Otechestvennye zapiski 4. http://www.strana-oz.ru/2003/4/slovo-pod-lupoy (accessed 13 August 2012).

———. 2005. “Zametki rasserzhennogo obyvatelia.” Otechestvennye zapiski 2. http://www.strana-oz.ru/2005/2/zametki-rasserzhennogo-obyvatelya (accessed 25 July 2012).

———. 2007. “‘Lingvist ne mozhet byt′ diktatorom….’” Russkii zhurnal, 10 December. www.russ.ru//culture/besedy/lingvist_ne_mozhet_byt_diktatorom (accessed 10 December 2007).

———. 2008. Russkii iazyk na grani nervnogo sryva. Moscow: Znak “Iazyki slavianskikh kul′tur.”

———. 2013. SamouchitelOlbanskogo. Moscow: AST.

Kulikov, Vladislav. 2009. “Imennoi fond Interneta.” Rossiiskaia gazeta, 29 September.

Laruelle, Marlene. 2006. “‘Russkaia diaspora’ i ‘rossiiskie sootechestvenniki’.” In Demokratiia vertikali, edited by A. Verkhovskii, 185–212 (Moscow: Tsentr ‘Sova’).

Lastochkin. Viktor. 2010. “Putin skazal vsiu pravdu ob Internete: 50%—eto pornografiia.” UralDaily.ru (25 January). http://uraldaily.ru/politika/381.html (accessed 18 May 2010).

(p.214) Latukhina, Kira. 2011. “Vsegda govorit′ pravdu: Vladimir Putin otvetil kritikam ‘Edinoi Rossii’—Rezul′tat u partii khoroshii.” Rossiiskaia gazeta, 7 December. http://www.rg.ru/2011/12/07/putin.html (accessed 22 February 2012).

Lenin, V. I. 1902. “Chto delat′?: Nabolevshie voprosy nashego dvizheniia.” Biblioteka gazety “Revoliutsii.” http://www.revolucia.ru/chto_del2.htm (accessed 7 November 2011).

Lévy, Pierre. 2001. Cyberculture. Translated by Robert Bononno. Electronic Mediations 4. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Likhachev, D. S. [1935] 1992. “Cherty pervobytnogo primitivizma vorovskoi rechi.” In Baldaev, Belko, and Isupov, Slovartiuremno-lagerno-blatnogo zhargona, 354–98.

Lincoln, W. Bruce. 1982. In the Vanguard of Reform: Russia’s Enlightened Bureaucrats, 1825–1861. DeKalb: Northern Illinois University Press.

Liuboshits, S. M. 1991. “Shtampy: Moda ili neobkhodimost′?” Russkaia rech′ 2: 66–70.

Liustrova, Z. N., and L. I. Skvortsov. 1972. Mir rodnoi rechi: Besedy o russkom iazyke i kulture rechi. Moscow: Izdatel′stvo Znanie.

Liustrova, Z. N., L. I. Skvortsov, and V. Ia. Deriagin. 1987. O kulture russkoi rechi. Moscow: Znanie.

Lotman, Iu., and B. Uspenskii. 1975. “Spory o iazyke v nachale XIX v. kak fakt russkoi kul′tury (‘Proisshestvie v tsarstve tenei, ili sud′bina rossiiskogo iazyka’—Neizvestnoe sochinenie Semena Bobrova).” In Trudy po russkoi i slavianskoi filologii, XXIV: literaturovedenie, edited by B. F. Egorov and B. Gasparov, 168–254. Uchenye zapiski tartuskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta 358. Tartu: Tartuskii gosudarstvennyi universitet.

Lynch, Kevin. 1960. The Image of the City. Cambridge: MIT Press.

Makarov, Iurii. 1996. “Otvet′te mne oral′no, pristebyvaia gubami (Otkrytoe pis′mo diktoru radio rossii T. Vizbor).” Molodaia gvardiia 5: 239–57.

Mal′tsev, Vladislav. 2012. “Sakramental′noe prestuplenie Pussy Riot.” Nezavisimaia gazeta—NG Religiia, 13 July. http://www.ng.ru/regions/2012-07-13/1_riot.html (accessed 18 July 2012).

“Mama umiraet!” 2012. Onlain-priemnaia Gubernatora Vologodskoi oblasti Olega Kuvshinnikova (26 April). http://www.vopros.vologda-oblast.ru/requests/4800.html (accessed 20 July 2012).

Marr, N. Ia. 1927. Iafeticheskaia teoriia: Programma obshchego kursa ucheniia ob iazyke. Baku: AzGIZ.

———. 1930. “K reforme pis′ma i grammatiki.” Russkii iazyk v sovetskoi shkole 4: 44–48.

———. [1931] 1977. “Iazyk i myshlenie.” In Iazyk i myshlenie. Russian Titles for the Specialist 107. Letchworth, UK: Prideaux Press.

Martynova, A. N., and V. V. Mitrofanova, eds. 1986. Poslovitsy. Pogovorki. Zagadki. Moscow: Sovremennik.

Martyshchuk, Dar′ia. 2011. “‘Edinaia Rossiia’ gotovitsia podat′ v sud na Alekseia Naval′nogo.” Kommersant″, 16 February. http://www.kommersant.ru/doc/1586410 (accessed 5 August 2013).

McLuhan, Marshall. [1964] 2003. Understanding Media: The Extensions of Man. Critical ed. Edited by W. Terrence Gordon. Corte Madera, CA: Gingko Press.

Medvedev, Dmitrii. 2010. “Griadet epokha vozvrashcheniia neposredstvennoi demokratii.” Videoblog Dmitriia Medvedeva (31 May). http://blog-medvedev.livejournal.com/49512.html (accessed 7 March 2013).

(p.215) Medvedev, S. 1995. “SSSR: Dekonstruktsiia teksta (K 77-letiiu sovetskogo diskursa).” In Inoe: Khrestomatiia novogo rossiiskogo samosoznaniia. http://old.russ.ru:8083/antolog/inoe/medved.htm (accessed 25 July 2012).

Medvedeva, Irin, and Tat′iana Shishova. 1997. “Strakhi vzroslye i detskie.” Oktiabr′ 9: 133–45.

Mickiewicz, Ellen. 1991. “Ethnicity and Soviet Television News.” The Carter Center. http://www.cartercenter.org/documents/1221.pdf (accessed 17 August 2012).

Miroshnichenko, Nadezhda. 1996. “Ochishchenie natsional′nogo soznaniia.” Literaturnaia Rossiia 26.

Mishatina, N. L. 1996. “Obraz Rossii na rechevedcheskikh urokakh v piatom klasse.” Russkii iazyk v shkole 2: 41–45.

Miller, James. 2000. “Is Bad Writing Necessary?: George Orwell, Theodor Adorno, and the Politics of Literature.” Lingua Franca 9, no. 9. http://linguafranca.mirror.theinfo.org/9912/writing.html (accessed 28 March 2008).

“Mochit′ v peshchere.” 2006. Kommersant″ 22 (8 February). www.kommersant.ru/doc/html?docId-647638 (accessed 16 April 2006).

“Moia prekrasnaia niania.” n.d. vilavi.ru. http://www.vilavi.ru/sud/310508/310508.shtml (accessed 19 July 2011).

Mokienko, V. M. 1994. “Substandartnaia frazeologiia russkogo iazyka i nekotorye problemy ee lingvisticheskogo izucheniia.” In Dinamika russkogo slova: Mezhvuzovskii sbornik statei k 60-letiiu Prof. V. V. Kolesova, edited by V. M. Mokienko, 154–73. St. Petersburg: St. Petersburg University Press.

Mokienko, V. M., and T. G. Nikinitan. 1998. Tolkovyi slovariazyka Sovdepiia. St. Petersburg: Folio-Press.

Morozov, Sergei. 1997. “‘… Nash dar bessmertnyi-rech′.’” Narodnoe obrazovanie 9: 197–200.

Moslakova, Vera. 2012. “Effektivnye uvol′neniia.” Novye izvestiia, 8 June. http://www.newizv.ru/economics/2012-06-08/164723-effektivnye-uvolnenija.html (accessed 11 July 2012).

Naidich, Larisa. 1995. Sled na peske: Ocherki o russkom iazykovom uzuse. St. Petersburg: St. Petersburg University Press.

Navalny, Aleksei. 2011a. “Spoem?” 28 September. Navalnyi. http://navalny.livejournal.com/625374.html (accessed 22 February 2012).

———. 2011b. “Tvoia pesenka speta.” Navalnyi. http://navalny.livejournal.com/664805.html (accessed 8 February 2012).

———. 2012. “‘Chernye spiski runeta.’” Navalny (10 July). http://navalny.livejournal.com/719705.html (accessed 12 July 2012).

“Navstrechu XXIV s″ezdu partii.” 1971. Russkaia rech′ 2: 3–7.

Neidhart, Christoph. 2003. Russia’s Carnival: The Smells, Sights, and Sounds of Transition. New York: Rowman & Littlefield.

“New Putin’s Dialogue with Russians Has Every Chance to Set New Record.” 2007. Itar-Tass (14 October), as reported on Johnson’s Russia List, no. 215 (2007).

“Novye slova.” 1968. Russkaia rech′ 5: 107–9.

Novyi slovarrusskogo iazyka. n.d. Rubrikon. www.rubrikon.com (accessed 17 July 2013).

Oates, Sarah. 2013. The Political Limits of the Internet in the Post-Soviet Sphere. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

(p.216) Obnorskii, S. P. [1944] 1960. “Pravil′nosti i nepravil′nosti sovremennogo russkogo literaturnogo iazyka.” In Obnorskii, Izbrannye raboty po russkomu iazyku, 253–72.

———. [1949] 1960. “Kul′tura russkogo iazyka.” In Obnorskii, Izbrannye raboty po russkomu iazyku, 272–93.

———, ed. 1960. Izbrannye raboty po russkomu iazyku. Moscow: Gosudarstvennoe uchebno-pedagogicheskoe izdatel′stvo Ministerstva Prosveshcheniia RSFSR.

“O domene RF.” n.d. RF—Domen Rossii! http://za-rf.ru/node/5 (accessed 16 July 2010).

“O federal′noi tselevoi programme ‘Russkii iazyk.’” 1997. Russkaia rech′ 1: 36.

“O federal′noi tselevoi programme ‘Russkii iazyk.’” 2002. Informatsionno-analiticheskie materialy Gosudarstvennoi Dumy. http://iam.duma.gov.ru/node/2/4422/14451 (accessed 7 August 2012).

Ofitova, Svetlana. 2000. “Putin mozhet delat′ vse, chto zakhochet.” Segodnia 44 (28 February). http://dlib.eastview.com.lp.hscl.ufl.edu/browse/doc/1986062 (accessed 5 August 2013).

“O Fonde.” n.d. Fond Russkii Mir. http://www.russkiymir.ru/russkiymir/ru/fund/about (accessed 19 February 2010).

Ol′bik, Aleksandr. 2002. Prezident. Donetsk: Stalker.

“Oppozitsionery povesili naprotiv Kremlia antiputinskii banner.” 2012. Ridus (1 February). http://www.ridus.ru/news/20176/ (accessed 20 February 2012).

Orwell, George. [1946] 1981. “Politics and the English Language.” In A Collection of Essays, 156–70. San Diego: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.

Osteen, Mark, and Martha Woodmansee. 1999. “Taking Account of the New Economic Criticism: An Historical Introduction.” In Woodmansee and Osteen, New Economic Criticism, 3–50.

Ozhegov, S. I. 1955a. [preface]. Voprosy kultury rechi 1: 1–4.

———. 1955b. “Ocherednye voprosy kul′tury rechi.” Voprosy kultury rechi 1: 5–33.

Parnakh, Aleksandr. 1997. “Govoriat, kak pishut.” Znamia 10: 236.

Parthé, Kathleen. 1997. “Russia’s ‘Unreal Estate’: Cognitive Mapping and National Identity.” Washington, DC: Woodrow Wilson Center, Kennan Institute for Advanced Russian Studies.

Paulsen, Martin. 2009. “Hegemonic Language and Literature: Russian Metadiscourse on Language in the 1990s.” PhD diss., University of Bergen, Norway.

Pavlov, Ivan. 2012. “‘Edinoi Rossii’ gotoviat reorganizatsiiu.” Novaia politika (9 February). http://www.novopol.ru/—edinoy-rossii-gotovyat-reorganizatsiyu-text117406.html (accessed 13 February 2012).

“Perekoshennye khari.” 2000. Delovye liudi 115 (1 October).

“Perepiska nashistov.” 2012. Besttoday.ru. http://besttoday.ru/subjects/952_2.html (accessed 19 April 2013).

Pervyisezd narodnykh deputatov SSSR, 25 maia–9 iiunia 1989 g.: Stenograficheskii otchet. 1989. 2 vols. Moscow: Izd. Verkhovnogo soveta SSSR.

“Peskov oprovergaet tsenzuru na saite ‘Putin-2012.’” 2012. Novyi region 2 (12 January). http://www.nr2.ru/election/367151.html (accessed 26 February 2012).

Pesmen, Dale. 2000. Russia and Soul: An Exploration. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

Petrova, E. N. 1949. “Nikolai Iakovlevich Marr i ego znachenie dlia sovetskoi shkoly.” Russkii iazyk v shkole 5: 26–32.

(p.217) Petukhov, A. S. 1992. “Iazyk perestroiki ili perestroika iazyka?: Deeprichastie v usloviiakh glasnosti.” Russkaia rech′ 2: 57–63.

“Phone-in with Putin: No Drinking, No Smoking, No Chewing during the Broadcast.” 2006. Regnum.ru (25 October). http://www.regnum.ru/english/727989.html (accessed 26 July 2012).

Piniashev, N. F. 1987. “Vospitanie grazhdanstvennosti na urokakh russkogo iazyka v VII–VIII klassakh.” Russkii iazyk v shkole 3: 46–47.

Pinsker, Dmitrii. 2000. “Poligon.” Itogi 46 (14 November): 25–28.

Plato. 1994. Gorgias. Translated by Robin Waterfield. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Plutser-Sarno, Aleksei. 2000. “Russkii vorovskoi slovar′ kak kul′turnyi fenomen.” Logos 2: 209–17.

———. 2001. “Maternyi slovar′ kak fenomen russkoi kul′tury: Russkaia nepristoinaia leksika v slovariakh XIX–XX vv.” In Bolshoi slovarmata, vol. 1, edited by A. Plutser-Sarno, 49–74. St. Petersburg: Limbus Press.

“Pochta Russkoi rechi.” 1967. Russkaia rech′ 4: 78–86, and 5: 111–17.

“Pochta Russkoi rechi.” 1968. Russkaia rech′ 4: 110–24.

“Pochta Russkoi rechi.” 1969. Russkaia rech′ 1: 120–25.

Popova, Mariia. 2008. “Kirillicheskii zanaves.” Kommersant-Biznes (25 September). http://www.kommersant.ru/doc.aspx?DocsID=1027838 (accessed 16 July 2010).

Popova, Z. D., and I. A. Sternin, eds. 2002. Iazyk i natsionalnoe soznanie: Nauchnoe izdanie. 3rd ed. Voronezh: Istoki.

“Por′vu za Putina!” 2011. YouTube (uploaded by Armiia Putina on 13 July). http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1Easr8WTwxs (accessed 22 February 2012).

Postman, Neil. 1992. Technopoly: The Surrender of Culture to Technology. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.

Potapov, N. 1991. “Mat v pereplete.” Pravda, 21 November. Reprinted in Etnosotsiolingvistika “Perestroiki” v SSSR: Antologiia zapechatlennogo vremeni, edited by Aleksandr D. Dulichenko, 240. Munich: Otto Sagner, 1999.

“Press-konferentsiia Prezidenta.” 2001. Prezident Rossii (18 July). http://archive.kremlin.ru/appears/2001/07/18/0000_type63380type82634_28591.shtml (accessed 27 April 2013).

“Press-konferentsiia Prezidenta Rossii.” 2002. Prezident Rossii (24 June). http://archive.kremlin.ru/text/appears/2002/06/29002.shtml (accessed 27 April 2013).

“Prezentatsionnyi rolik Fonda ‘Russkii Mir.’” n.d. Fond Russkii Mir. http://www.russkiymir.ru/russkiymir/ru/video/presentation.html (accessed 2 April 2010).

Priadko, P. 2001. “Doreformennaia orfografiia i sovremennaia reklama.” Russkii iazyk (9 February). http://www.gramota.ru/biblio/magazines/gramota/28_57 (accessed 9 August 2012).

“Priamaia liniia s Prezidentom Rossii Vladimirom Putinym.” 2006. http://www.president-line.ru/ (accessed 26 July 2012).

“Protiv idealizma v iazykoznanii.” 1949. Russkii iazyk v shkole 1: 70–73.

“Protiv PZhiV.” 2012. “Konkurs spoem.” YouTube. http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=076597D3249D81B8 (accessed 22 February 2012).

Putin, Vladimir. 2000. First Person: An Astonishingly Frank Self-Portrait by Russia’s President. New York: Public Affairs.

(p.218) ———. 2001a. “Interv′iu nemetskomu zhurnalu Fokus. Prezident Rossii: Ofitsialnyi sait (19 September). http://archive.kremlin.ru/text/appears/2001/09/28637.shtml (accessed 1 May 2012).

———. 2001b. “Vystuplenie Prezidenta Rossiiskoi Federatsii V. V. Putina na Kongresse sootechestvennikov, prozhivaiushchikh za rubezhom.” (11 October). http://www.mosds.ru/Meria/meria_merop_KongPut.shtml (accessed 14 June 2010).

———. 2006. “Vystuplenie na gosudarstvennom prieme, posviashchennom Dniu narodnogo edinstva.” Kremlin.ru (4 November). http://archive.kremlin.ru/appears/2006/11/04/1601_type82634type122346_113418.shtml (accessed 5 November 2010).

———. 2007. “Poslanie Federal′nomu Sobraniiu Rossiiskoi Federatsii.” Kremlin.ru (26 April). http://archive.kremlin.ru/appears/2007/04/26/1156_type63372type63374type82634_125339.shtml (accessed 24 September 2010).

———. 2012. “Demokatiia i kachestvo gosudarstva.” Kommersant″ (6 February). http://www.kommersant.ru/doc/1866753 (accessed 6 February 2012).

Putinki: Kratkii sbornik izrechenii prezidenta. 2004. Moscow: Ekho buk.

Pyrma, Roman. 2012. Personal e-mail to Artem Lazarev, 20 January, re-posted at kremlingate (24 February 2012). http://lj.rossia.org/users/kremlingate/ (accessed 19 April 2013).

Radzikhovskii, Leonid. 1999. “Shchedraia na razrushenie dusha.” Segodnia 254 (10 November). http://dlib.eastview.com.lp.hscl.ufl.edu/browse/doc/2072495 (accessed 5 August 2013).

———. 2008. “Led taet, no klimat ne meniaetsia.” Rossiiskaia gazeta, 3 March.

Ramenskii, Evgenii. 1998. “Nash novoiaz—iavilsia anglofenei: O iazyke i natsional′nom chuvstve.” Literaturnaia gazeta, 24 June.

Reshetov, Ivan. 1999. “Kolokola pechal′noi vesti.” Sovetskaia Rossiia, 9 February.

Reznichenko, I. L. 1997. “Novye knigi po kul′ture rechi.” Russkii iazyk v shkole 2: 108–12.

Ries, Nancy. 1997. Russian Talk: Culture and Conversation during Perestroika. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

Rodchenko, O. D., and L. A. Koreneva. 1990. “Diskussiia kak forma obshcheniia na uroke russkogo iazyka.” Russkii iazyk v shkole 4: 7–16.

Rodnianskaia, Irina. 1997. “Iazyk pravoslavnogo bogosluzheniia kak prepiatstvie k raskul′turivaniiu sovremennoi Rossii.” Literaturnaia ucheba 5–6: 86–93.

Rogozin, Dmitrii. 2011. “Slava Rossii: Dmitrii Rogozin protiv zhulikov, vorov i predatelei.” Rodina.ru. http://rodina.ru/kronews.php?id=340 (accessed 16 February 2012).

Rollins, Patrick J., ed. 1993. First Congress of People’s Deputies of the USSR, 25 May–9 June 1989: The Stenographic Record. Vols. 1–2. Gulf Breeze, FL: Academic International Press.

Romashkova, Natal′ia. 2013. “Vladimir Zhirinovskii predlagaet ochistet′ russkii iazyk ot amerikanizmov.” Novosti@mail.ru (22 January). http://news.mail.ru/politics/11692099/ (accessed 5 April 2013).

Rosenberg, Scott. 2009. Say Everything: How Blogging Began, What It’s Becoming, and Why It Matters. New York: Three Rivers Press.

(p.219) “Rossiia bez Putina?: Apokalipsis zavtra!” 2012. YouTube (uploaded on 3 February by genrihlkov1223). http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-9-5NBaAEsI (accessed 22 February 2012).

“Rossiiane pishut predlozheniia na predvybornyi sait Putina, samoe populiarnoe—ukhodite.” 2012. Gazeta.ru (12 January). http://www.gazeta.ru/news/blogs/2012/01/12/n_2163149.shtml (accessed 21 August 2012).

Rudniakov, A. N. 2007. “Russkii iazyk v polikul′turnom mire.” In Gritsenko, Russkii iazyk v polikulturnom mire, 15–16.

Rudnitskii, Valerii, Vladimir Parfenov, Anatolii Larchenkov, and Vladimir Khristoforov. 1996. “Nuzhen zakon o zashchite chistoty russkogo iazyka.” Literaturnaia Rossiia 13 (29 March): 11.

“Russian Bank Used by Anti-govt. Blogger Investigated.” 2012. Reuters (15 February). http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/02/15/russia-blogger-idUSL5E8DF6KI20120215 (accessed 20 February 2012).

“Russian TV Highlights, 23–29 October 2006.” 2006. BBC Monitoring (30 October), as reprinted in Johnson’s Russia List, no. 244 (2006).

“Russian Twitter Political Protests ‘Swamped by Spam.’” 2011. BBC News: Technology (9 December). http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-16108876 (accessed 13 July 2012).

“Russkii kak inostrannyi.” 2006. Kommersant″ (17 August): 7.

Ryazanova-Clarke, Lara. 2006. “‘The Crystallization of Structures’: Linguistic Culture in Putin’s Russia.” In Landslide of the Norm: Language Culture in Post-Soviet Russia, edited by Ingunn Lunde and Tine Roesen, 31–63. Bergen, Norway: Slavica Bergensia.

———. 2008. “Putin’s Nation: Discursive Construction of National Identity in Direct Line with the President.” In Instrumentarii rusistiki: Korpusnye podkhody, Slavica Helsingiensia 34, edited by A. Mustaioki, M. V. Kopotev, L. A. Biriulina, and E. Iu. Protasova, 311–31. Helsinki: Slavica Helsingiensia.

Ryl′nikova, I. L. 1990. “Iz istorii russkoi shkol′noi ritoriki.” Russkii iazyk v shkole 4: 23–27.

Sakharov, Andrei. 1992. Moscow and Beyond: 1986 to 1989. New York: Vintage.

Saliaev, V. A. 1995. “O sotsial′nykh dialektakh russkogo iazyka.” Russkii iazyk v shkole 3: 78–84.

———. 1996. “Ob osnovnykh etapakh evoliutsii argoticheskogo slova.” Russkii iazyk v shkole 5: 90–93.

Samsonova, Tonia, Roman Dobrokhotov, and Konstantin Beniumov. 2011. “Vybory nachalis′?: V ‘Feisbuke’ rastet aktivnost′ politicheskikh botov.” Slon.ru (12 October). http://www.slon.ru/russia/kremlevskie_trolli-688096.xhtml (accessed 24 February 2012).

Sarnov, Benedikt. 2005. Nash sovetskii novoiaz: Malenkaia entsiklopediia realnogo sotsializma. Moscow: Eksmo.

Saussure, Ferdinand de. 1993. Third Course of Lectures in General Linguistics (1910–1911): From the Notebooks of Emile Constantin. Language and Communication Library 12. Translated and edited by E. Komatsu and R. Harris. Oxford: Pergamon.

(p.220) Schmidt, Henrike, and Katy Teubener. 2006. “‘Our RuNet’?: Cultural Identity and Media Usage.” In Konradova, Teubener, and Schmidt, Control + Shift, 14–21. http://www.ruhr-uni-bochum.de/russ-cyb/library/texts/en/control_shift/Schmidt_Teubener_Identity.pdf (accessed 24 August 2012).

———. 2007. “Rossiiskii Internet kak (al′ternativnaia) publichnaia sfera?” In Konradova, Teubener, and Schmidt, Control + Shift, 75–107. http://www.ruhr-unibochum.de/russ-cyb/library/texts/ru/control_shift/Schmidt_Teubener.pdf (accessed 10 February 2012).

Sedakov, Pavel. 2013. “Lesnoe pravo: Kak delo ‘Kirovlesa’ dovelo Alekseia Naval′nogo do suda.” Forbes, 17 April. http://www.forbes.ru/sobytiya/obshchestvo/237700lesnoe-pravo-kak-delo-kirovlesa-dovelo-alekseya-navalnogo-do-suda (accessed 19 April 2013).

Seifrid, Thomas. 2005. The Word Made Self: Russian Writings on Language, 1860–1930. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

Seriot, Patrick. 1985. Analyse du discours politique soviétique. Cultures et sociétés de l’Est 2. Paris: Institut d’études Slaves.

Severskaia, Ol′ga. 2004. Govorim po-russki s Olgoi Severskoi. Moscow: Slovo.

Sewell, William H., Jr. 1999. “The Concept(s) of Culture.” In Beyond the Cultural Turn: New Directions in the Study of Society and Culture, edited by Victoria E. Bonnell and Lynn Hunt, 35–61. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Shanskii, N. M. 1980. “Novye slova sovetskoi epokhi.” Russkaia rech′ 5: 3–9.

Shaposhnikov, V. N. 1998. Russkaia rech1990-kh: Sovremennaia Rossiia v iazykovom otobrazhenii. Moscow: MALP.

Shapovalov, Vladimir. 1991. “Kto nas uchit russkomu iazyku.” Molodaia gvardiia 2: 272–81.

Shchedrovitskii, Petr. 2000a. “Russkii mir: Vozmozhnye tseli samoopredeleniia.” Nezavisimaia gazeta, 11 February.

———. 2000b. “Gosudarstvo v epokhu gumanitarnykh tekhnologii.” Russkii zhurnal, 21 July. http://old.russ.ru/politics/meta/20000721_sch.html (accessed 9 June 2010).

Shcherba, L. V. [1931] 1974. “O troiakom aspekte iazykovykh iavlenii i ob eksperimente v iazykoznanii.” In L. V. Shcherba, Iazykovaia sistema i rechevaia deiatelnost′, 24–39. Leningrad: Izd. Nauka, Leningradskoe otdelenie.

———. [1939] 1957. “Sovremennyi russkii literaturnyi iazyk.” In L. V. Shcherba, Izbrannye raboty po russkomu iazyku, 113–29. Moscow: Gosudarstvennoe uchebnopedagogichskoe izdatel′stvo Ministerstva prosveshcheniia RSFSR.

Shchuplov, Aleksandr. 2002. “Kanaet vor, nasadkoi laviruia…. Nadolgo l′ nynche zadremala dusha v ob′iatiiakh kriminala?” Nezavisimaia gazeta 169 (16 August).

Shmelev, Aleksei Dmitrievich. 1996. “Leksicheskii sostav russkogo iazyka kak otrazhenie ‘russkoi dushi.’” Russkii iazyk v shkole 4: 83–90.

———. 1998. “‘Shirokaia’ russkaia dusha.” Russkaia rech′ 1: 48–55.

———. 2005. “Lozhnaia trevoga i podlinnaia beda.” Otechestvennye zapiski 2. http://magazines.russ.ru/oz/2005/2/2005_2_2-pr.html (accessed 13 February 2006).

Shvartskopf, B. S. 1970. “Ocherk razvitiia teoreticheskikh vzgliadov na normu v sovetskom iazykoznanii.” In Aktualnye problemy kultury rechi, edited by V. G. Kostomarov and L. I. Skvortsov, 369–404. Moscow: Izdatel′stvo “Nauka.”

(p.221) Shvedova, N. Iu., et al. 2001. Slovari kultura russkoi rechi: K 100-letiiu so dnia rozhdeniia S. I. Ozhegova. Moscow: Indrik.

Shvetsova, Elena. 1996. “Kak nashe slovo otzovetsia….” Novyi mir 5: 230–35.

Sidorenko, Alexey. 2010a. “Networks of Paid Bloggers Exposed.” Global Voices (10 June). http://globalvoicesonline.org/2010/06/10/russia-networks-of-paid-bloggers-exposed/ (accessed 24 February 2012).

———. 2010b. “Russia: New Initiatives Indicate Government’s Fear of the New Media.” Global Voices (28 June). http://globalvoicesonline.org/2010/06/28/russia-new-initiatives-indicate-governments-fear-of-the-new-media/ (accessed 13 July 2010).

———. 2011. “Election Day DDoS-alypse.” Global Voices (5 December). http://www.globalvoicesonline.org/2011/12/05/russia-election-day-ddos-alypse/ (accessed 22 February 2012).

“Sila glasnosti.” 1984. Izvestiia, 25 May.

Skatov, Nikolai. 1996. “‘… i slovo bylo Bog.’” Nash sovremennik 9: 153–60.

“Skoraia Lingvisticheskaia.” 1974. Russkaia rech′ 3: 80–83.

Skvortsov, L. I. 1964. “Ob otsenkakh iazyka molodezhi (zhargon i iazykovaia politika).” Voprosy kultury rechi 5: 45–70.

———. 1969. “Osnovy normalizatsii russkogo iazyka.” Russkaia rech′ 4: 42–51.

———. 1980. Teoreticheskie osnovy kultury rechi. Moscow: Izdatel′stvo Nauka.

———. 1988. “Kul′tura iazyka i ekologiia iazyka.” Russkaia rech′ 5: 3–9.

———. 1994a. “Iazyk, obshchenie i kul′tura (Ekologiia i iazyk).” Russkii iazyk v shkole 1: 81–86.

———. 1994b. “Iazyk, kul′tura i nravstvennost′.” Russkii iazyk v shkole 2: 100–106.

———. 1994c. “Chto ugrozhaet literaturnomu iazyku? (Razmyshleniia o sostoianii sovremennoi rechi).” Russkii iazyk v shkole 5: 99–105.

Slepak, Vladimir. 2012. “Davai vpered, Vladimir Putin!” YouTube (uploaded on 11 January). http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RNFaHppNrXc (accessed 25 Februrary 2012).

“Sluzhba iazyka.” 1965. Voprosy kultury rechi 6: 196–217.

Solzhenitsyn, A. I. 1990. Russkii slovariazykovogo rasshireniia. Moscow: Nauka.

“Soveshchanie, posviashchennoe tvorcheskomu naslediiu Akademika N. Ia. Marra.” 1945. Russkii iazyk v shkole 3: 67–73.

“Sovet po russkomu iazyku pri Prezidente Rossiiskoi Federatsii.” 1996. Russkaia rech′ 4: 52.

Stalin, I. 1950. Marksizm i voprosy iazykoznaniia. Moscow: 3-ia tipografiia “Krasnyi proletarii” Glavpoligrafizdata pri Sovete Ministrov SSSR.

Stanovaya, Tatiana. 2013. “Vladimir Putin’s ‘Indirect Line’.” Institute of Modern Russia (2 May). http://www.imrussia.org/en/politics/451-vladimir-putins-qindirect-lineq?utm_source=Institute+of+Modern+Russia+newsletter&utm_campaign=136cfb8acf-Newsletter+05%2F03%2F2013_English&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_279627583b-136cfb8acf-321631577 (accessed 18 July 2013).

Starkova, N. V. 1992. “Imidzh.” Russkaia rech′ 5: 61–62.

Starkovskii, A.M. 1986. “O propagande russkogo iazyka v shkole.” Russkii iazyk v shkole 2: 34–35.

(p.222) “Statisticheskie dannye ob obrashcheniiakh grazhdan v khode ‘Priamoi linii s Prezidentom Rossii.’” 2006. Prezident Rossii. www.kremlin.ru/events/articles/2006/10/112759/113198.html (accessed 8 November 2006).

“Stenogramma priamogo tele-i radioefira (‘Priamaia linia s Prezidentom Rossii’).” 2001. Prezident Rossii (24 December). http://archive.kremlin.ru/text/appears/2001/12/28759.shtml (accessed 26 July 2012).

“Stenogramma priamogo tele-i radioefira (‘Priamaia linia s Prezidentom Rossii’).” 2002. Prezident Rossii (19 December). http://archive.kremlin.ru/text/appears/2002/12/29647.shtml (accessed 26 July 2012).

“Stenogramma priamogo tele-i radioefira (‘Priamaia linia s Prezidentom Rossii’).” 2003. Prezident Rossii (18 December). http://www.archive.kremlin.ru/text/appears/2003/12/57398.shtml (accessed 26 July 2012).

“Stenogramma priamogo tele-i radioefira (‘Priamaia linia s Prezidentom Rossii’).” 2005. Prezident Rossii (27 September). http://www.archive.kremlin.ru/text/appears/2005/09/94308.shtml (accessed 26 July 2012).

“Stenogramma priamogo tele-i radioefira (‘Priamaia linia s Prezidentom Rossii’).” 2006. Prezident Rossii (25 October). http://archive.kremlin.ru/text/appears/2006/10/112959.shtml (accessed 26 July 2012).

“Stenogramma priamogo tele-i radioefira (‘Priamaia linia s Prezidentom Rossii’).” 2007. Prezident Rossii (18 October). http://archive.kremlin.ru/appears/2007/10/18/1259_type82634type146434_148629.shtml (accessed 26 July 2012).

“Stenogramma ‘Priamoi linii s Prezidentom Rossii.’” 2002. Moscow, Kremlin (19 December).

“Stenogramma programmy ‘Razgovor s Vladimirom Putinym: Prodolzhenie.’” 2011. Pravitelstvo Rossiiskoi Federatsii (15 December). http://premier.gov.ru/events/news/17409/index.html (accessed 6 July 2012).

Stepanov, Anatolii. 1997. “V poiskakh smysla.” Sovetskaia Rossiia, 4 January.

Stepanov, A., and A. Tolmachev. 1966. Sputnik oratora. Moscow: Izdatel′stvo Sovetskaia Rossiia.

Stepanov, Iu. 2004. Konstanty: Slovarrusskoi kultury. 3rd ed. Moscow: Akademicheskii Proekt.

Strukov, Vlad. 2009. “Russia’s Internet Media Policies: Open Space and Ideological Closure.” In The Post-Soviet Russian Media: Conflicting Signals, edited by Birgit Beumers, Stephen Hutchings, and Natalia Rulyova, 209–22. London: Routledge.

Suhr, Stephanie, and Sally Johnson. 2003. “Re-visiting ‘PC’: Introduction to Special Issue on ‘Political Correctness.’” Discourse and Society 14, no. 1: 5–16.

“Sukhoi ostatok.” 2011b. “‘Edinaia Rossiia’—Partiia vorov i korruptsionerov ili chestnykh printsipial′nykh patriotov?” FinamFM (23 February). http://finam.fm/archive-view/3719/ (accessed 22 February 2012).

Surkov, Vladislav. 2006. “Natsionalizatsiia Budushchego.” Ekspert 43 (20 November): 102–8.

(p.223) Taratuta, Iuliia, and Mikhail Zygar′. 2010. “Vy u nas eshche popishite.” Russkii Newsweek 18–19 (26 April–9 May). http://www.runewsweek.ru/country/34013/ (accessed 5 May 2010).

Tekuchev, V. 1937. “Na soveshchanii uchitelei-otlichnikov (Moskva).” Russkii iazyk v shkole 1: 120–23.

Theen, Rolf H. W., ed. 1991. The U.S.S.R. First Congress of People’s Deputies: Complete Documents and Records, May 25, 1989-June 10, 1989. Vols. 1–4. New York: Paragon House.

Thompson, John B. 1991. “Editor’s Introduction.” In Bourdieu, Language and Symbolic Power, 1–31.

Tirmast, Mariia-Luiza. 2004. “‘Neobkhodimo opuskat’ Edinuiu Rossiiu gde tol′ko mozhno: Oppozitsiia gotovitsia k ulichnoi bor′be s rezhimom.” Kommersantdaily 188 (8 October): 3.

Trudoliubov, Maksim. 2012. “Chto-to pokhozhee na obshchestvo.” Vedomosti (3 February). http://friday.vedomosti.ru/article/2012/02/03/18234 (accessed 6 February 2012).

Tumber, Howard. 2001. “Democracy in the Information Age: The Role of the Fourth Estate in Cyberspace.” In Culture and Politics in the Information Age: A New Politics?, edited by Frank Webster, 17–31. London: Routledge.

Turgenev, Ivan. [1882] 1988. “Russkii iazyk.” Quoted in Russkie poslovitsy, pogovorki i krylatye vyrazheniia: Lingvostranovedcheskii slovar′, edited by E. M. Vereshchagin and V. G. Kostomarov, 174. Moscow: Russkii iazyk.

Ulukhanov, I. S. 1974. “Russkaia rech′ na golubom ekrane.” Russkaia rech′ 12: 60–66.

Ushakov, D. N., ed. 1935. Tolkovyi slovarrusskogo iazyka. Moscow: OGIZ.

Uspenskii, B. A. 1994. Kratkii ocherk istorii russkogo literaturnogo iazyka (XI–XIX vv.). Moscow: Gnosis.

———. 1996. “Mifologicheskii aspect russkoi ekspressivnoi frazeologii.” In Bogomolov, Anti-mir russkoi kultury, 9–107.

Vainonen, Nikita. 1997. “Kazhdyi pishet, kak on dyshit.” Zhurnalist 8: 38–40.

Varichenko, G. V. 1990. “Novaia zhizn′ starykh slov.” Russkii iazyk v shkole 3: 73–76.

Vasil′ev, Vladimir. 1993. “Iazyk nash—vrag vash.” Molodaia gvardiia 1: 232–42.

“V bor′be za kul′turu rechi uchashchikhsia.” 1936. Russkii iazyk v sovetskoi shkole 1: 1–40.

“V Gosdumu vnesli zakon o zaprete inostrannykh slov.” 2013. Lenta.ru (21 February). http://lenta.ru/news/2013/02/21/fine1/ (accessed 5 April 2013).

Vinogradov, Mikhail. 2013. “ONF kak tekhnologiia.” Nezavisimaia (19 June). http://www.ng.ru/politics/2013-06-19/3_kartblansh.html (accessed 18 July 2013).

Vinokur, G. O. 1923. “Kul′tura iazyka. (Zadachi sovremennogo iazykoznaniia).” Pechati revoliutsiia 5: 100–111.

———. 1929. Kultura iazyka. 2nd ed. Moscow: Federatsiia.

———. [1945] 1967. “Iz besed o kul′ture rechi.” Russkaia rech′ 3: 10–14.

“Vladimir Zhirinovskii, kak glavnyi ideolog zakonnogo proekta, predlozhil svoi slovar′.” 2013. KommersantFM (21 February). http://www.kommersant.ru/doc/2132708 (accessed 5 April 2013).

“V mire slov.” n. d. tvmuseum.ru. http://www.tvmuseum.ru/catalog.asp?ob_no=6311 (accessed 19 July 2011).

(p.224) Volin, B. M. 1936. “Bor′ba za gramotnost′—Osnovnaia zadacha shkoly.” Russkii iazyk v sovetskoi shkole 1: 16–17.

Volkov, Vadim. 1999. “The Concept of Kulturnost′: Notes on the Stalinist Civilizing Process.” In Stalinism: New Directions, edited by Sheila Fitzpatrick, 210–30. London: Routledge.

Voloshinov, V. N. [1929] 1993. Marksizm i filosofiia iazyka: Osnovnye problemy sotsiologicheskogo metoda v nauke o iazyke. Moscow: Labirint.

Voronova, Tat′iana, and Dmitrii Dmitrienko. 2012. “TsB prislal proverku v Viatkabank.” Vedomosti (14 February). http://www.vedomosti.ru/politics/news/1503650/cb_prislal_proverku_v_vyatkabank (accessed 20 February 2012).

Vorontsova, V. L., and A. I. Sumkina. 1955. “O knigakh po kul′ture rech.” Voprosy kultury rechi 1: 208–20.

Vorotnikov, Iu. L. 2002. “Seminar Soveta po russkomu iazyku pri pravitel′stve Rossiiskoi Federatsii i Mezhdunarodnoi organizatsii frankofonii (Parizh, 1–2 oktiabria 2001 g.).” Izvestiia RAN. Seriia literatury i iazyka 3: 73–80.

Vozniuk, L. V. 1986. “Patrioticheskoe vospitanie uchashchikhsia pri rabote nad proizvedeniiami A. P. Gaidara na urokakh russkogo iazyka.” Russkii iazyk v shkole 6: 10–12.

“V. Putin: ‘Priamaia liniia.’” 2007. Fond “Obshchestvennoe mnenie” (25 October). http://bd.fom.ru/report/map/projects/dominant/dom0743/d074322 (accessed 5 December 2007).

“V. Putin v priamom efire (elektronnaia focus-gruppa).” 2006. Fond “Obshchestvennoe mnenie” (2 November). http://bd/fom.ru/report/map/projects/dominant/dom0643/domt0643_1/d064332 (accessed 12 November 2006).

“V. Putin v priamom teleefire: Otsenki rossiian.” 2006. Vserosiiskii tsentr izucheniia obshchestvennogo mneniia (VTsIOM). Press release no. 567 (1 November). http://wciom.ru/no_cache/arkhiv/tematicheskii-arkhiv/item/single/3510.html?sHash=9e64991fa0&print=1 (accessed 12 November 2006).

“V. Putin v priamom teleefire: Otsenki rossiian.” 2007. VTsIOM. Press release no. 797 (24 October). http://wciom.ru/novosti/press-vypuski/press-vypusk/single/9020.html?no_cache=1&cHash=bcb8dbad8d&print=1 (accessed 18 December 2007).

“Vstrecha s shef-korrespondentami moskovskikh biuro vedushchikh amerikanskikh SMI.” 2001. Prezident Rossii (10 November). http://archive.kremlin.ru/appears/2001/11/10/0002_type63376type63380type63381_28694.shtml (accessed 29 April 2013).

“Vystuplenie i otvety na voprosy v khode sovmestnoi press-konferentsii s Prezidentom Frantsuzskoi Respubliki Zhakom Shirakom.” 2002. Prezident Rossii (15 January). http://archive.kremlin.ru/appears/2002/01/15/0002_type63377type63380_28774.shtml (accessed 29 April 2013).

“V zashchitu very i dukha naroda!” 1997. Literaturnaia Rossiia 48: 11.

Wiezbiska, Anna. 2001. Ponimanie kultur cherez posredstvo kliuchevykh slov. Moscow: Iazyki slavianskoi kul′tury.

Williams, Raymond. [1976] 1983. Keywords: A Vocabulary of Culture and Society. Rev. ed. New York: Oxford University Press.

(p.225) Wilson, Andrew. 2005. Virtual Politics: Faking Democracy in the Post-Soviet World. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Wood, Elizabeth A. 2005. Performing Justice: Agitation Trials in Early Soviet Russia. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

Woodmansee, Martha, and Mark Osteen, eds. 1999. The New Economic Criticism: Studies at the Intersection of Literature and Economics. London: Routledge.

Woolard, Kathryn A. 1998. “Introduction: Language Ideology as a Field of Inquiry.” In Language Ideologies: Practice and Theory, edited by Bambi B. Schieffelin, Kathryn A. Woolard, and Paul Kroskrity, 3–47. New York: Oxford University Press.

yavleev. 2012. “8 millionov iz biudzheta budet vydeleno na DDOS, vzlom i spam oppozitsionnykh saitov.” yavleev. 3 February. http://yavleev.livejournal.com/704.html (accessed 21 August 2012).

Yurchak, Alexei. 2006. Everything Was Forever, Until It Was No More: The Last Soviet Generation. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

“Zaiavlenie chlenov Soveta v otnoshenii zakonoproekta no. 89417–6 ‘O vnesenii izmenenii v Federal′nyi zakon “O zashchite detei ot informatsii, prichiniaiushchei vred ikh zdorov′iu i razvitiiu”.’” 2012. Sovet pri Prezidente RF po razvitiiu grazhdanskogo obshchestva i pravam cheloveka. http://www.president-sovet.ru/council_decision/coun-cil_statement/zayavlenie_chlenov_soveta_v_otnoshenii_zakonoproekta_89417_6.php (accessed 10 July 2012).

Zakhvatov, Andrei. 2000. “‘Vlast’ reshila operetsia na sootechestvennikov,” Russkii zhurnal (17 November). http://old.russ.ru/politics/partactiv/20001117-pr.html (accessed 9 June 2010).

“Zakon o mitingakh vstupil v silu.” 2012. Lenta.ru (9 June). http://lenta.ru/news/2012/06/09/inforce/ (accessed 13 July 2012).

“Zashchitu rodnogo slova.” 1994. Moskva 8: 145–53.

Zassoursky, Ia. N. 2004. Iskushenie svobodoi: Rossiiskaia zhurnalistika, 1990–2004. Moscow: Izdatel′stvo Moskovskogo universiteta.

Zelenkov, Aleksandr. 1997. “Retsepty ot Komsomolki. Komsomolskaia Pravda 188 (13 October). http://dlib.eastview.com.lp.hscl.ufl.edu/browse/doc/6686979 (accessed 19 July 2013).

Zhel′vis, Vladimir. 1997. Pole brani: Skvernoslovie kak sotsialnaia problema. Moscow: Ladomir.

Zhirnov, Evgenii. 2000. “Pishite, chto khotite, tol′ko ne vrite.” Kommersant-Vlast′ (13 June).

Zhivov, V. M. 1996. Iazyk i kultura v Rossii XVIII veka. Moscow: Shkola “Iazyki russkoi kul′tury.”

Zhuravleva, Zoia. 1996. “Gorit vo lbu mentalitet.” Literaturnaia gazeta 23 (6 May): 3.

Zolotusskii, Igor′. 1998. “Russkaia tema: Period romantizma v nashem otechestve slishkom zatianulsia.” Nezavisimaia gazeta, 16 January.

Zorin, Andrei. 1996. “Legalizatsiia obstsennoi leksiki i ee kul′turnye posledstviia.” In Bogomolov, Anti-mir russkoi kultury, 121–39.

Zvereva, Vera. 2012. Setevye razgovory: Kulturnye kommunikatsii v Runete. Slavica Bergensia 10. Bergen, Norway: Slavica Bergensia.

(p.226) Zvereva, Vera, and Aleksandrs Berdicevskis. Forthcoming, 2014. “Substandard Varieties or ‘The True Story of Olbanian Language.’” In Gorham, Lunde, and Paulsen, Digital Russia.

Zykov, Vladimir. 2012. “Zakon o chernykh spiskakh v Seti ne budet rabotat′.” Izvestiia (11 July). http://izvestia.ru/news/530114 (accessed 16 July 2012).