Missionaries, Mainliners, and the Making of a Movement
This introductory chapter provides a background of Christian internationalism. In the 1920s and 1930s, Christian internationalism in the United States was characterized by three factors. First, as a movement of thought, it consisted in large part in the proliferation of new enterprises devoted to producing Christian reflection on the ethics of “international relations”—world conferences, traveling seminars like evangelist Sherwood Eddy's, new forms of print and periodical culture, and ecumenical study commissions. A second defining characteristic of Christian internationalism in the interwar period was its distinct structure of thinking that held Christian universalism to be a check against nationalism rather than a help for it. Last, interwar Christian internationalism consisted of a holistic, oppositional, and at times radical political orientation that in many enterprises actually united realists and pacifists, setting them apart from their legalist and institutionalist counterparts.
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