Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Better Must ComeExiting Homelessness in Two Global Cities$

Matthew D. Marr

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780801453380

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801453380.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM Cornell University Press SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.cornell.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Cornell University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in Cornell for personal use (for details see www.cornell.universitypressscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy/privacy-policy-and-legal-notice). Subscriber: null; date: 23 October 2018

(p.207) References

(p.207) References

Source:
Better Must Come
Publisher:
Cornell University Press

Bibliography references:

Abe, Aya. 2010. “Dare ga Rojō ni Nokotta ka?” [Who is left on the streets?]. Hōmuresu to Shakai [Homelessness and Society] 3:18–25.

Abu-Lughod, Janet. 1999. New York, Chicago, Los Angeles: America’s Global Cities. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

——. 2007. “The Challenge of Comparative Case Studies.” City 11 (3): 399–404.

Aoki, Hideo. 2000. Gendai Nihon no Toshi Kaso: Yoseba to Nojukusha to Gaikokujin Roudousha [The urban underclass in contemporary Japan: Yoseba, the homeless, and foreign laborers]. Tokyo: Akashi Shoten.

——. 2003. “Homelessness in Osaka: Globalization, Yoseba, and Disemployment.” Urban Studies 40 (2): 361–79.

——. 2006. Japan’s Underclass: Day Laborers and the Homeless. Melbourne, Australia: Trans Pacific Press.

Aoki, Hideo, Mitsutoshi Nakane, Ayumi Kariya, Akihiko Nishizawa, and Keiko Yamaguchi. 1999. Basho wo Akero! Yoseba/Hōmuresu no Shakaigaku [Open a place! Sociology of yoseba/homelessness]. Tokyo: Shoraisha.

Aoki, Osamu, and Deborah McDowell Aoki. 2005. “Invisible Poverty in Japan: Case Studies and Realities of Single Mothers.” Journal of Poverty 9 (1): 1–21.

Ashida, Takuma. 2005. “Shotoku to Shitsugyōritsu kara miru Tōkyō no Bunkyoku no Yukue” [The status of Tokyo’s polarization as seen from income and unemployment]. In Posuto Seichōki ni okeru Shizokukano na Chīki Hatten no Kōsō to Genjitsu: Kaihatsushugi no Monogatari wo Koete [The design and reality of possibly enduring community development in the postgrowth period—beyond the tale of developmentalism], edited by Takashi Machimura, 68–77. Tokyo: Hitotsubashi University Graduate School of Social Sciences.

Auyero, Javier. 2011. “Researching the Urban Margins: What Can the United States Learn from Latin America and Vice Versa?” City & Community 10 (4): 431–36.

——. 2012. Patients of the State: The Politics of Waiting in Argentina. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Befu, Harumi. 2001. Hegemony of Homogeneity: An Anthropological Analysis of Nihonjinron. Melbourne, Australia: Trans Pacific Press.

Benedict, Ruth. 1948. The Chrysanthemum and the Sword: Patterns of Japanese Culture. Rutland, VT: Tuttle.

Benford, Robert D., and David A. Snow. 2000. “Framing Processes and Social Movements: An Overview and Assessment.” Annual Review of Sociology 26:611–39.

Berk, Richard, and John MacDonald. 2010. “Policing the Homeless: An Evaluation of Efforts to Reduce Homeless-Related Crime.” Criminology & Public Policy 9 (4): 813–40.

Blasi, Gary, and the UCLA School of Law Fact Investigation Clinic. 2007. “Policing Our Way out of Homelessness? The First Year of the Safer Cities Initiative on Skid Row.” http://www.worldcat.org/title/policing-our-way-out-of-homelessness-the-first-year-of-the-safer-cities-initiative-on-skid-row/oclc/187332352.

Bourgois, Phillipe, and Jeff Schonberg. 2009. Righteous Dopefiend. Los Angeles: University of California Press.

(p.208) Brenner, Neil, and Nik Theodore. 2002. “Cities and the Geographies of ‘Actually Existing Neoliberalism.’” Antipode 34 (3): 349–79.

Brinton, Mary. 2010. Lost in Transition: Youth, Work, and Instability in Postindustrial Japan. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Burawoy, Michael, ed. 1991. Ethnography Unbound: Power and Resistance in the Modern Metropolis. Los Angeles: University of California Press.

——. 2009. The Extended Case Method: Four Countries, Four Great Transformations, and One Theoretical Tradition. Los Angeles: University of California Press.

Burawoy, Michael, Joseph A. Blum, Sheba Miriam George, Zsuzsa Gille, Millie Thayer, Teresa Gowan, Lynne Haney, Maren Klawiter, Steve H. Lopez, and Sean O’Riain. 2000. Global Ethnography: Forces, Connections, and Imaginations in a Postmodern World. Los Angeles: University of California Press.

Burt, Martha, Laudan Y. Aron, and Edgar Lee, with Jesse Valente. 2001. Helping America’s Homeless: Emergency Shelter or Affordable Housing. Washington, DC: Urban Institute Press.

Byrne, Thomas, Ellen A. Munley, Jamison D. Fargo, Anne E. Montgomery, and Dennis P. Culhane. 2013. “New Perspectives on Community-Level Determinants of Homelessness.” Journal of Urban Affairs 35 (5): 607–25.

Cave, Peter. 2011. “Explaining the Impact of Japan’s Educational Reform: Or, Why Are Junior High Schools So Different from Elementary Schools?” Social Science Japan Journal 14 (2): 145–63.

Chi’iki Seikatsu Ikō Shien Jigyō Kōka Kentō Iinkai (Transition to Community Living Support Project Research Group). 2011. Hōmeresu Chiiki Seikatsu Ikō Shien Jigyō Hōkokusho [Homeless transition to community living support project report]. Unpublished report. Tokyo: Chi’iki Seikatsu Ikō Shien Jigyō Kōka Kentō Iinkai.

Cloke, Paul, Jon May, and Sarah Johnsen. 2010. Swept Up Lives? Re-envisioning the Homeless City. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.

Conley, Dalton Clark. 1996. “Getting It Together: Social and Institutional Obstacles to Getting off the Streets.” Sociological Forum 11 (1): 25–40.

Culhane, Dennis P. 1992. “The Quandaries of Shelter Reform: An Appraisal of Efforts to Manage Homelessness.” Social Service Review 66 (3): 428–40.

——. 2008. “The Costs of Homelessness: A Perspective from the United States.” European Journal of Homelessness 2:99–114.

——. 2010a. “Tackling Homelessness in Los Angeles’ Skid Row: The Role of Policing Strategies and the Spatial Deconcentration of Homelessness.” Criminology & Public Policy 9 (4): 851–57.

——. 2010b. “To Fight Homelessness, Turn Project 50 into Project 10,000.” Los Angeles Times, August 13. http://articles.latimes.com/2010/aug/13/opinion/la-oew-culhane-project50-20100813.

Culhane, Dennis P., Stephen Metraux, and Trevor Hadley. 2002. “Public Service Reductions Associated with Placement of Homeless Persons with Severe Mental Illness in Supportive Housing.” Housing Policy Debate 13 (1): 107–63.

Cybriwsky, Roman A. 1998. Tokyo: The Shogun’s City at the Twenty-First Century. New York: John Wiley and Sons.

Danziger, Sandra K. 2010. “The Decline of Cash Welfare and Implications for Social Policy and Poverty.” Annual Review of Sociology 36:533–45.

Davis, Mike. 1990. City of Quartz. New York: Vintage Books.

Dear, Michael. 2002. “Los Angeles and the Chicago School: Invitation to a Debate.” City & Community 1 (1): 5–32.

Dennis, Deborah, Margaret Lassiter, William H. Connelly, and Kristin S. Lupfer. 2011. “Helping Adults Who Are Homeless Gain Disability Benefits: The SSI/SSDI (p.209) Outreach, Access, and Recovery (SOAR) Program.” Psychiatric Services 62 (11): 1373–76.

DeVerteuil, Geoff. 2006. “The Local State and Homeless Shelters: Beyond Revanchism?” Cities 23 (2): 109–20.

——. 2013. “Does the Punitive Need the Supportive? A Sympathetic Critique of Current Grammars of Urban Injustice.” Antipode (early online view). http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com.ezproxy.fiu.edu/doi/10.1111/anti.12001/full.

DeVerteuil, Geoff, Jon May, and Jurgen von Mahs. 2009. “Complexity Not Collapse: Recasting the Geographies of Homelessness in a ‘Punitive Age.’” Progress in Human Geography 33 (5): 646–66.

DiMaggio, Paul. 1997. “Culture and Cognition.” Annual Review of Sociology 23:263–87.

DiMassa, Cara Mia. 2006. “Alleged Skid Row Dumping Is Captured on Video Tape.” Los Angeles Times, March 23. http://articles.latimes.com/2006/mar/23/local/me-dumping23.

Dordick, Gwendolyn A. 1997. Something Left to Lose: Personal Relations and Survival Among New York’s Homeless. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

Dreier, Peter, John Mollenkopf, and Todd Swanstrom. 2004. Place Matters: Metropolitics for the Twenty-First Century. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas.

Duster, Troy. 2006. “Comparative Perspectives and Competing Explanations: Taking on the Newly Configured Reductionist Challenge to Sociology.” American Sociological Review 71 (1): 1–15.

Economic Roundtable. 2009. Economic Study of the Rent Stabilization Ordinance and the Los Angeles Housing Market. Los Angeles: City of Los Angeles Housing Department.

Esping-Anderson, Gosta. 1999. Social Foundations of Postindustrial Economies. New York: Oxford University Press.

Estévez-Abe, Margarita. 2008. Welfare and Capitalism in Postwar Japan. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Fairbanks, Robert P., II. 2009. How It Works: Recovering Citizens in Post-Welfare Philadelphia. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Feuss, Harald. 2004. Divorce in Japan: Family, Gender, and the State. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.

Förster, Michael, and Marco d’Ercole. 2005. Income Distribution and Poverty in OECD Countries in the Second Half of the 1990s. Paris: OECD.

Fowler, Edward. 1998. San’ya Blues: Laboring Life in Contemporary Tokyo. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

Fujita, Kuniko. 2003. “Neo-Industrial Tokyo: Urban Development and Globalization in Japan’s State-Centered Developmental Capitalism.” Urban Studies 40 (2): 249–81.

——. 2011. “Financial Crises, Japan’s State Regime Shift, and Tokyo’s Urban Policy.” Environment and Planning A 43:307–27.

Fujita, Kuniko, and Richard Child Hill. 1995. “Global Toyotaism and Local Development.” International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 19 (1): 7–22.

——. 2012. “Residential Income Inequality in Tokyo and Why It Does Not Translate into Class-Based Segregation.” In Residential Segregation around the World: Why Context Matters, edited by Thomas Maloutas and Kuniko Fujita, 37–68. Burlington, VT: Ashgate.

Fukuhara, Hiroyuki. 2000. Kankoku ni okeru Nojukusha Mondai no Genjō to Taiōsaku [The current state of Korea’s homeless problem and policy]. Shelter-less 8:8–20.

Gill, Tom. 2001. Men of Uncertainty: The Social Organization of Day Laborers in Contemporary Japan. New York: State University of New York Press.

(p.210) ——. 2012. “Failed Manhood on the Streets of Urban Japan: The Meanings of Self-Reliance for Homeless Men.” Asia-Pacific Journal 10 (1). http://www.japanfocus.org/-Tom-Gill/3671.

Gille, Zsuzsa, and Sean O’Riain. 2002. “Global Ethnography.” Annual Review of Sociology 28:271–95.

Goffard, Christopher. 2010. “Project 50: Four Walls and a Bed.” Los Angeles Times, August 7. http://www.latimes.com/news/local/la-me-homeless-project50%2C0%2C4610742.htmlstory.

Gonzales-Baker, Susan. 1996. “Homelessness and the Latino Paradox.” In Homelessness in America, edited by James Baumohl, 132–40. Phoenix, AZ: Oryx Press.

Gotō, Hiroshi. 2010. “DaitoshiHōmuresuno Jittai to Shien Kadai: Seikatsu Hogo Seido wo Chūshin ni [Conditions and support issues for the homeless of major urban areas: A focus on the livelihood protection system]. Hinkon Kenkyū [Poverty Research] 4:108–17.

Gowan, Teresa. 2002. “The Nexus: Homelessness and Incarceration in Two American Cities.” Ethnography 3 (4): 500–534.

——. 2010. Hobos, Hustlers, and Backsliders: Homeless in San Francisco. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Grant, David M., Melvin L. Oliver, and Angela D. James. 1996. “African Americans: Social and Economic Bifurcation.” In Ethnic Los Angeles, edited by Roger Waldinger and Mehdi Bozorgmehr, 379–412. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

Hagiwara, Keisetsu. 2001. “‘Heisei Jūichi-nendo Rōjōseikatsusha Jittai ChōsaHōkokusho Kara. [Report from the “Tokyo Metropolitan Government 1999 homeless survey”]. Shelter-less 10:107–28.

Hallett, Tim. 2003. “Symbolic Power and Organizational Culture.” Sociological Theory 21 (2): 128–49.

Harding, David. 2010. Living the Drama: Community, Conflict, and Culture among Inner-City Boys. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Harvey, David. 1990. The Condition of Postmodernity: An Enquiry into the Origins of Cultural Change. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell.

——. 2005. A Brief History of Neoliberalism. New York: Oxford University Press.

——. 2006. “Neoliberalism as Creative Destruction.” Geografiska Annaler: Series B, Human Geography 88 (2): 145–58.

Hasegawa, Miki. 2005. “Economic Globalization and Homelessness in Japan.” American Behavioral Scientist 48 (8): 989–1012.

——. 2006. We Are Not Garbage! The Homeless Movement in Tokyo, 1994–2002. New York: Routledge.

Helvie, Carol O., and Wilfred Kuntsman, eds. 1999. Homelessness in the United States, Europe, and Asia: A Comparative Perspective. Westport, CT: Bergin and Garvey.

Hill, Richard Child, and Kuniko Fujita. 2000. “State Restructuring and Local Power in Japan.” Urban Studies 37 (4): 673–90.

Hoch, Charles, and Robert A. Slayton. 1989. New Homeless and Old: Community and the Skid Row Hotel. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

Hombs, Mary Ellen. 2011. Modern Homelessness. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO.

Hopper, Kim. 2003. Reckoning with Homelessness. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

Hopper, Kim, and Jim Baumohl. 1994. “Held in Abeyance: Rethinking Homelessness and Advocacy.” American Behavioral Scientist 37 (4): 522–52.

Inaba Tsuyoshi. 2009. “Sumai no Hinkonto Mukiau [The housing poor: Understanding housing poverty]. Tokyo: Yamabuki Shoten.

Iwama, Akiko. 2003. “Shakai Kaisō Kenkyū to Shakai Kankei Shihon: Hōmuresu Jiritsu Shiensaku ni okeru Shakai Kankei Shihon no Jūyōsei” [Social class research and (p.211) social capital: The importance of social capital in homeless self-sufficiency policy]. Wako Daigaku Ningen Kankei Gagubu Kiyou [Annals of the Wako University Social Relations Studies Department] 7 (1): 19–37.

Iwata, Masami. 2000. Homuresu/Gendai Shakai/Fukushi Kokka: “Ikite Iku Bashowo Megutte [The homeless/contemporary society/the welfare state: In search of a “place to live”]. Tokyo: Akashi Shoten.

Jacobs, A. J. 2005. “Has Central Tokyo Experienced Uneven Development? An Examination of Tokyo’s 23 Ku Relative to America’s Largest Urban Centers.” Journal of Urban Affairs 27 (5): 521–55.

Jōhoku Welfare Center. 1999. Jigyō Gaiyō [Annual report]. Tokyo: Jōhoku Welfare Center.

——. 2013. Jigyō Annai [Annual guide]. Tokyo: Jōhoku Welfare Center.

Johnsen, Sarah, and Suzanne Fitzpatrick. 2010. “Revanchist Sanitisation or Coercive Care? The Use of Enforcement to Combat Begging, Street Drinking, and Rough Sleeping in England.” Urban Studies 47 (8): 1703–23.

Joniak, Elizabeth. 2005. “Exclusionary Practices and the Delegitimization of Client Voice: How Staff Create, Sustain, and Escalate Conflict in a Drop-In Center for Street Kids.” American Behavioral Scientist 48 (8): 961–88.

Keil, Roger. 1998. Los Angeles: Globalization, Urbanization, and Social Struggles. New York: John Wiley and Sons.

Kenworthy, Lane. 2014. Social Democratic America. New York: Oxford University Press.

Kitagawa, Yukihiko. 2005. “Jiritsu Shien Sentā Riyō-keikensha Rojō Kikitori Chōsa Chūkan Hōkoku” [An interim report on the street survey of former self-reliance support center users]. Shelter-less 25:153–70.

——. 2011. “Tokubetsu-ku no Hogo Shisetsu nado Riyōsha Chōsa kara” [From the survey of users of Tokyo’s “special ward” hogo facilities]. Hōmeless to Shakai 4:77–81.

Koegel, Paul, M. Audrey Burnam, and James Baumohl. 1996. “The Causes of Homelessness.” In Homelessness in America, edited by James Baumohl, 24–33. Phoenix, AZ: Oryx Press.

Kōgi no Hōmuresu no Kashika to Shiensaku ni kan suru Chōsa Kentō Iinkai (The Investigating Group for a Study of Making Visible and Supporting a Broadly Defined Homelessness). 2011. Kōgi no Hōmuresu no Kashika to Shiensaku ni kan suru Chōsa [A study of making visible and supporting a broadly defined homelessness]. Tokyo: Kōgi no Hōmuresu no Kashika to Shiensaku ni kan suru Chōsa Kentō Iinkai.

Kusenbach, Margarethe. 2003. “Street Phenomenology: The Go-Along as Ethnographic Research Tool.” Ethnography 4 (3): 449–79.

Lee, Barrett A., Kimberly A. Tyler, and James D. Wright. 2010. “The New Homelessness Revisited.” Annual Review of Sociology 36:501–21.

Liebow, Elliot. 1993. Tell Them Who I Am: The Lives of Homeless Women. New York: Free Press.

Lipsky, Michael. 1980. Street-Level Bureaucracy: Dilemmas of the Individual in Public Services. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

Los Angeles Homeless Services Authority. 2006. “The 2005 Greater Los Angeles Homeless Count.” http://www.lahsa.org/homelessness_data/reports.asp.

——. 2008. “The 2007 Greater Los Angeles Homeless Count.” http://www.lahsa.org/homelessness_data/reports.asp.

——. 2010. “The 2009 Greater Los Angeles Homeless Count.” http://www.lahsa.org/homelessness_data/reports.asp.

——. 2012. “The 2011 Greater Los Angeles Homeless Count.” http://www.lahsa.org/homelessness_data/reports.asp.

(p.212) ——. 2013. “The 2013 Greater Los Angeles Homeless Count.” http://www.lahsa.org/homelesscount_results.asp.

Lyon-Callo, Vincent. 2004. Inequality, Poverty, and Neoliberal Governance: Activist Ethnography in the Homeless Sheltering Industry. Orchard Park, NY: Broadview Press.

Luce, Stephanie. 2004. Fighting for a Living Wage. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

Machimura, Takashi. 1994. Sekai Toshi Tōkyō No Kōzō Tenkan [Restructuring Tokyo as a world city]. Tokyo: Tokyo University Press.

——. 1998. “Symbolic Use of Globalization in Urban Politics in Tokyo.” International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 22 (2): 183–94.

MacKnee, Chuck M., and Jennifer Mervyn. 2002. “Critical Incidents That Facilitate Homeless People’s Transition off the Streets.” Journal of Social Distress and the Homeless 11 (4): 293–306.

Maloutas, Thomas. 2007. “Segregation, Social Polarization, and Immigration in Athens during the 1990s: Theoretical Expectations and Contextual Difference.” International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 31 (4): 733–58.

Marcuse, Peter and Ronald Van Kempen, eds. 1999. Globalizing Cities: A New Spatial Order? Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.

Margolis, Abby. 2008. “Subversive Accommodations: Doing Homeless in Tokyo’s Ueno Park.” In Cast Out: Vagrancy and Homelessness in Global and Historical Perspective, edited by A. L. Beier and Paul Ocobock, 351–72. Athens: Ohio University Press.

Marpsat, Maryse, and Jean Marie Fiordian. 1998. “The Homeless in Paris: A Representative Sample Survey of Users of Services for the Homeless.” In Coping with Homelessness: Issues to Be Tackled and Best Practices in Europe, edited by Dragana Avmarov, 221–51. Brookfield, VT: Ashgate.

Marr, Matthew D. 1997. “Maintaining Autonomy: The Plight of the American Skid Row and Japanese Yoseba.” Journal of Social Distress and the Homeless 6 (3): 229–50.

——. 2005a. “Mitigating Apprehension about Section 8: The Positive Role of Housing Specialists in Placement.” Housing Policy Debate 16 (1): 88–111.

——. 2005b. “Relationships between Self-Sufficiency System Users and Staff as Social Capital: A View from Former Self-Sufficiency System Users in Tokyo” [in Japanese]. Shelter-less 26:51–81.

——. 2012. “Pathways out of Homelessness in Los Angeles and Tokyo: Multilevel Contexts of Limited Mobility amid Advanced Urban Marginality.” International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 36 (5): 980–1006.

Maruyama, Satomi. 2004. “Hidden Women in Shelters and on the Street: “Hidden Homelessness” in Japan.” A paper presented at the Adequate and Affordable Housing for All: Research, Policy, Practice conference, Toronto, June 24–17.

——. 2013. Josei Hōmuresu to shite Ikiru: Hinkon to Haijo no Shakaigaku [To live as a homeless woman: The sociology of poverty and exclusion]. Tokyo: Seikaishishosha.

Marwell, Nicole P. 2007. Bargaining for Brooklyn: Community Organizations in the Entrepreneurial City. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Massey, Doreen. 1997. “A Global Sense of Place.” In Reading Human Geography: The Poetics and Politics of Inquiry, edited by Trevor Barnes and Derek Gregory, 315–23. New York: John Wiley and Sons.

May, Jon, and Paul Cloke. 2013. “Modes of Attentiveness: Reading for Difference in Geographies of Homelessness.” Antipode (early online view). http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com.ezproxy.fiu.edu/doi/10.1111/anti.12043/full.

(p.213) McNaughton, Carol. 2008. Transitions through Homelessness: Lives on the Edge. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

McPherson, Miller, Smith-Lovin, Lynn, and James M. Cook. 2001. “Birds of a Feather: Homophily in Social Networks.” Annual Review of Sociology 27:415–44.

McQuarrie, Michael, and Nicole P. Marwell. 2009. “The Missing Organizational Dimension in Urban Sociology.” City & Community 8 (3): 247–68.

Milkman, Ruth. 2006. L.A. Story: Immigrant Workers and the Future of the U.S. Labor Movement. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

Ministry of Health, Labor, and Welfare. 2003. Hōmuresu no Jittai ni kan suru Zenkoku Chōsa [A national study of the conditions of the homeless]. Tokyo.

——. 2007a. Hiyatoi Haken Rodōsha no Jittai ni Kansuru Chōsa [A study about the conditions of dispatch day laborers]. Tokyo.

——. 2007b. Hōmuresu no Jittai ni kan suru Zenkoku Chōsa [A national study of the conditions of the homeless]. Tokyo.

——. 2011. Hōmuresu no Jittai ni kan suru Zenkoku Chōsa [A national study of the conditions of the homeless]. Tokyo.

——. 2014. Hōmuresu no Jittai ni kan suru Zenkoku Chōsa [A national study of the conditions of the homeless]. Tokyo.

Mitchell, Don. 2003. The Right to the City: Social Justice and the Fight for Public Space. New York: Guilford Press.

Miura, Mari. 2012. Welfare through Work: Conservative Ideas, Partisan Dynamics, and Social Protection in Japan. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

Mizuuchi, Toshio, and Hong Gyu Jeon. 2010. “The New Mode of Urban Renewal for the Former Outcaste Minority People and Areas in Japan.” City, Culture, and Society, supplement 1 of the journal Cities 27:S25-S34.

Morikawa, Suimei. 2013. Hyōryū Rōjin Hōmuresu Shakai [Society of aged mobile homeless]. Tokyo: Asahi Shinbun Shuppan.

Murphy, Stacey. 2009. “‘Compassionate’ Strategies of Managing Homelessness: Post-Revanchist Geographies in San Francisco.” Antipode 41 (2): 305–25.

National Alliance to End Homelessness. 2013. The State of Homelessness in America 2013. Washington, DC: NAEH.

Ong, Paul, and Evelyn Blumenberg. 1996. “Income and Racial Inequality in Los Angeles.” In The City: Los Angeles and Urban Theory at the End of the Twentieth Century, edited by Allen Scott and Edward Soja, 311–36. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Ong, Paul, and Abel Valenzuela Jr. 1996. “The Labor Market: Immigrant Effects and Racial Disparities.” In Ethnic Los Angeles, edited by Roger Waldinger and Mehdi Bozorgmer, 165–91. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

Ortiz, Vilma. 1996. “The Mexican-Origin Population: Permanent Working Class or Emerging Middle Class?” In Ethnic Los Angeles, edited by Roger Waldinger and Mehdi Bozorgmehr, 247–78. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

Padgett, Deborah K., Victoria Stanhope, Ben F. Henwood, and Ana Stefancic. 2011. “Substance Use Outcomes among Homeless Clients with Serious Mental Illness: Comparing Housing First with Treatment First Programs.” Community Mental Health Journal 47:227–32.

Pattillo, Mary. 2013. “Housing: Commodity versus Right.” Annual Review of Sociology 39:509–531.

Peck, Jamie, and Adam Tickell. 2002. “Neoliberalizing Space.” Antipode 34 (3): 380–404.

Piliavin, Irving, Bradley R. Etner Wright, Robert D. Mare, and Alex H. Westerfelt. 1996. “Exits from and Returns to Homelessness.” Social Service Review 70 (1): 32–57.

(p.214) Piliavin, Irving, Michael Sosin, Alex H. Westerfelt, and Ross L. Matsueda. 1993. “The Duration of Homeless Careers: An Exploratory Study.” Social Service Review 67 (4): 577–97.

Piven, Frances Fox, and Richard A. Cloward. 1993. Regulating the Poor: The Functions of Public Welfare, Updated Edition. New York: Vintage.

Ravenhill, Megan. 2008. The Culture of Homelessness. Burlington, VT: Ashgate.

Reese, Ellen. 2002. “Resisting the Workfare State: Mobilizing General Relief Recipients in Los Angeles.” Race, Gender & Class 9 (1): 72–95.

——. 2005. Backlash against Welfare Mothers: Past and Present. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Reese, Ellen, Geoffrey DeVerteuil, and Leanne Thach. 2010. “‘Weak Center’ Gentrification and the Contradictions of Containment: Deconcentrating Poverty in Downtown Los Angeles.” International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 34 (2): 310–27.

Rindfuss, Ronald R., Minja Kim Choe, Larry Bumpass, and Noriko O. Tsuya. 2004. “Social Networks and Family Change in Japan.” American Sociological Review 69 (9): 838–61.

Rivera, Carla. 2005. “Near Downtown Lies a Civic Problem.” Los Angeles Times, August 25. http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/latimes/access/886031791.html?dids=886031791:886031791&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT&type=current&date=Aug+24%2C+2005&author=Carla+Rivera&pub=Los+Angeles+Times&edition=&startpage=B.2&desc=Q%26A+%2F+SKID+ROW.

Robinson, Jennifer. 2010. “Cities in a World of Cities: The Comparative Gesture.” International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 35 (1): 1–23.

Rossi, Peter. 1989. Down and Out in America: The Origins of Homelessness. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Rowe, Michael. 1999. Crossing the Border: Encounters between Homeless People and Outreach Workers. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Saito, Asato. 2003. “Global City Formation in a Capitalist Developmental State: Tokyo and the Waterfront Subcentre Project.” Urban Studies 40 (2): 283–308.

Saito, Asato, and Andy Thornley. 2003. “Shifts in Tokyo’s World City Status and in the Urban Planning Response.” Urban Studies 40 (4): 665–85.

Santos, Maria C. L. 1996. “Paper or Plastic: A Comparative Study of Materials Used by the Homeless in Sao Paulo, Brazil and Los Angeles, USA.” Traditional Dwellings and Settlements 99:35–64.

Sassen, Saskia. 2001. The Global City: New York, London, Tokyo, Second Edition. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Schein, Edgar H. 1992. Organizational Culture and Leadership. 2nd ed. San Francisco:Jossey-Bass.

Schoppa, Len. J. 1995. “The Number of Homeless People in Los Angeles City and County, July 1993 to June 1994.” Los Angeles: Shelter Partnership.

——. 2006. Race for the Exits: The Unraveling of Japan’s System of Social Protection. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

Shelter Partnership, Inc. 1995. The Number of Homeless People in Los Angeles City and County, July 1993 to June 1994. Los Angeles: Shelter Partnership, Inc.

Shinoda, Toru. 2009. “Which Side Are You On? Hakenmura and the Working Poor as a Tipping Point in Japanese Labor Politics.” Asia-Pacific Journal. http://www.japanfocus.org/-Toru-Shinoda/3113.

Shlay Ann B., and Peter Rossi. 1992. “Social Science Research and Contemporary Studies of Homelessness.” Annual Review of Sociology 18:129–60.

(p.215) Small, Mario Luis. 2009a. “How Many Cases Do I Need? On Science and the Logic of Case Selection in Field-Based Research.” Ethnography 10 (1): 5–38.

——. 2009b. Unanticipated Gains: Origins of Network Inequality in Everyday Life. New York: Oxford University Press.

Small, Mario Luis, David J. Harding, and Michèle Lamont. 2010. “Reconsidering Culture and Poverty.” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 629:6–27.

Small, Mario Luis, Erin Jacobs, and Rebekah Peoples Massengill. 2008. “Why Organizational Ties Matter for Neighborhood Effects: A Study of Resource Access through Childcare Centers.” Social Forces 87 (1): 387–414.

Smith, Curtis, Ernesto Castañeda, and Josia Heyman. 2012. “The Homeless and Occupy El Paso: Creating Community among the 99%.” Social Movement Studies 11 (3–4): 356–66.

Smith, Sandra Susan. 2005. “Don’t Put My Name on It: Social Capital Activation and Job-Finding Assistance among the Black Urban Poor.” American Journal of Sociology 111 (1): 1–57.

——. 2007. Lone Pursuit: Distrust and Defensive Individualism among the Black Poor. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

Snow, David A., and Leon Anderson. 1993. Down on Their Luck: A Study of Homeless Street People. Los Angeles: University of California Press.

Snow, David A., Leon Anderson, and Paul Koegel. 1994. “Distorting Tendencies in Research on the Homeless.” American Behavioral Scientist 37 (4): 461–75.

Snow, David A., Susan G. Baker, Leon Anderson, and Michael Martin. 1986. “The Myth of Pervasive Mental Illness among the Homeless.” Social Problems 33:407–23.

Soja, Edward. 1996. “Los Angeles 1965–1992: From Crisis-Generated Restructuring to Restructuring-Generated Crisis.” In The City: Los Angeles and Urban Theory at the End of the Twentieth Century, edited by Allen Scott and Edward Soja, 426–62. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Sorensen, André, Junichiro Okata, and Sayaka Fujii. 2010. “Urban Renaissance as Intensification: Building Regulation and the Rescaling of Place Governance in Tokyo’s High-Rise Manshon Boom.” Urban Studies 47 (3): 556–83.

Sosin, Michael, Irving Piliavin, and Herb Westerfelt. 1990. “Toward a Longitudinal Analysis of Homelessness.” Journal of Social Issues 46 (4): 157–74.

Southern California Association of Governments. 2000. The State of the Region 2000: The Region at the Dawn of the 21st Century. Los Angeles: Southern California Association of Governments.

——. 2005. The State of the Region 2007. Los Angeles: Southern California Association of Governments.

——. 2007. The State of the Region 2007. Los Angeles: Southern California Association of Governments.

Stuart, Forrest. 2011. “Race, Space, and the Regulation of Surplus Labor: Policing African Americans in Los Angeles’ Skid Row.” Souls: A Critical Journal of Black Politics, Culture, and Society 13 (2): 197–212.

Sugimoto, Yoshio. 2010. An Introduction to Japanese Society. 3rd ed. London: Cambridge University Press.

Suzuki, Bunji. 2012. Hōmuresu Shōgaisha: Karera wo Rojō ni Oiyaru Mono [Disabled homeless: What pushes them to the streets]. Tokyo: Nippon Hyōron Sha.

Swidler, Ann. 1986. “Culture in Action: Symbols and Strategies.” American Sociological Review 51:273–86.

(p.216) Tamaki, Matsuo. 2002. “Tōkyō-to Hōuresu Jiritsu Shien Jigyō no Nani ga Mondai Ka” [What is wrong with Tokyo’s self-reliance support efforts?]. Shelter-less 15:19–31.

Telles, Edward Eric, and Vilma Ortiz. 2009. Generations of Exclusion: Mexican Americans, Assimilation, and Race. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

Terao, Tōru, and Okuta Tomoshi. 2010. “Hinkon Bijinesu-ron wo Koete: Posuto-hōmuresu Shien-hō Taisei wo Tenbō Suru” [Beyond the theory of poverty business: Hope for after the Homeless Support Act system]. Hōmuresu to Shakai [Homelessness and Society] 2:8–15.

Tokubetsu-ku Jinji Kōsei Jimu Kumiai Kōseibu (Special Ward Personnel and Welfare Administration Union Welfare Division). 2010. Jigyō Gaiyō [Activities report]. Tokyo: Tokubetsu-ku Jinji Kōsei Jimu Kumiai Kōseibu.

Tokyo Metropolitan Government (TMG). 2004. Hōmuresu no Jiritsu Shien nado ni Kan Suru Tōkyōto Jisshi Keikaku [The Tokyo Metropolitan Government’s report related to homeless self-sufficiency]. Tokyo: TMG.

——. 2007. Tōkyō Hōmuresu Hakusho 2 [The second white paper on Tokyo’s homeless]. Tokyo: TMG.

Tomoro, Kensaku. 2013. “Kinnen ni okeru Todōfuken-betsu Hinkonritsu no Sui’i ni Tsuite—Wākingu Pua wo Chūshin ni” [Recent changes in local poverty rates—a focus on the working poor]. Yamagata Daigaku Kiyō/Shakaigaku (Yamagata University Bulletin/Sociology) 43 (2): 35–92.

Toro, Paul A., Carolyn J. Tompsett, Sylvie Lombardo, Pierre Philippot, Hilde Nachtergael, Benoit Galand, Natasha Schlienz, Nadine Stammel, Yanélia Yabar, Marc Blume, Linda MacKay, and Kate Harvey. 2007. “Homelessness in Europe and the United States: A Comparison of Prevalence and Public Opinion.” Journal of Social Issues 63 (3): 505–24.

Tsemberis, Sam, and Sara Asmussen. 1999. “From Streets to Homes: Pathways to Housing’s Consumer Preference Supported Housing Model.” Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly 17:113–31.

Tsemberis, Sam, and Ronda F. Eisenberg. 2000. “Pathways to Housing: Supported Housing for Street-Dwelling Homeless Individuals with Psychiatric Disabilities.” Psychiatric Services 51 (4): 487–93.

Tsemberis, Sam, Leyla Gulcur, and Maria Nakae. 2004. “Housing First, Consumer Choice, and Harm Reduction with Homeless Individuals with a Dual Diagnosis.” American Journal of Public Health 94 (4): 651–57.

Tsukada, Hiroyasu. 1991. 2001 nen no Tōkyō [Tokyo in 2001]. Tokyo: Iwanami Shoten.

Tsukamoto, Takashi. 2012. “Why Is Japan Neoliberalizing? Rescaling of the Japanese Developmental State and Ideology of State-Capital Mixing.” Journal of Urban Affairs 34 (4): 395–418.

Tsumaki, Shingo, and Keishirō Tsutsumi. 2011. “Kazoku Kihan to Hōmuresu: Fujo ka Shikkoku ka” [Family norms and homelessness: Aid or constraint]. In Hōmuresu Stadiizu: Haijō to Hōsetsu [Homeless studies: Exclusion and inclusion], edited by Hideo Aoki, 169–201. Tokyo: Minerva Shobō.

United States Department of Agriculture. 2012. “Reaching Those in Need: State Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Participation Rates in 2010.” Washington, DC: USDA. http://www.fns.usda.gov/ora/menu/Published/snap/FILES/Participation/Reaching2010.pdf.

United States Department of Housing and Urban Development. 2007. “HUD Reports Drop in Number of Chronically Homeless Persons Living on Nation’s Streets: Decrease Largely Attributed to Increase in Supportive Housing.” Press statement, November 7. Washington, DC: HUD.

(p.217) ——. 2010a. “Costs Associated with First-Time Homelessness for Families and Individuals.” Washington, DC: HUD.

——. 2010b. “The 2009 Annual Homeless Assessment Report to Congress.” Washington, DC: HUD.

——. 2011. “The 2010 Annual Homeless Assessment Report to Congress.” Washington, DC: HUD.

——. 2013a. The 2012 Point-in-Time Estimates of Homelessness. Washington, DC: HUD.

——. 2013b. “The 2013 Annual Homeless Assessment Report to Congress.” Washington, DC: HUD.

United States Interagency Council on Homelessness. 2010. Opening Doors: Federal Strategic Plan to Prevent and End Homelessness. Washington, DC. USICH.

——. 2012. Opening Doors: Federal Strategic Plan to Prevent and End Homelessness, Update 2012. Washington, DC. USICH.

Vaughan, Diane. 2004. “Theorizing Disaster: Analogy, Historical Ethnography, and the Challenger Accident.” Ethnography 5 (3): 315–47.

Vitale, Alex S. 2009. City of Disorder: How the Quality of Life Campaign Transformed New York Politics. New York: New York University Press.

——. 2010. “The Safer Cities Initiative and the Removal of the Homeless—Reducing Crime or Promoting Gentrification on Los Angeles’ Skid Row?” Criminology & Public Policy 9 (4): 867–73.

von Mahs, Jurgen. 2005. “The Sociospatial Exclusion of Single Homeless People in Berlin and Los Angeles.” American Behavioral Scientist 48 (8): 928–60.

Wacquant, Loïc. 2009. Punishing the Poor: The Neoliberal Government of Social Insecurity. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

——. 2008. Urban Outcasts: A Comparative Study of Advanced Marginality. Malden, MA; Polity Press.

Wagner, David. 1993. Checkerboard Square: Culture and Resistance in a Homeless Community. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

Waley, Paul. 2000. “Tokyo: Patterns of Familiarity and Partitions of Difference.” In Globalizing Cities: A New Spatial Order, edited by Peter Marcuse and Ronald van Kempen, 127–57. Malden, MA: Blackwell.

——. 2007. “Tokyo-as-World-City: Reassessing the Role of Capital and the State in Urban Restructuring.” Urban Studies 44 (8): 1465–90.

Wasserman, Jason Adam, and Jeffrey Michael Clair. 2010. At Home on the Street: People, Poverty, and a Hidden Culture of Homelessness. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner.

——. 2011. “Housing Patterns of Homeless People: The Ecology of the Street in the Era of Urban Renewal.” Journal of Contemporary Ethnography 40 (1): 71–101.

Watanabe, Kaoru. 2010. Jiritsu no Jubaku: Hōmuresu Shien no Shakaigaku [Under the spell of “self-reliance”: A sociology of homeless support]. Tokyo: Shinsensha.

Western, Bruce. 2006. Punishment and Inequality in America. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

Wilson, William Julius. 1996. When Work Disappears: The World of the New Urban Poor. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.

Wiseman, Jacqueline. 1970. Stations of the Lost: The Treatment of Skid Row Alcoholics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Wissink, Bart, and Arjan Hazelzet. 2012. “Social Networks in ‘Neighborhood Tokyo.’” Urban Studies 49 (7): 1527–48.

Wolch, Jennifer. 1996. “From Global to Local: The Rise of Homelessness in Los Angeles during the 1980s.” In The City: Los Angeles and Urban Theory at the End of the Twentieth Century, edited by Allen J. Scott, and Edward W. Soja, 390–425. Los Angeles: University of California Press.

(p.218) Wolch, Jennifer, and Michael Dear. 1993. Malign Neglect: Homelessness in an American City. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Wolch, Jennifer, and Geoffrey DeVerteuil. 2001. “New Landscapes of Urban Poverty Management.” In Timespace, edited by Jon May and Nigel Thrift, 149–68. London: Routledge.

Wong, Yin-Ling Irene, Dennis P. Culhane, and Randal S. Kuhn. 1997. “Predictors of Exit and Reentry among Family Shelter Users in New York City.” Social Service Review 71:441–62.

Wong, Yin-Ling Irene, and Irving Piliavin (1997). “A Dynamic Analysis of Homeless-Domicile Transitions.” Social Problems 44 (3): 408–23.

Yamada, Sechi. 2005. “Taisaku ga Hito wo Korosu Toki: Hōmuresu Chīki Seikatsu Ikō Shien Jigyō no Ura de” [When a policy kills people: Behind the homeless movement to community support program]. Shelter-less 26:228–33.

Yamada, Sōshirō. 2009. Hōmuresu Shien ni okeru Shūrō to Fukushi [Welfare and employment in homeless support]. Tokyo: Akashi Shoten.

Yuasa, Makoto. 2008. Han Hinkon: “Suberidai Shakaikara no Dasshitsu [Anti-poverty: Escape from “slippery society”]. Tokyo: Iwanami Shoten.