This chapter discusses the section on poetic logic in the New Science. Poetic logic, the first science of the first branch of the Tree of Poetic Sciences, is the direct counterpart of poetic metaphysics. It is also the first of the nine sciences that correspond to the nine Muses. Poetic logic is propaedeutic to the active sciences of poetic morals, economy, and politics, as well as the speculative poetic sciences of nature. This chapter examines Giambattista Vico’s concept of poetic logic and his articulation of a series of corollaries expounding various aspects of it in relation to poetic tropes, speech, languages and letters, style and song, law, and the art of topics. It also considers the four tropes identified by Vico: metaphor, metonymy, synecdoche, and irony.
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