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Making MoroccoColonial Intervention and the Politics of Identity$
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Jonathan Wyrtzen

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781501700231

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501700231.001.0001

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Introduction

Introduction

The Politics of Identity in a Colonial Political Field

Chapter:
(p.1) Introduction
Source:
Making Morocco
Author(s):

Jonathan Wyrtzen

Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:10.7591/cornell/9781501700231.003.0001

This book examines how European colonial intervention over a period of more than forty years (1912–1956) has politicized Moroccan identity. It explains how French and Spanish military intervention in Morocco forged a new type of political field in which notions about and relationships between politics and identity formation were transformed in a profound manner. Drawing on the concept of a colonial political field, the book explores the ways that various European and local actors politicized four key dimensions of Moroccan identity during the protectorate period: religion, ethnicity, territory, and the role of the Alawid dynasty. In analyzing the Moroccan experience, the book highlights the colonial political field's spatial formation and organizing forces as well as the battles over identity that played out in it. It also considers how notions of collective identity were transformed as various elite and non-elite Moroccan actors negotiated the creation of the colonial political field.

Keywords:   colonial intervention, Europe, Moroccan identity, Morocco, colonial political field, religion, ethnicity, territory, Alawid dynasty, collective identity

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