This book has examined how Moroccan identity has been politicized by European colonial intervention. Drawing on the concept of colonial political field, it has shown that the making of modern Morocco was made possible by the interactions between the colonial powers and local parties. These interactions occurred over time among elites such as colonial administrators, the Moroccan king, and urban Arab anti-colonial nationalists, as well as marginalized groups including rural Berber-speaking groups, the Jews, and Moroccan women. The result was the politicization of Moroccan territory, Moroccan Muslim and Jewish religious identities, Moroccan Arab and Berber ethnic identities, and the Alawid dynasty. This book concludes with a discussion of the broader historiographical and theoretical implications of its findings and how the Moroccan case can explain identity politics in other cases of colonial intervention. It also considers how colonial legacies continue to influence struggles over the territorial, religious, ethnic, and gendered components of Moroccan identity in the post-protectorate political field.
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