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Making MoroccoColonial Intervention and the Politics of Identity$
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Jonathan Wyrtzen

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781501700231

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501700231.001.0001

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Resisting the Colonial Political Field in the Atlas Mountains

Resisting the Colonial Political Field in the Atlas Mountains

Chapter:
(p.93) Chapter 3 Resisting the Colonial Political Field in the Atlas Mountains
Source:
Making Morocco
Author(s):

Jonathan Wyrtzen

Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:10.7591/cornell/9781501700231.003.0004

This chapter examines how the creation of a colonial political field catalyzed external and internal identification processes among rural and urban groups enclosed in the field. Drawing on an archive of Tamazight (Berber) poetry composed during the early protectorate period, it explores identity formation in a rural Berber-speaking group found in the Atlas Mountains in the French zone. It also considers the internal dynamics of the Atlas jihad, or defensive holy war, and especially whether to engage in such a war against the colonial state. Finally, it shows how collective identity and territoriality were re-imagined through this period of anti-state resistance and eventual submission to the Franco-Moroccan makhzan.

Keywords:   colonial political field, Tamazight poetry, Berber poetry, jihad, Atlas Mountains, collective identity, territoriality, anti-state resistance, makhzan, French zone, identity formation

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