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Spheres of InterventionUS Foreign Policy and the Collapse of Lebanon, 1967-1976$
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James R. Stocker

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781501700774

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501700774.001.0001

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Compromise in Cairo

Compromise in Cairo

The Nixon Administration and the Cairo Agreement

Chapter:
(p.44) Chapter 2 Compromise in Cairo
Source:
Spheres of Intervention
Author(s):

James R. Stocker

Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:10.7591/cornell/9781501700774.003.0003

This chapter examines U.S.–Lebanese relations during the run-up to the signing of the 1969 Cairo Agreement between the Lebanese government and the Palestinian militias. The Israeli attack on the Beirut International Airport shook Lebanese politics and led to the collapse of the government. Over the course of 1969, the situation in Lebanon would be aggravated by domestic crises, culminating in the November 1969 Cairo Agreement. This chapter first discusses the United States's military intervention in Lebanon under President Richard Nixon before turning to Israel's August 1969 reprisal raids against Lebanon for fedayeen attacks. It then considers the Rogers Plan, the result of the U.S. proposal that emphasized an Israeli withdrawal from all Egyptian land in exchange for a peace settlement. It also explores the crisis that erupted in Lebanon in October 1969 and the signing of the Cairo Agreement and concludes by emphasizing the role of the United States in the destabilization of the Lebanese internal political system in 1969.

Keywords:   military intervention, U.S.–Lebanese relations, Cairo Agreement, Palestinian militias, Israel, Lebanese politics, Lebanon, Richard Nixon, Rogers Plan, Egypt

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