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Spheres of InterventionUS Foreign Policy and the Collapse of Lebanon, 1967-1976$
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James R. Stocker

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781501700774

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501700774.001.0001

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From Cairo to Amman

From Cairo to Amman

The United States and Lebanese Internal Security

Chapter:
(p.69) Chapter 3 From Cairo to Amman
Source:
Spheres of Intervention
Author(s):

James R. Stocker

Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:10.7591/cornell/9781501700774.003.0004

This chapter examines the September 1970 civil war in Jordan, concentrated in its capital, Amman. Egypt and Jordan embodied two possible models for relations between the Arab government and the fedayeen. The first represented cooperation with the fedayeen, while the second stood for military control. Cairo and Amman also provided two possible models for U.S. policy toward Lebanon: in the first, the United States remained distant from the conflict, allowing local and regional forces to play out; in the second, the United States would attempt to use its diplomatic and military power to influence events. This chapter first discusses the United States's assistance to Lebanon after the Cairo Agreement and the implementation of the accord. It then considers the clashes that broke out between the fedayeen and Christian groups and and how they affected the standing of the United States in Lebanon. It also explores the temporary relief that came to the Lebanese government in the late summer and fall of 1970 due to a “tactical retreat” by the fedayeen.

Keywords:   civil war, Jordan, Amman, fedayeen, Lebanon, Cairo Agreement, United States, Egypt

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