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Spheres of InterventionUS Foreign Policy and the Collapse of Lebanon, 1967-1976$
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James R. Stocker

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781501700774

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501700774.001.0001

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Plus ça change

Plus ça change

International Terrorism, Détente, and the May 1973 Crisis

Chapter:
(p.92) Chapter 4 Plus ça change
Source:
Spheres of Intervention
Author(s):

James R. Stocker

Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:10.7591/cornell/9781501700774.003.0005

This chapter focuses on the reemergence of the conflict between Lebanon and Palestine in 1972–1973 and its impact on the United States's Lebanese policy. It first examines the new strategy of attacks undertaken in mid-1971 by some Palestinian groups against international targets, including assassinations and airplane hijackings, many of which were conducted by a new entity called the Black September Organization (BSO). It then considers how the Palestinians' new strategy prompted a rethinking of U.S. policy toward the issue of terrorism and goes on to assess the Lebanese government's attempt to secure U.S. support in the event of a crisis. It also recounts Israel's April 1973 raid on Beirut that sparked a military confrontation between the Lebanese government and the fedayeen. Finally, it looks at the Melkart Protocols signed by Lebanese and Palestinian representatives.

Keywords:   terrorism, Lebanon, Palestine, United States, assassinations, airplane hijackings, Black September Organization, Israel, fedayeen, Melkart Protocols

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