From the October War to the Civil War
This chapter examines the impact of the October War on Lebanese politics. In the period following the October War, Lebanon entered what seemed to be a permanent state of crisis and U.S. appeared to show greater interest in the region. U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger undertook several high-profile shuttle missions to broker agreements between Israel and the Arab states. This provided a chance to address the aspects of the Arab–Israeli conflict that most concerned Lebanon, including the fate of the Palestinians. This chapter begins by recounting the October War, which pitted a coalition of Arab states led by Egypt and Syria against Israel, and its implications for Lebanon. It then considers the United States's diplomatic campaign following the October War, along with the state of Lebanon's domestic politics after the war. It also discusses the impact of the Lebanese conflict on the United States's diplomacy in the Middle East.
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