Funding for this book came from a variety of sources, including the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies (formerly l’Institut de Hautes Études Internationales), the Swiss National Science Foundation, the Gerald R. Ford Presidential Foundation, and Trinity Washington University.
I am deeply grateful to Jüssi Hanhimäki for his guidance and support. Mohammed-Reza Djalili of the Graduate Institute and Douglas Little of Clark University provided useful feedback that improved the manuscript. David Painter of Georgetown University and Samir Seikaly of the American University of Beirut kindly welcomed me to their respective institutions and opened doors to a variety of resources. In Beirut, Ambassador Abdallah Bouhabib of the Issam Fares Center for Lebanon, Habib Malik of Lebanese American University, and Niqula Nassif of al-Akhbar newspaper shared their time, advice, and assistance in a variety of ways. My gratitude is also due to the many Americans, Lebanese, and Syrians who agreed to be interviewed for this project. I alone am responsible for any errors of fact or judgment.
The staff members at the Nixon and Ford presidential libraries, the National Archives II facility in College Park, the Danish Institute in Damascus, and the Jaffet Library at the American University of Beirut were generous with their time and knowledge. My sincere thanks are due to Michael Mc-Gandy of Cornell University Press for shepherding this work through the peer review process and into publication.
Among personal debts, friends and family too numerous to list provided food, shelter, conversation, and inspiration in Geneva, Beirut, Damascus, Washington, Arkansas, and elsewhere. My wife, Yelena Osipova, read the manuscript several times and provided essential intellectual and moral support. This work is dedicated to her. (p.viii)