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Knowledge and the Ends of EmpireKazak Intermediaries and Russian Rule on the Steppe, 1731-1917$
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Ian W. Campbell

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9781501700798

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501700798.001.0001

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A Double Failure

A Double Failure

Epistemology and the Crisis of a Settler Colonial Empire

(p.157) 6 A Double Failure
Knowledge and the Ends of Empire

Ian W. Campbell

Cornell University Press

This chapter examines the ideas behind Kazaks' economic and political estrangement from the Russian Empire as well as their attempts to claim a role for themselves—and defend their interests—within the space of discussion and debate in which they had previously operated. It discusses the failure of the Russian Empire's peasant resettlement program from the perspective of Kazaks and other Central Asians whose lands were subject to estrangement and reallocation to Slavic settlers. The chapter also explains why violence erupted in Central Asia at the end of 1916, and why local intellectuals sided against the rebels, by analyzing a series of political decisions taken by the tsarist state over the previous decade. Finally, it considers the response of Kazak intellectuals to the shocks of resettlement and disenfranchisement, along with the impact of World War I and the February Revolution on the Kazak steppe and on the Russian Empire more generally.

Keywords:   peasant resettlement, Kazaks, Russian Empire, Central Asia, violence, Kazak intellectuals, disenfranchisement, World War I, February Revolution, Kazak steppe

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