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In the Hegemon's ShadowLeading States and the Rise of Regional Powers$
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Evan Braden Montgomery

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781501702341

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501702341.001.0001

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The Confederacy’s Quest for Intervention and Independence, 1861–1862

The Confederacy’s Quest for Intervention and Independence, 1861–1862

(p.54) Chapter 3 The Confederacy’s Quest for Intervention and Independence, 1861–1862
In the Hegemon's Shadow

Evan Braden Montgomery

Cornell University Press

This chapter examines Great Britain's policy regarding the Confederacy's quest for intervention and independence during the period 1861–1862. It begins with an overview of British interests in North America during the American Civil War era and goes on to discuss Great Britain's rationale for neutrality and the requirements for intervention on behalf of the Confederacy. It then considers the shifting military balance in the Confederacy during the war and the buildup to the Battle of Antietam. It also explores two factors that account for the absence of British intervention in the American Civil War. First, Great Britain's overriding interest in the region was restoring stability rather than preventing containment failure or avoiding access denial. Second, in the view of British policymakers, the best opportunity for intervention would come if the Confederacy were able to dissuade the Union from opposing secession through force of arms.

Keywords:   intervention, Great Britain, Confederacy, independence, North America, American Civil War, Battle of Antietam, containment failure, access denial, Union

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