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In the Hegemon's ShadowLeading States and the Rise of Regional Powers$
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Evan Braden Montgomery

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781501702341

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501702341.001.0001

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India’s Rise and the Struggle for South Asia, 1962–1971

India’s Rise and the Struggle for South Asia, 1962–1971

(p.102) Chapter 5 India’s Rise and the Struggle for South Asia, 1962–1971
In the Hegemon's Shadow

Evan Braden Montgomery

Cornell University Press

This chapter examines how the United States responded to India's rise and to the conflict in South Asia during the period 1962–1971. It first considers the Kennedy administration's attempt to address the growing risk of containment failure by distancing itself from Pakistan and courting India instead as a new partner. It then assesses the United States's policy regarding India after the 1965 India-Pakistan War and during the 1971 South Asia crisis. It also explains the reasons why Washington remained neutral at the outset of the crisis, tilted toward Islamabad during the summer and fall, and sided firmly against India following its military intervention in East Pakistan. It argues that the United States only wanted to preserve stability in South Asia and avoid potential complications to more important priorities because the risks of both containment failure and access denial were low.

Keywords:   containment failure, United States, India, South Asia, Pakistan, India-Pakistan War, access denial

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