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In the Hegemon's ShadowLeading States and the Rise of Regional Powers$
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Evan Braden Montgomery

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781501702341

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501702341.001.0001

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The Emergence of Iraq and the Competition to Control the Gulf, 1979–1991

The Emergence of Iraq and the Competition to Control the Gulf, 1979–1991

(p.126) Chapter 6 The Emergence of Iraq and the Competition to Control the Gulf, 1979–1991
In the Hegemon's Shadow

Evan Braden Montgomery

Cornell University Press

This chapter examines the United States's response to the emergence of Iraq as a rising power and its policy toward Southwest Asia during the period 1979–1991. It discusses U.S. policy toward Southwest Asia during the administrations of Jimmy Carter, Ronald Reagan, and George H. W. Bush. In particular, it analyzes the changes in U.S. stance toward Iran and Iraq and argues that this variation can be explained by the United States's preferred regional order and the direction of the power shifts that took place. It also considers Washington's concerns about the risk of containment failure in relation to the Soviet intervention in Afghanistan and the risk of access denial with regards to Iranian and Iraqi struggle to dominate their neighborhood. Under these conditions, the chapter argues that the United States's preference for regional primacy gave way to a preference for regional parity.

Keywords:   power shifts, United States, Iraq, Southwest Asia, Iran, regional order, containment failure, access denial, regional primacy, regional parity

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