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Peacemaking from Above, Peace from BelowEnding Conflict between Regional Rivals$
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Norrin M. Ripsman

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781501702471

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501702471.001.0001

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Franco-German Peacemaking after World War II

Franco-German Peacemaking after World War II

(p.34) Chapter 2 Franco-German Peacemaking after World War II
Peacemaking from Above, Peace from Below

Norrin M. Ripsman

Cornell University Press

This chapter examines the Franco-German settlement after World War II. It begins with a focus on the reasons for the signature of the October 1954 Paris Agreement, which functioned as a peace treaty between the Three Powers (Great Britain, France, and the United States) and the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG), as it replaced the occupation statute and put inter-Allied relations with Germany on a contractual basis. It then evaluates how the agreement has fared since 1954, considering the degree to which societal or statist mechanisms can explain its endurance and the deepening of bilateral relations between France and the FRG, which developed into a stable peace. Overall, this case serves as the paradigmatic case for the author's argument, with a top-down transition driven by the Soviet threat, US hegemonic engagement, and German and French state/regime survival motives followed by successful economic, institutional, and grievance-reducing strategies to socialize the conflict in the postagreement era.

Keywords:   Franco-German settlement, World War II, peacemaking, peace, Paris Agreement, peace treaty

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