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Peacemaking from Above, Peace from BelowEnding Conflict between Regional Rivals$
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Norrin M. Ripsman

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781501702471

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501702471.001.0001

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Peacemaking between Regional Rivals

Peacemaking between Regional Rivals

Theoretical and Policy Implications

(p.135) Peacemaking between Regional Rivals
Peacemaking from Above, Peace from Below

Norrin M. Ripsman

Cornell University Press

This chapter cumulates the case study results and considers their implications. It considers the theoretical implications of these findings, focusing on the utility of multiparadigmatic approaches to international relations. It discusses how this multistage theory of regional peacemaking presents problems for existing theories of war. It develops the underlying multistaged theory of war that captures the nature of regional rivalries. Finally, it explores the policy relevance of the study's findings. In particular, it focuses on the importance of well-institutionalized states to promote and institutionalize peace settlements and the consequent difficulty of peacemaking in regions such as sub-Saharan Africa, which lacks strong states; the importance of state autonomy to insulate peacemaking states from societal opposition; the utility of secrecy when negotiating peace, as well as the difficulty of secrecy in the twenty-first century; the importance of selecting opportune moments for promoting peacemaking; and the risks of employing a societal strategy before a peace agreement is reached.

Keywords:   peace, regional peacemaking, war, peace settlements, international relations, multistage theory

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